Negation

Esperanto Lesson 7 (Negation and Human Body)

Duration: 30 mins

Lesson number 7 teaches an important aspect in Esperanto which is negation. I'm also including a list of vocabulary about the human body, and finally a conversation about getting to know someone. I will try to give examples using both vocabulary and grammar. That way it will be easy for you to see the words when they are separate and when they are in a sentence. Going through the whole page should take about 30 min. Make sure to read the pronunciation and hear the audio as well. If you have any question about this course, please email me directly at Esperanto Classes.

Negation

Negation is the opposite of an affirmative statement. So basically any negative expression such as "no", "never" "nothing" etc. Knowing how to use the negation form could help you double the number of expressions you could use in a sentence.

Here are some negation expressions that you might come across or use very often. The table contains 3 columns (English, Esperanto, and Audio). Make sure you repeat each word after hearing it by either clicking on the audio button or by reading the pronunciation. That should help with memorization as well as improving your pronunciation.

Negation in Esperanto

Negation Esperanto
NoNe
NothingNenio
Not yetankoraŭ ne / Tamen
No oneNeniu
No longerNe plu
Neverneniam
CannotNe povus
Should notNe devus

Now we will try to implement some of the negative expressions above into full Esperanto sentences. That way you will be able to use the word not only by itself but embedded in a structure.

Esperanto Negation in a Sentence

English Esperanto
Don't worry!Ne gravas!
I cannot remember the wordMi ne rememoras la vorto
I do not speak JapaneseMi ne parolas japana
I don't know!Mi ne scias!
I'm not fluent in Italian yetMi ne flue parolas Itala tamen
I'm not interested!Mi ne interesas tio
No one here speaks GreekNeniu tie parolas la greka
No problem!Nenia problemo
This is not correcttio ne estas korekta
This is wrongTio estas malgxusta
We don't understandNi ne komprenas
You should not forget this wordVi ne devas forgesxi tiu cxi vorto

Questions?

If you have any questions, please contact me using the Esperanto contact form on the header above.

Vocabulary List about the Human Body

Below is a list of 20 words related to human body. If you can memorize them by heart, you might be able to communicate to your doctor if you have amy pain or discomfort.

Human Body List in Esperanto

Body Esperanto
Armbrako
Backdorso
Chestbrusto
Earorelo
Eyeokulo
Facevizaĝo
Feetpiedoj
Fingersfingroj
Hairharo
Handmano
Headkapo
Heartkoro
Legkruro
Mouthbuŝo
Neckkolo
Nosenazo
Shoulderŝultro
Stomachstomako
Teethdentoj
Tonguelingvo

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Daily Conversation in Esperanto

Finally, a list of commonly used expressions about getting to know someone for the first time. For a complete list of commonly used sentences, please visit our Esperanto Phrases page. Enjoy!

Common Expressions in Esperanto

English Esperanto
He feels with his handLi sentas per sia mano
I smell with my noseMi flaras per mia nazo
She has beautiful eyesŜi havas belajn okulojn
She tastes with her tongueŜi gustas per sia lango
We see with our eyesNi vidas per niaj okuloj
You hear with your earsVi aŭdas per viaj oreloj
How old are you?Kiom aĝa estas vi?
I'm (twenty, thirty...) Years oldMi havas (dudek, tridek, ...) jarojn
Are you married?Ĉu vi estas edziĝata?
Do you have children?Ĉu vi havas infanojn?
I have to goMi devas iri
I will be right back!Mi tuj revenos!

Fun Facts

Language Quote: English is the official language of the sky! It doesn't matter which country they are from, all pilots speak in English on international flights.

Congratulations! You finished your 7th lesson in Esperanto about negation, and the human body. Are you ready for the next lesson? We recommend Esperanto Lesson 8. You can also simply click on one of the links below or go back to our Learn Esperanto homepage.