Verbs

Esperanto Lesson 12 (Verbs and Time)

Duration: 30 mins

This is the 12th lesson about Esperanto verbs, as well as time expressions such as hours, days, and months. Finally some simple common phrases. I will try to give examples using both vocabulary and grammar. That way it will be easy for you to see the words when they are separate and when they are in a sentence. Going through the whole page should take about 30 min. Make sure to read the pronunciation and hear the audio as well. If you have any question about this course, please email me directly at Esperanto Classes.

Verbs

Before we move on to lessons about the present, past, and future, we need to discuss verbs in general. The verb is the second most used part of speech after the noun. That means we need to pay more attention to its different forms and tenses.

Below is a list of 16 verbs that you might come across or use very often. They are in their raw format (not conjugated yet). The table contains 3 columns (English, Esperanto, and Audio). Make sure you repeat each word after hearing it by either clicking on the audio button or by reading the pronunciation. That should help with memorization as well as improving your pronunciation.

Verbs List in Esperanto

Verbs Esperanto
To driveveturi (per aŭtomobilo)
To findstiri
To givedoni
To havehavi
To knowkoni
To learnlerni
To loveŝati, ami
To playludi
To readlegi
To seevidi
To smilerideti
To speakparoli
To thinkpensi
To understandkompreni
To worklabori
To writeskribi

Here is an example of the verb "to understand" conjugated into the past, present, and future.

Verb "to understand" in a Sentence

He understands meLi komprenas min
He understood meLi komprenis min
He will understand meLi komprenos min

Questions?

If you have any questions, please contact me using the Esperanto contact form on the header above.

Vocabulary List about Time

Below is a list of 30 words related to time such as hours, days and months. If you can memorize them by heart, you will be able to discuss time related topics more easily.

Time in Esperanto

Time Esperanto
DaysTagoj
Mondaylundo
Tuesdaymardo
Wednesdaymerkredo
Thursdayĵaŭdo
Fridayvendredo
Saturdaysabato
Sundaydimanĉo
JanuaryJanuaro
FebruaryFebruaro
MarchMarto
AprilAprilo
MayMajo
JuneJunio
JulyJulio
AugustAŭgusto
SeptemberSeptembro
OctoberOktobro
NovemberNovembro
DecemberDecembro
Autumnaŭtuno
Wintervintro
Springprintempo
Summersomero
Seasonssezonoj
Monthsmonatoj
Timetempo
Hourhoro
Minuteminuto
Seconddua

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Daily Conversation in Esperanto

Finally, here are some popular phrases you might need to use daily. For a complete list of commonly used sentences, please visit our Esperanto Phrases page. Enjoy!

Common Expressions in Esperanto

English Esperanto
I was born in JulyMi naskiĝis en Julio
I will visit you in AugustMi vizitos vin en Aŭgusto
See you tomorrow!Ĝis morgaŭ!
Today is MondayHodiaŭ estas lundo
Winter is very cold hereLa vintro estas tre malvarme ĉi-tie
Yesterday was SundayHieraŭ estis dimanĉo
Are you married?Ĉu vi estas edziĝata?
I'm singleMi estas sola
Would you marry me?Ĉu vi edziĝus min?
Can I have your phone number?Ĉu mi povus havi vian telefonnumeron?
Can I have your email?Ĉu mi povus havi vian retmesaĝadreson?

Fun Facts

Language Quote: ❝Learn everything you can, anytime you can, from anyone you can; there will always come a time when you will be grateful you did.❞ ‒Sarah Caldwell

Congratulations! You finished your 12th lesson in Esperanto about verbs, and time. Are you ready for the next lesson? We recommend Esperanto Lesson 13. You can also simply click on one of the links below or go back to our Learn Esperanto homepage.