Esperanto Lesson 3 (Plural and Languages)

Duration: 30 mins

The 3rd lesson is about the plural in Esperanto and how to create it from the singular form. In addition, I will include a list of vocabulary about languages, nationalities, and countries. Finally, you will find some common everyday sentences. I will try to give examples using both vocabulary and grammar. That way it will be easy for you to see the words when they are separate and when they are in a sentence. Going through the whole page should take about 30 min. Make sure to read the pronunciation and hear the audio as well. If you have any question about this course, please email me directly at Esperanto Classes.


Knowing how to create the plural from the singular word can double the vocabulary you already know. It can make it easy to have a conversation about different topics by simply knowing some grammatical rules. For example how to change the word "book" to "books" or "woman" to "women".

Below is a list of singular words and their plural equivalent. I included examples about nature as well as about humans. The table contains 3 columns (English, Esperanto, and Audio). Make sure you repeat each word after hearing it by either clicking on the audio button or by reading the pronunciation. That should help with memorization as well as improving your pronunciation.

Singular vs. Plural in Esperanto

English Esperanto

Now we will try to implement some of the words above into full Esperanto sentences. That way you will be able to see how both forms are used when embedded in a structure.

Singular vs. Plural in a Sentence

English Esperanto
We speak two languagesNi parolas du lingvojn
They speak four languagesIli parolas kvar lingvojn
I visited one countryMi vizitis unu landon
She visited three countriesŜi vizitis tri landojn
She has one sisterŜi havas unu fratinon
He has two sistersLi havas du fratinojn


If you have any questions, please contact me using the Esperanto contact form on the header above.

Vocabulary List about Languages, Nationalities, and Countries

Below is a list of 50 words related to languages, nationalities, and countries. If you can memorize them by heart, you will be able to have a good conversation about how many languages you speak or where you came from.

Languages Nationalities and Countries List in Esperanto

English Esperanto
Arabic (language)araba
Moroccan (nationality)Maroka
Morocco (country)maroko
Brazilian (language)brazila
Brazilian (nationality)Brazilana
Brazil (country)Brazilo
Chinese (language)ĉina
Chinese (nationality)Cxinia
China (country)ĉinio
English (language)Esperanto
British (nationality)Brita
Britain (country)Britio
American (nationality)Amerikana
America (country)Ameriko
French (language)franca
French (nationality)franca
France (country)francio
German (language)germana
German (nationality)Germana
Germany (country)germanio
Greek (language)greka
Greek (nationality)Greka
Greece (country)grekio
Hindi (language)hindia
Indian (nationality)Ameriandiana Indiana / Hinda
India (country)indujo
Irish (language)Irlanda
Irish (nationality)Irlanda
Ireland (country)Irlando
Italian (language)itala
Italian (nationality)Itala
Italy (country)italo
Japanese (language)japana
Japanese (nationality)Japana
Japan (country)japanio
Korean (language)Korea
Korean (nationality)Korea
Korea (country)Koreo
Persian (language)Persa
Iranian (nationality)Irania
Iran (country)Irano
Portuguese (language)portugala
Portuguese (nationality)Portugala
Portugal (country)Portugalo
Russian (language)rusa
Russian (nationality)Rusa
Russia (country)rusio
Spanish (language)hispana
Spanish (nationality)Hispana
Spain (country)hispanio


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Daily Conversation in Esperanto

Finally, a list of sentences about languages, nationalities, and countries plus some bonus phrases. For a complete list of commonly used sentences, please visit our Esperanto Phrases page. Enjoy!

Common Expressions in Esperanto

English Esperanto
I don't speak KoreanMi ne parolas la korea
I love the Japanese languageMi amas Japana Lingvo
I speak ItalianMi parolas la italan lingvon
I want to learn SpanishMi volas lerni la Hispanan lingvon
My mother tongue is GermanMia denaska lingvo estas la germana
Spanish is easy to learnHispana estas facxila por lerni
He has a Moroccan rugLi havas unuan morokan tapisxeton
I have an American carMian automobilo estas amerikana
I love French cheeseMi amas la franca fromagxio
I'm ItalianMi estas Itala
My father is GreekMian Patro estas Greka
My wife is KoreanMian edzino estas Korean
Have you ever been to India?Ĉu vi iam estis en Hindio?
I came from SpainMi venas de Hispanio
I live in AmericaMi vivas en Ameriko
I want to go to GermanyMi volas iri al Germanio
I was born in ItalyMi naskiĝis en Italio
Japan is a beautiful countryJapanio estas bela lando
Long time no seeDum longa tempo nenia renkonto
I missed youVi mankis al mi
What's new?Kio novas?
Nothing newNenio nova
Make yourself at home!Faru al vi hejme!
Have a good tripHavu bonan vojaĝon

Fun Facts

Language Quote that by simply knowing how to form the plural, you can double the number of nouns in your vocabulary, without having to memorize all the plural form.

Congratulations! You finished your third lesson in Esperanto about singular, plural, languages, nationalities, and countries. Are you ready for the next lesson? We recommend Esperanto Lesson 4. You can also simply click on one of the links below or go back to our Learn Esperanto homepage.