Plural

Gujarati Lesson 3 (Plural and Languages)

Duration: 30 mins

The 3rd lesson is about the plural in Gujarati and how to create it from the singular form. In addition, I will include a list of vocabulary about languages, nationalities, and countries. Finally, you will find some common everyday sentences. I will try to give examples using both vocabulary and grammar. That way it will be easy for you to see the words when they are separate and when they are in a sentence. Going through the whole page should take about 30 min. Make sure to read the pronunciation and hear the audio as well. If you have any question about this course, please email me directly at Gujarati Classes.

Plural

Knowing how to create the plural from the singular word can double the vocabulary you already know. It can make it easy to have a conversation about different topics by simply knowing some grammatical rules. For example how to change the word "book" to "books" or "woman" to "women".

Below is a list of singular words and their plural equivalent. I included examples about nature as well as about humans. The table contains 3 columns (English, Gujarati, and Audio). Make sure you repeat each word after hearing it by either clicking on the audio button or by reading the pronunciation. That should help with memorization as well as improving your pronunciation.

Singular vs. Plural in Gujarati

English Gujarati
Countryદેશ
dēśa
Countriesદેશો
dēśō
Lakeસરોવર
sarōvara
Lakesસરોવરો
sarōvarō
Languageભાષા
bhāṣā
Languagesભાષાઓ
bhāṣā'ō
Womanસ્ત્રી
strī
Womenસ્ત્રીઓ
strī'ō
Manપુરુષ
puruṣa
Menપુરૂષો
purūṣō
Boyછોકરો
chōkarō
Boysછોકરાઓ
chōkarā'ō
Girlછોકરી
chōkarī
Girlsછોકરીઓ
chōkarī'ō

Now we will try to implement some of the words above into full Gujarati sentences. That way you will be able to see how both forms are used when embedded in a structure.

Singular vs. Plural in a Sentence

English Gujarati
We speak two languagesઅમે બે ભાષા બોલીએ છીએ
amē bē bhāṣā bōlī'ē chī'ē
They speak four languagesતેઓ ચાર ભાષા બોલે છે
tē'ō cāra bhāṣā bōlē chē
I visited one countryમેં એક દેશની મુલાકાત લીધી
mēṁ ēka dēśanī mulākāta līdhī
She visited three countriesતેણે ત્રણ દેશોની મુલાકાત લીધી
tēṇē traṇa dēśōnī mulākāta līdhī
She has one sisterતેણીને એક બહેન છે
tēṇīnē ēka bahēna chē
He has two sistersતેને બે બહેનો છે
tēnē bē bahēnō chē

Questions?

If you have any questions, please contact me using the Gujarati contact form on the header above.

Vocabulary List about Languages, Nationalities, and Countries

Below is a list of 50 words related to languages, nationalities, and countries. If you can memorize them by heart, you will be able to have a good conversation about how many languages you speak or where you came from.

Languages Nationalities and Countries List in Gujarati

English Gujarati
Arabic (language)અરબી ભાષા
arabī bhāṣā
Moroccan (nationality)મોરોક્કન
mōrōkkana
Morocco (country)મોરોક્કો
mōrōkkō
Brazilian (language)બ્રાઝિલિયન
brājhiliyana
Brazilian (nationality)બ્રાઝિલિઅન
brājhili'ana
Brazil (country)બ્રાઝિલ
brājhila
Chinese (language)ચીની
cīnī
Chinese (nationality)ચાઈનીઝ
cā'īnījha
China (country)ચાઇના
cā'inā
English (language)Gujarati
Gujarati
British (nationality)બ્રિટિશ
briṭiśa
Britain (country)બ્રિટન
briṭana
American (nationality)અમેરિકન
amērikana
America (country)અમેરિકા
amērikā
French (language)ફ્રાંસ ની ભાષા
phrānsa nī bhāṣā
French (nationality)ફ્રેન્ચ
phrēnca
France (country)ફ્રાંસ
phrānsa
German (language)જર્મન
jarmana
German (nationality)જર્મન
jarmana
Germany (country)જર્મની
jarmanī
Greek (language)greece ની ભાષા
greece nī bhāṣā
Greek (nationality)ગ્રીક
grīka
Greece (country)ગ્રીસ
grīsa
Hindi (language)હિન્દી
hindī
Indian (nationality)ભારતીય
bhāratīya
India (country)ભારત
bhārata
Irish (language)આઈરિશ
ā'īriśa
Irish (nationality)આઈરિશ
ā'īriśa
Ireland (country)આયર્લેન્ડ
āyarlēnḍa
Italian (language)ઇટાલી ની ભાષા
iṭālī nī bhāṣā
Italian (nationality)ઈટાલિઅન
īṭāli'ana
Italy (country)ઇટાલી
iṭālī
Japanese (language)જાપાની ભાષા
jāpānī bhāṣā
Japanese (nationality)જાપાનીઝ
jāpānījha
Japan (country)જાપાન
jāpāna
Korean (language)કોરિઅન
kōri'ana
Korean (nationality)કોરિઅન
kōri'ana
Korea (country)કોરિયા
kōriyā
Persian (language)ફારસી
phārasī
Iranian (nationality)ઈરાની,ફારસી
īrānī,phārasī
Iran (country)ઈરાન, persia
īrāna, persia
Portuguese (language)પોર્ટુગીઝ
pōrṭugījha
Portuguese (nationality)પોર્ટુગીઝ
pōrṭugījha
Portugal (country)પોર્ટુગલ
pōrṭugala
Russian (language)રશિયન
raśiyana
Russian (nationality)રશિયન
raśiyana
Russia (country)રશિયા
raśiyā
Spanish (language)સ્પેઇનનું
spē'inanuṁ
Spanish (nationality)સ્પેનિશ
spēniśa
Spain (country)સ્પેઇન
spē'ina

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Daily Conversation in Gujarati

Finally, a list of sentences about languages, nationalities, and countries plus some bonus phrases. For a complete list of commonly used sentences, please visit our Gujarati Phrases page. Enjoy!

Common Expressions in Gujarati

English Gujarati
Languages
I don't speak Koreanહું કોરિયન બોલતો/બોલતી નથી
huṁ kōriyana bōlatō/bōlatī nathī
I love the Japanese languageમને જાપાનીઝ ભાષા ખૂબ ગમે છે
manē jāpānījha bhāṣā khūba gamē chē
I speak Italianહું ઈટાલિઅન બોલું છું
huṁ īṭāli'ana bōluṁ chuṁ
I want to learn Spanishહું સ્પેનિશ શીખવા માંગું છું
huṁ spēniśa śīkhavā māṅguṁ chuṁ
My mother tongue is Germanમારી માતૃભાષા જર્મન છે
mārī mātr̥bhāṣā jarmana chē
Spanish is easy to learnસ્પેનિશ શીખવું સરળ છે
spēniśa śīkhavuṁ saraḷa chē
Origins
He has a Moroccan rugતેની પાસે મોરોક્કન ગાલીચો છે
tēnī pāsē mōrōkkana gālīcō chē
I have an American carમારી પાસે અમેરિકન કાર છે
mārī pāsē amērikana kāra chē
I love French cheeseમને ફ્રેન્ચ ચીઝ ગમે છે
manē phrēnca cījha gamē chē
I'm Italianહું ઈટાલિઅન છું
huṁ īṭāli'ana chuṁ
My father is Greekમારા પિતા ગ્રીક છે
mārā pitā grīka chē
My wife is Koreanમારી પત્ની કોરિયન છે
mārī patnī kōriyana chē
Countries
Have you ever been to India?શું તમે ક્યારેય ભારત આવ્યા છો?
śuṁ tamē kyārēya bhārata āvyā chō?
I came from Spainહું સ્પેનથી આવ્યો છું
Huṁ spēnathī āvyō chuṁ
I live in Americaહું અમેરિકામાં રહું છું
huṁ amērikāmāṁ rahuṁ chuṁ
I want to go to Germanyહું જર્મની જવા માંગું છું
huṁ jarmanī javā māṅguṁ chuṁ
I was born in Italyમારો જન્મ ઈટાલીમાં થયો હતો
mārō janma īṭālīmāṁ thayō hatō
Japan is a beautiful countryજાપાન એક સુંદર દેશ છે
jāpāna ēka sundara dēśa chē
Phrases
Long time no seeઘણા સમય થી મુલાકાત નથી થઇ
ghaṇā samaya thī mulākāta nathī tha'i 
I missed youતમારી ખોટ લાગી
tamārī khōṭa lāgī 
What's new?નવું શું છે
navuṁ śuṁ chē 
Nothing newકશું નવું નથી
kaśuṁ navuṁ nathī 
Make yourself at home!તમારું ઘર સમજજો
tamāruṁ ghara samajajō 
Have a good tripઆપની મુસાફરી સારી રહે
āpanī musāpharī sārī rahē 

Fun Facts

Language Quote that by simply knowing how to form the plural, you can double the number of nouns in your vocabulary, without having to memorize all the plural form.

Congratulations! You finished your third lesson in Gujarati about singular, plural, languages, nationalities, and countries. Are you ready for the next lesson? We recommend Gujarati Lesson 4. You can also simply click on one of the links below or go back to our Learn Gujarati homepage.