Comparative

Esperanto Lesson 17 (Comparative and Shopping)

Duration: 30 mins

This 17th lesson teaches the comparative form in Esperanto. In addition, I am including a vocabulary list about shopping and eating at a restaurant. I will try to give examples using both vocabulary and grammar. That way it will be easy for you to see the words when they are separate and when they are in a sentence. Going through the whole page should take about 30 min. Make sure to read the pronunciation and hear the audio as well. If you have any question about this course, please email me directly at Esperanto Classes.

Comparative

This lesson includes not only the comparative form but the superlative and the diminutive forms as well. That way you make comparisons, but also you can say what is better and what is worse.

Below is a list of 20 comparative forms that you might come across or use very often. The table contains 3 columns (English, Esperanto, and Audio). Make sure you repeat each word after hearing it by either clicking on the audio button or by reading the pronunciation. That should help with memorization as well as improving your pronunciation.

Comparative Form in Esperanto

Comparative Esperanto
As... astiom ... kiom
Tallerpli alta
Shorterpli mallonge
Youngerpli juna
Olderpli maljuna
As tall as tiom alta kiel
Taller thanpli alta ol
Shorter thanpli malalta ol
More beautifulpli bela
Less beautifulmalpli bela
Most beautifulplej bela
HappyFeliĉe
Happierpli feliĉa
Happiestplej feliĉa
You are happyVi estas feliĉa
You are as happy as MayaVi estas same feliĉa kiel Maya
You are happier than MayaVi estas pli feliĉa ol Maya
You are the happiestVi estas la plej feliĉa
Goodbona
Betterpli bona
Bestplej bona
Badmalbona
Worsepli malbona
Worstplej malbona

Questions?

If you have any questions, please contact me using the Esperanto contact form on the header above.

Vocabulary List about Shopping

Below is a list of 18 words related to shopping such as in the supermarket. If you can memorize them by heart, you will be able to buy many food necessities from the supermarket or the shopping mall without a problem.

Shopping List in Esperanto

Shopping Esperanto
Can you take less?Ĉu vi povas preni malpli?
Do you accept credit cards?Ĉu vi akceptas kreditkartojn?
How much is this?Kiom multe estas tio?
I'm just lookingMi nur rigardas
Only cash please!Nur kontantan monon, bonvolu!
This is too expensiveTio estas tre multekosta
Cafekafejo
Cashkontanta mono
Cheapmalkara, malmultekosta
Checkĉeko
Cinemakinejo
Credit cardkreditkarto
Expensivekara, multekosta
Gas stationbenzinstacio
Museummuzeo
Parkingparkejo
Pharmacyapoteko
Supermarketsuperbazaro, supermarkto

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Vocabulary List about Restaurants

Below is a list of 30 words related to eating at a restaurant. Obviously, they will come in handy if you invite someone out to dinner or order something off the menu without a problem.

Restaurant Terms in Esperanto

Restaurant Esperanto
I'm vegetarianMi estas vegetarano
It is very delicious!Estas tre franda!
May we have the check please!Ĉu ni povus ricevi la fakturon, bonvole?
The bill please!La fakturon, bonvolu!
Waiter / waitress!Kelnero / kelnerino
What do you recommend? (to eat)Kion vi rekomendas? (por manĝi)
What's the name of this dish?Kiel nomiĝas tiu manĝaĵo?
Where is there a good restaurant?Kie estas ĉi tie bona restaŭracio?
A cup oftaso da
A glass ofglaso da
Black peppernigra pipro
Breadpano
Dessertpostmanĝo, deserto
Foodmanĝaĵo
Forkforko
Knifetranĉilo
Menumenuo
Napkinbuŝtuko
Platetelero
Saladsalato
Saltsalo
Saltysaleca
Soupsupo
Spicyspica
Spoonkulero
Sweetdolĉa
Tabletablo
Tip (money for the waiter)tempo
Waterakvo

Fun Facts

Language Quote: ❝Learning a foreign language not only reveals how other societies think and feel, what they have experienced and value, and how they express themselves, it also provides a cultural mirror in which we can more clearly see our own society.❞ ?Chancellor Edward Lee Gorsuch

Congratulations! You finished your 17th lesson in Esperanto about the comparative form, shopping and eating at a restaurant. Are you ready for the next lesson? We recommend Esperanto Lesson 18. You can also simply click on one of the links below or go back to our Learn Esperanto homepage.