Esperanto Lesson 10 (Determiners and People)

Duration: 30 mins

I should congratulate you since you made it to our 10th lesson about determiners, articles, and quantifiers in Esperanto. I hope you have already learned a lot so far. I will also provide in this page a vocabulary list about people, and finally some common phrases. I will try to give examples using both vocabulary and grammar. That way it will be easy for you to see the words when they are separate and when they are in a sentence. Going through the whole page should take about 30 min. Make sure to read the pronunciation and hear the audio as well. If you have any question about this course, please email me directly at Esperanto Classes.


Determiners include definite and indefinite articles (like the, a or an), demonstratives (this and that), quantifiers (many, some etc.

The following are several sentences which include the determiners mentioned above. That way you will be able to see how the determiner is used in a full sentence. The table contains 3 columns (English, Esperanto, and Audio). Make sure you repeat each word after hearing it by either clicking on the audio button or by reading the pronunciation. That should help with memorization as well as improving your pronunciation.

Determiners in Esperanto

Determiners Esperanto
The yellow pen is easy to findLa flava plumo estas facile trovebla
A yellow pen is easy to findFlava plumo estas facile trovebla
A French teacher is hereFranca instruisto estas ĉi tie
The French teacher is hereLa franca instruisto estas ĉi tie
Some languages are hardKelkaj lingvoj estas aŭdataj
Many languages are easyMultaj lingvoj estas facilaj
The student speaks KoreanLa studento parolas korean lingvon
A student speaks KoreanStudento parolas korean lingvon
Some students speak KoreanKelkaj studentoj parolas korean lingvon
Many students speak KoreanMultaj studentoj parolas korean lingvon
This student speaks KoreanTiu ĉi studento parolas korean lingvon
That student speaks KoreanTiu studento parolas korean lingvon
These students speak KoreanTiuj studentoj parolas korean lingvon
Those students speak KoreanTiuj studentoj parolas korean lingvon


If you have any questions, please contact me using the Esperanto contact form on the header above.

Vocabulary List about People

Below is a list of 24 words related to people such as family members, siblings ... etc. At the end of the list, there will be examples where those terms are used in a sentence.

People in Esperanto

People Esperanto
Child (female)infano
Child (male)infano
Cousin (female)kuzino
Cousin (male)kuzo


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Daily Conversation in Esperanto

Finally, a couple sentences that you might need to use or see very often. For a complete list of commonly used sentences, please visit our Esperanto Phrases page. Enjoy!

Common Expressions in Esperanto

English Esperanto
How old is your sister?Kiom aĝa estas via fratino?
I love my husbandMi amas mian edzon
This is my wifeĈi tiu estas mia edzino
What's your brother called?Kiel nomiĝas via frato?
Where does your father work?Kie laboras via patro?
Your daughter is very cuteVia filino estas tre ĉarma
What time is it?La kioma horo estas?
It's 10 o'clockEstas la 10-a horo
Give me this!Donu al mi tion!
I love youMi amas vin
Are you free tomorrow evening?Ĉu vi libertempas morgaŭ vespere?
I would like to invite you for dinnerMi ŝatus inviti vin por vespermanĝo

Fun Facts

Language Quote ❝If you talk to a man in a language he understands, that goes to his head. If you talk to him in his own language, that goes to his heart.❞ ‒Nelson Mandela

Congratulations! You finished your 10th lesson in Esperanto about determiners, people and jobs. Are you ready for the next lesson? We recommend Esperanto Lesson 11. You can also simply click on one of the links below or go back to our Learn Esperanto homepage.