This 14th lesson deals with the past tense in Esperanto. In addition I included a vocabulary list about colors, as well as some basic phrases. I will try to give examples using both vocabulary and grammar. That way it will be easy for you to see the words when they are separate and when they are in a sentence. Going through the whole page should take about 30 min. Make sure to read the pronunciation and hear the audio as well. If you have any question about this course, please email me directly at Esperanto Classes.
Below is a list of 15 sentences conjugated into the past tense. I focused on the examples you might come across or use very often. The table contains 3 columns (English, Esperanto, and Audio). Make sure you repeat each word after hearing it by either clicking on the audio button or by reading the pronunciation. That should help with memorization as well as improving your pronunciation.
|I saw you||Mi vidis vin|
|I wrote with a pen||Mi skribis per plumo|
|You loved apples||Vi ŝatis pomojn|
|You gave money||Vi donis monon|
|You played tennis||Vi ludis tenison|
|He read (past tense) a book||Li legis libron|
|He understood me||Li komprenis min|
|She had a cat||Ŝi havis katon|
|She knew my friend||Ŝi konis mian amikon|
|We wanted to learn||Ni volis lerni|
|We thought Spanish is easy||Ni pensis, ke la hispana lingvo estas facila|
|You (plural) worked here||Vi laboris ĉi tie|
|You (plural) spoke French||Vi parolis francan lingvon|
|They drove a car||Ili stiris aŭtomobilon|
|They smiled||Ili ridetis|
If you have any questions, please contact me using the Esperanto contact form on the header above.
Below is a list of 18 words and expressions related to colors.
|Dark color||malhela koloro|
|Light color||hela koloro|
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Finally, here are some common sentences to strengthen your conversation skills. For a complete list of commonly used sentences, please visit our Esperanto Phrases page. Enjoy!
|Black is his favorite color||Nigra estas lia favora koloro.|
|I have black hair||Mi havas nigran hararon.|
|Red is not his favorite color||Ruĝa ne estas lia favora koloro.|
|She drives a yellow car||Ŝi stiras flavan automobilon.|
|The sky is blue||La ĉielo estas blua.|
|Your cat is white||Via kato estas blanka.|
|I enjoyed myself very much||Mi tre ĝuis|
|I agree with you||Mi koincidas kun vi|
|Are you sure?||Ĉu vi certas?|
|Be careful!||Estu atentema!|
|Cheers!||Je via sano!|
|Would you like to go for a walk?||Ĉu vi ŝatus fari promenon?|
Language Quote: ❝To have another language is to possess a second soul.❞ ‒Charlemagne
Congratulations! You finished your 14th lesson in Esperanto about the past tense, and a vocabulary list about colors. Are you ready for the next lesson? We recommend Esperanto Lesson 15. You can also simply click on one of the links below or go back to our Learn Esperanto homepage.