Lesson number 7 teaches an important aspect in Esperanto which is negation. I'm also including a list of vocabulary about the human body, and finally a conversation about getting to know someone. I will try to give examples using both vocabulary and grammar. That way it will be easy for you to see the words when they are separate and when they are in a sentence. Going through the whole page should take about 30 min. Make sure to read the pronunciation and hear the audio as well. If you have any question about this course, please email me directly at Esperanto Classes.
Negation is the opposite of an affirmative statement. So basically any negative expression such as "no", "never" "nothing" etc. Knowing how to use the negation form could help you double the number of expressions you could use in a sentence.
Here are some negation expressions that you might come across or use very often. The table contains 3 columns (English, Esperanto, and Audio). Make sure you repeat each word after hearing it by either clicking on the audio button or by reading the pronunciation. That should help with memorization as well as improving your pronunciation.
|Not yet||ankoraŭ ne / Tamen|
|No longer||Ne plu|
|Should not||Ne devus|
Now we will try to implement some of the negative expressions above into full Esperanto sentences. That way you will be able to use the word not only by itself but embedded in a structure.
|Don't worry!||Ne gravas!|
|I cannot remember the word||Mi ne rememoras la vorto|
|I do not speak Japanese||Mi ne parolas japana|
|I don't know!||Mi ne scias!|
|I'm not fluent in Italian yet||Mi ne flue parolas Itala tamen|
|I'm not interested!||Mi ne interesas tio|
|No one here speaks Greek||Neniu tie parolas la greka|
|No problem!||Nenia problemo|
|This is not correct||tio ne estas korekta|
|This is wrong||Tio estas malgxusta|
|We don't understand||Ni ne komprenas|
|You should not forget this word||Vi ne devas forgesxi tiu cxi vorto|
If you have any questions, please contact me using the Esperanto contact form on the header above.
Below is a list of 20 words related to human body. If you can memorize them by heart, you might be able to communicate to your doctor if you have amy pain or discomfort.
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Finally, a list of commonly used expressions about getting to know someone for the first time. For a complete list of commonly used sentences, please visit our Esperanto Phrases page. Enjoy!
|He feels with his hand||Li sentas per sia mano|
|I smell with my nose||Mi flaras per mia nazo|
|She has beautiful eyes||Ŝi havas belajn okulojn|
|She tastes with her tongue||Ŝi gustas per sia lango|
|We see with our eyes||Ni vidas per niaj okuloj|
|You hear with your ears||Vi aŭdas per viaj oreloj|
|How old are you?||Kiom aĝa estas vi?|
|I'm (twenty, thirty...) Years old||Mi havas (dudek, tridek, ...) jarojn|
|Are you married?||Ĉu vi estas edziĝata?|
|Do you have children?||Ĉu vi havas infanojn?|
|I have to go||Mi devas iri|
|I will be right back!||Mi tuj revenos!|
Language Quote: English is the official language of the sky! It doesn't matter which country they are from, all pilots speak in English on international flights.
Congratulations! You finished your 7th lesson in Esperanto about negation, and the human body. Are you ready for the next lesson? We recommend Esperanto Lesson 8. You can also simply click on one of the links below or go back to our Learn Esperanto homepage.