Esperanto Lesson 5 (Feminine and Clothes)

Duration: 30 mins

The 5th Esperanto lesson teaches the use of the gender by creating the feminine from the masculine form. In addition to that, I included a vocabulary list about clothes and finally common phrases about origins. I will try to give examples using both vocabulary and grammar. That way it will be easy for you to see the words when they are separate and when they are in a sentence. Going through the whole page should take about 30 min. Make sure to read the pronunciation and hear the audio as well. If you have any question about this course, please email me directly at Esperanto Classes.


Knowing how to derive the feminine from the masculine form is very useful. It can make it easy to have a conversation about family members, pets, or professions. An example would be: "man", "woman", "Cat (fem.)", "cat (masc.)" etc.

Below is a list of 12 masculine and feminine forms that you might come across or use very often. The table contains 3 columns (English, Esperanto, and Audio). Make sure you repeat each word after hearing it by either clicking on the audio button or by reading the pronunciation. That should help with memorization as well as improving your pronunciation.

Masculine vs. Feminine in Esperanto

Feminine Esperanto
Cat (Masc.)virkato
Cat (Fem.)katino

Now we will try to implement some of the forms above into full Esperanto sentences. That way you will be able to use the word not only by itself but embedded in a structure.

Esperanto Gender in a Sentence

English Esperanto
He is tallLi estas granda
She is tallŜi estas granda
He is a short manLi estas malgranda viro
She is a short womanŜi estas malgranda virino
He is GermanLi estas germano
She is GermanŜi estas germanino
Japanese men are friendlyJapanaj viroj estas afablaj
Japanese women are friendlyJapanaj virinoj estas afablaj


If you have any questions, please contact me using the Esperanto contact form on the header above.

Vocabulary List about Clothes

Below is a list of 20 words related to clothes and wearable accessories. Memorizing them by heart can make it easy for you to shop for clothes and maybe get some good bargains.

Clothes List in Esperanto

Clothes Esperanto
Beltrimeno, zono
Pants (Trousers)pantalono
Umbrellaombrelo, pluvombrelo
Walletmonujo, monbiletujo


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Daily Conversation in Esperanto

Finally, these are a couple of phrases used in conversations to express where you are from or where you live etc. For a complete list of commonly used sentences, please visit our Esperanto Phrases page.

Common Expressions in Esperanto

Do you like my dress?Ĉu vi ŝatas mian robon?
I lost my socksMi perdis miajn ŝtrumpetojn
It looks good on youĜi bone aspektas sur vi
She has a beautiful ringŜi havas belan ringon
These pants (trousers) are longTiuj panatalonoj estas longaj
These shoes are smallTiuj ŝuoj estas malgrandaj
Where are you from?De kie vi estas?
I'm from the U.SMi estas de Usono
I'm AmericanMi estas Usonano
Where do you live?Kie vi vivas?
I live in the U.SMi vivas en Usono
Do you like it here?Ĉu vi ŝatas esti tie?

Fun Facts

Language Quote: It has been estimated that the number of actively spoken languages in the world today is about 6,000..

Congratulations! You finished your 5th lesson in Esperanto about masculine, feminine, and clothes. Are you ready for the next lesson? We recommend Esperanto Lesson 6. You can also simply click on one of the links below or go back to our Learn Esperanto homepage.