Pronouns

Esperanto Lesson 8 (Pronouns and Travel)

Duration: 30 mins

The 8th lesson contains the Esperanto pronouns including the subject, object and possessive forms. In addition, you will find a vocabulary list about travel and finally some general common phrases. I will try to give examples using both vocabulary and grammar. That way it will be easy for you to see the words when they are separate and when they are in a sentence. Going through the whole page should take about 30 min. Make sure to read the pronunciation and hear the audio as well. If you have any question about this course, please email me directly at Esperanto Classes.

Pronouns

Pronouns are a must to learn because they are part of almost every sentence. They make up about 20% of the daily language use which includes the subject, object and possessive pronoun. If there is an lesson you should NOT skip, this would be one of them.

We will start with the subject pronouns since it's the most used of the 4 forms that you might come across or use very often. The table contains 3 columns (English, Esperanto, and Audio). Make sure you repeat each word after hearing it by either clicking on the audio button or by reading the pronunciation. That should help with memorization as well as improving your pronunciation.

Subject Pronouns in Esperanto

Pronouns Esperanto
Imi
Youvi
Heli
Sheŝi
Weni
You (plural)Vi
Theyili
I love youMi amas vin
She is beautifulSxi estas bela
They are dancingIli dancas
We are happyNi estas felicxaj

Object pronouns are another important one you should make sure you master.

Object Pronouns in Esperanto

Pronouns Esperanto
Memi, min
Youvi, vin
Himli, lin
Herŝi, ŝin
Usni, nin
You (plural)vi
Themili, ilin
Can you call us?Ĉu vi povas altelefoni nin
Give me your phone numberDonu al mi vian telefonnumeron
I can give you my emailMi povas doni al vi mian retmesaĝadreson
Tell him to call meDiru al li altelefoni min

Now we will discuss the possessive pronoun also called possessive determiners which is very straight forward and self explanatory. You use it when you want to express that something belongs to you but usually it comes before a noun.

Possessive Pronouns Esperanto

Pronouns Esperanto
Mymia
Yourvia
Hislia
Herŝia
Ournia
Your (plural)via
Theirilia
His email is...Lia retmesaĝ-adreso estas ...
My phone number is...Mia telefonnumero estas ...
Our dream is to visit SpainNia revo estas viziti Hispanion
Their country is beautifulIlia lando estas bela

Questions?

If you have any questions, please contact me using the Esperanto contact form on the header above.

As for the possessive case of the pronoun, it is used differently because it does not have to come before a noun. Check out the examples!

Possessive Case of the Pronoun in Esperanto

Pronouns Esperanto
Minemia
Yoursvia
Hislia
Hersŝia
Oursnia
Yours (plural)via
Theirsilia
Is this pen yours?Ĉu ĉi tiu plumo estas via?
The book is mineLa libro estas mia
The shoes are hersLa ŝuoj estas ŝiaj
Victory is oursLa venko estas nia

Vocabulary List about Travel

Below is a list of 31 words and expressions related to travel such as means of transportation, lodging and tourism. If you memorize them by heart, you will be able to get around the country and ask for directions much easier than if you did not.

Travel List in Esperanto

Travel Esperanto
Airplaneaviadilo
Airportflughaveno
Busaŭtobuso
Bus stationbusstacio
Caraŭto
Flightflugo
For businesspor komerco
For pleasurepor plezuro
Help DeskHelpejo
Hotelhotelo
Luggagebagaĝo
Parkingparkejo
Passportpasporto
Reservationrezervaĵo
Taxitaksio
Ticketbileto
To travelvojaĝi
Tourismturismo
Train (noun)trajno
Train stationstacidomo
By trainper trajno
By carper aŭtomobilo
By busper aŭtobuso
By taxiper taksio
By airplaneper aviadilo

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Daily Conversation in Esperanto

Finally, a list of sentences that you might need or see often. For a complete list of commonly used sentences, please visit our Esperanto Phrases page. Enjoy!

Common Expressions in Esperanto

English Esperanto
Do you accept credit cards?Ĉu vi akceptas kreditkartojn?
How much will it cost?Kiom multe kostos?
I have a reservationMi havas rezervon
I'd like to rent a carMi ŝatus lui aŭtomobilon
I'm here on business / on vacation.Mi estas ĉi tie pro profesio / pro feroj.
Is this seat taken?Ĉu tiu ĉi sidloko estas libera?
It was nice meeting youEstis agrable renkonti kun vi
Take this! (when giving something)Prenu tion!
Do you like it?Ĉu vi ŝatas ĝin?
I really like it!Mi vere ŝatas ĝin!
I'm just kiddingMi nur ŝercas
I'm hungryMi malsatas
I'm thirstyMi soifas

Fun Facts

Language Quote: Approximately one new word is added to the English language every two hours and around 4,000 new words are added to the English dictionary every year..

Congratulations! You finished your 8th lesson in Esperanto about the pronouns, and travel expressions. Are you ready for the next lesson? We recommend Esperanto Lesson 9. You can also simply click on one of the links below or go back to our Learn Esperanto homepage.