Adjectives

Esperanto Lesson 2 (Adjectives and Food)

Duration: 30 mins

This second lesson teaches many important aspect in Esperanto like adjectives, vocabulary list about food and finally common phrases about greeting. I will try to give examples using both vocabulary and grammar. That way it will be easy for you to see the words when they are separate and when they are in a sentence. Going through the whole page should take about 30 min. Make sure to read the pronunciation and hear the audio as well. If you have any question about this course, please email me directly at Esperanto Classes.

Adjectives

Knowing adjectives in Esperanto is a powerful skill. It can make it easy to have a conversation about different topics by simply knowing some key words such as "good", "bad", "right", "wrong" etc. Adjectives are words used to describe or modify another person or thing in the sentence for example: I am happy. Esperanto is easy.

Below is a list of 20 adjectives that you might come across or use very often. The table contains 3 columns (English, Esperanto, and Audio). Make sure you repeat each word after hearing it by either clicking on the audio button or by reading the pronunciation. That should help with memorization as well as improving your pronunciation.

Adjectives List in Esperanto

Adjectives Esperanto
Tallalta
Shortmallonga (not long), malalta (not tall)
Biggranda
Widelarĝa
Longlonga
Smallmalgranda
Thickdika
Thinmaldika
Newnova
Old (opposite of new)malnova
Cheapmalmultekosta
Expensivekara, multekosta
Youngjuna
Old (opposite of young)maljuna
Wrongmalĝusta
Right (correct)ĝusta
GoodBone
BadMalbone
Difficultmalfacila
Easyfacila

Now we will try to implement some of the words above into full Esperanto sentences. That way you will be able to use the word not only by itself but embedded in a structure.

Esperanto Adjectives in a Sentence

English Esperanto
Am I right or wrong?Ĉu mi pravas aŭ malpravas?
Is he younger or older than you?Ĉu li estas plu juna aŭ plu maljuna ol vi?
Is the test easy or difficult?Ĉu la testo estas facila aŭ malfacila?
Is this book new or old?Ĉu tiu estas nova aŭ malnova libro?
This is so expensiveTio estas tro multekosta

Questions?

If you have any questions, please contact me using the Esperanto contact form on the header above.

Vocabulary List about Food

Below is a list of 50 words related to food such as fruits, vegetables and edible items. If you can memorize them by heart, you will be able to buy many food necessities from the supermarket or off the menu in a restaurant without a problem.

Food List in Esperanto

Food Esperanto
Breakfastmatenmanĝo
Lunchlunĉo
Dinnerĉefmanĝo
Mealmanĝo
Applespomoj
Avocadosavokado
Bananasbananoj
Beansfazeoloj
Breadpano
Butterbutero
Carrots karotoj
Cheesefromaĝo
Chickenkokaĵo
Coffeekafo
Corngreno
Cucumberskukumo
Eggsovoj
Figsfigoj
Fishfiŝaĵo
Foodmanĝaĵo
Fruitfruktoj
Garlicajlo
Grapesvinberoj
Ice creamglaciaĵo
Lemonscitronoj
Lettucelaktuko
Meatviando
Milklakto
Olivesolivoj
Onionscepoj
Orange juiceoranĝosuko
Orangesoranĝoj
Peachespersikoj
Pearspiroj
Pepperspipro
Pineapplesananasoj
Pizzapico
Potatoesterpomoj
Pumpkinkukurbo
Saladsalato
Saltsalo
Sandwichsandviĉo
Soda (like Coke)limonado
Strawberriesfragoj
Sugarsukero
Teateo
Tomatoestomatoj
Vegetableslegomoj
Waterakvo
Watermelonakvomelono

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Daily Conversation in Esperanto

Finally, a list of sentences using the vocabulary used in this lesson plus some bonus phrases. For a complete list of commonly used sentences, please visit our Esperanto Phrases page. Enjoy!

Common Expressions in Esperanto

English Esperanto
Are you thirsty?Ĉu vi soifas?
I'm hungryMi malsatas
Do you have a bottle of water?Ĉu vi havas botelon da akvo?
Breakfast is readyMatenmanĝo pretas
What kind of food do you like?Kian tipon de manĝaĵo vi ŝatas?
I like cheeseMi ŝatas fromaĝon
Bananas taste sweetBananoj gustas dolĉe
I don't like cucumberMi ne ŝatas kukumojn
I like bananasMi ŝatas bananojn
Lemons taste sourCitronoj gustas acidaj
This fruit is deliciousTiu frukto estas franda
Vegetables are healthyLegomoj estas sanaj
Hi!Saluton!
Good morning!Bonan matenon!
Good afternoon!Bonan tagon!
Good evening!Bonan vesperon!
Welcome!Bonvenon!
How are you? (informal)Kiel vi fartas?
How are you? (formal)Kiel vi fartas?
What's up? (colloquial) Kio okazas?
I'm fine, thank you!Mi bonfartas, dankon!
And you? (informal)Kaj vi?
And you? (formal)Kaj vi?
GoodBone

Fun Facts

Language Quote that a palindrome is a word, phrase, number, or other sequence of characters which reads the same backward or forward. Allowances may be made for adjustments to capital letters, punctuation, and word dividers.

Congratulations! You finished your second lesson in Esperanto about adjectives, and food. Are you ready for the next lesson? We recommend Esperanto Lesson 3. You can also simply click on one of the links below or go back to our Learn Esperanto homepage.