Imperative

Esperanto Lesson 16 (Imperative and Places)

Duration: 30 mins

This 16th lesson teaches the Esperanto imperative form. In addition you will find a vocabulary list about places and household objects. I will try to give examples using both vocabulary and grammar. That way it will be easy for you to see the words when they are separate and when they are in a sentence. Going through the whole page should take about 30 min. Make sure to read the pronunciation and hear the audio as well. If you have any question about this course, please email me directly at Esperanto Classes.

Imperative

Knowing the imperative form in Esperanto is a powerful skill. It can make it easy to ask someone to do something, and clarify what you want done.

Below is a list of 20 imperative forms and expressions that you might come across or use very often. The table contains 3 columns (English, Esperanto, and Audio). Make sure you repeat each word after hearing it by either clicking on the audio button or by reading the pronunciation. That should help with memorization as well as improving your pronunciation.

The Imperative in Esperanto

Imperative Esperanto
Go!Iru!
Stop!Haltu!
Don't Go!Ne iru!
Stay!Restu!
Leave!Foriru!
Come here!Venu ĉi tien!
Go there!Iru tien!
Enter (the room)!Eniru (la ĉambron)!
Speak!Parolu!
Be quiet!Silentu!
Turn rightturnu dekstren
Turn leftturnu maldekstren
Go straightIru rekten
Wait!Atendu!
Let's go!Ni iru!
Be careful!Estu atentema!
Sit down!Sidiĝu!
Let me show you!Lasu min montri al vi!
Listen!Aŭskultu!
Write it down!Skribu ĝin!

Questions?

If you have any questions, please contact me using the Esperanto contact form on the header above.

Vocabulary List about Places

Below is a list of 20 words about different places. Useful when talking about going somewhere.

Places in Esperanto

Places Esperanto
Bankbanko
Beachplaĝo
Desertdezerto
Earthtero
Forestarbaro
Gardenĝardeno
Hospitalhospitalo
Islandinsulo
Lakelago
Moonluno
Mountainmonto
Riverrivero
Seamaro
Skyĉielo
Starssteloj
Sunsuno
I can see the starsMi povas vidi la stelojn
I want to go to the beachMi volas iri al strando
The moon is full tonightLa luno estas plena ĉi-nokte
This is a beautiful gardenTio estas bela ĝardeno

Vocabulary List about Household Terms

Below is a list of 26 words about different household terms, including rooms, kitchen appliances ... etc.

Places in Esperanto

Household Esperanto
Bedlito
Bedroomdormoĉambro
Carpettapiŝeto
Ceilingplafono
Chairseĝo
Computerkomputilo
Deskskribtablo
Doorpordo
Furnituremeblo
Housedomo
Kitchenkuirejo
Refrigeratorfridujo
Rooftegmento
Roomĉambro
Stoveforno
Tabletablo
Televisiontelevidilo
Toilettualeto
Wallmuro
Windowfenestro

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Daily Conversation in Esperanto

Finally, here are some common expressions used to offer good wishes to someone. For a complete list of commonly used sentences, please visit our Esperanto Phrases page. Enjoy!

Common Expressions in Esperanto

English Esperanto
Can you close the door?Ĉu vi povas fermi la pordon?
Can you open the window?Ĉu vi povas malfermi la fenestron?
I need to use the computerMi necesas uzi la komputilon
I need to use the toiletMi bezonas necesejon
I'm watching televisionMi rigardas televidon
This room is very bigTiu ĉi ĉambro estas tre granda
Holiday Wishesferiad-deziroj
Good luck!Ĉion bonan!
Happy birthday!Feliĉan naskiĝtagon!
Happy new year!Feliĉan novan jaron!
Merry Christmas!Gxojan Kristnaskon!
Congratulations!Gratulojn!
Enjoy! (before eating)Bonan apetiton!
Bless you (when sneezing)Sanon
Best wishes!plej bonajn dezirojn!

Fun Facts

Language Quote: ❝Language is the road map of a culture. It tells you where its people come from and where they are going.❞ ‒Rita Mae Brown

Congratulations! You finished your 16th lesson in Esperanto about the imperative form, places and household items. Are you ready for the next lesson? We recommend Esperanto Lesson 17. You can also simply click on one of the links below or go back to our Learn Esperanto homepage.