Past Tense

Esperanto Lesson 14 (Past Tense & Colors)

Duration: 30 mins

This 14th lesson deals with the past tense in Esperanto. In addition I included a vocabulary list about colors, as well as some basic phrases. I will try to give examples using both vocabulary and grammar. That way it will be easy for you to see the words when they are separate and when they are in a sentence. Going through the whole page should take about 30 min. Make sure to read the pronunciation and hear the audio as well. If you have any question about this course, please email me directly at Esperanto Classes.


The past is one of the 3 tenses (present, past, and future) we will be discussing in the next 3 lessons. So it is recommended not to skip any of them because they are all related.

Below is a list of 15 sentences conjugated into the past tense. I focused on the examples you might come across or use very often. The table contains 3 columns (English, Esperanto, and Audio). Make sure you repeat each word after hearing it by either clicking on the audio button or by reading the pronunciation. That should help with memorization as well as improving your pronunciation.

Past Tense in Esperanto

Past Esperanto
I saw youMi vidis vin
I wrote with a penMi skribis per plumo
You loved applesVi ŝatis pomojn
You gave moneyVi donis monon
You played tennisVi ludis tenison
He read (past tense) a bookLi legis libron
He understood meLi komprenis min
She had a catŜi havis katon
She knew my friendŜi konis mian amikon
We wanted to learnNi volis lerni
We thought Spanish is easyNi pensis, ke la hispana lingvo estas facila
You (plural) worked hereVi laboris ĉi tie
You (plural) spoke FrenchVi parolis francan lingvon
They drove a carIli stiris aŭtomobilon
They smiledIli ridetis


If you have any questions, please contact me using the Esperanto contact form on the header above.

List of Colors in Esperanto

Below is a list of 18 words and expressions related to colors.

Colors in Esperanto

Colors Esperanto
Dark colormalhela koloro
Light colorhela koloro


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Daily Conversation in Esperanto

Finally, here are some common sentences to strengthen your conversation skills. For a complete list of commonly used sentences, please visit our Esperanto Phrases page. Enjoy!

Common Expressions in Esperanto

English Esperanto
Black is his favorite colorNigra estas lia favora koloro.
I have black hairMi havas nigran hararon.
Red is not his favorite colorRuĝa ne estas lia favora koloro.
She drives a yellow carŜi stiras flavan automobilon.
The sky is blueLa ĉielo estas blua.
Your cat is whiteVia kato estas blanka.
I enjoyed myself very muchMi tre ĝuis
I agree with youMi koincidas kun vi
Are you sure?Ĉu vi certas?
Be careful!Estu atentema!
Cheers!Je via sano!
Would you like to go for a walk?Ĉu vi ŝatus fari promenon?

Fun Facts

Language Quote: ❝To have another language is to possess a second soul.❞ ‒Charlemagne

Congratulations! You finished your 14th lesson in Esperanto about the past tense, and a vocabulary list about colors. Are you ready for the next lesson? We recommend Esperanto Lesson 15. You can also simply click on one of the links below or go back to our Learn Esperanto homepage.