Present Tense

Esperanto Lesson 13 (Present Tense & Survival)

Duration: 30 mins

This 13th lesson deals with the present tense in Esperanto. In addition I included a vocabulary list about survival and emergencies. I will try to give examples using both vocabulary and grammar. That way it will be easy for you to see the words when they are separate and when they are in a sentence. Going through the whole page should take about 30 min. Make sure to read the pronunciation and hear the audio as well. If you have any question about this course, please email me directly at Esperanto Classes.


The present is one of the 3 tenses (past, present, and future) we will be discussing in the next 3 lessons. So it is recommended not to skip any of them because they are all related.

Below is a list of 15 sentences conjugated into the present tense. I focused on the examples you might come across or use very often. The table contains 3 columns (English, Esperanto, and Audio). Make sure you repeat each word after hearing it by either clicking on the audio button or by reading the pronunciation. That should help with memorization as well as improving your pronunciation.

Present Tense in Esperanto

Present Esperanto
I see youMi vidas vin
I write with a penMi skribas per plumo
You love applesVi amas pomojn
You give moneyVi donas monon
You play tennisVi ludas tenison
He reads a bookLi legas libron
He understands meLi komprenas min
She has a catŜi havas katon
She knows my friendŜi konas mian amikon
We want to learnNi volas lerni
We think Spanish is easyNi pensas, ke la hispana lingvo estas facila
You (plural) work hereVi laboras ĉi tie
You (plural) speak FrenchVi parolas la francan lingvon
They drive a carIli stiras aŭtomobilon
They smileIli ridetas


If you have any questions, please contact me using the Esperanto contact form on the header above.

Survival Expressions

Below is a list of 28 words related to survival expressions such as emergencies, and calling for help. If you can memorize them by heart, you will be able to communicate better when in distress or when providing help to someone else who is in need.

Survival Expressions in Esperanto

Heart attackkoratako
Help mehelpu min
Stomach achestomaka doloro


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Daily Conversation in Esperanto

Finally, here are some common sentences to strengthen your conversation skills. For a complete list of commonly used sentences, please visit our Esperanto Phrases page. Enjoy!

Common Expressions in Esperanto

Are you okay?ĉu vi bonfartas?
Call a doctor!alvoku kuraciston!
Call the ambulance!alvoku ambulancon
Call the police!alvoku la policon
Calm down!Kvietiĝu!
I feel sickMi sentas min malsana
It hurts hereDoloras ĉi tie
It's urgent!Estas urĝa!
Where is the closest pharmacy?kie estas la plej proksima apoteko?
You look beautiful! (to a woman)Vi aspektas bele
You have a beautiful nameVi havas belan nomon
This is my wifeĈi tiu estas mia edzino
This is my husbandTiu estas mia edzo

Fun Facts

Language Quote: ❝To have another language is to possess a second soul.❞ ‒Charlemagne

Congratulations! You finished your 13th lesson in Esperanto about the present tense, and survival expressions. Are you ready for the next lesson? We recommend Esperanto Lesson 14. You can also simply click on one of the links below or go back to our Learn Esperanto homepage.