Verbs

Gujarati Lesson 12 (Verbs and Time)

Duration: 30 mins

This is the 12th lesson about Gujarati verbs, as well as time expressions such as hours, days, and months. Finally some simple common phrases. I will try to give examples using both vocabulary and grammar. That way it will be easy for you to see the words when they are separate and when they are in a sentence. Going through the whole page should take about 30 min. Make sure to read the pronunciation and hear the audio as well. If you have any question about this course, please email me directly at Gujarati Classes.

Verbs

Before we move on to lessons about the present, past, and future, we need to discuss verbs in general. The verb is the second most used part of speech after the noun. That means we need to pay more attention to its different forms and tenses.

Below is a list of 16 verbs that you might come across or use very often. They are in their raw format (not conjugated yet). The table contains 3 columns (English, Gujarati, and Audio). Make sure you repeat each word after hearing it by either clicking on the audio button or by reading the pronunciation. That should help with memorization as well as improving your pronunciation.

Verbs List in Gujarati

Verbs Gujarati
To driveહંકારવું, drive કરવું
haṅkāravuṁ, drive karavuṁ
To findહંકારવું,ચલાવવું
haṅkāravuṁ,calāvavuṁ
To giveઆપવું
āpavuṁ
To haveહોવું
hōvuṁ
To knowજાણવું
jāṇavuṁ
To learnશીખવું
śīkhavuṁ
To loveપ્રેમ કરવો
prēma karavō
To playરમવું
ramavuṁ
To readવાંચવું
vān̄cavuṁ
To seeજોવું
jōvuṁ
To smileસ્મિત કરવું
smita karavuṁ
To speakબોલવું
bōlavuṁ
To thinkવિચારવું
vicāravuṁ
To understandસમજવું
samajavuṁ
To workકામ કરવું
kāma karavuṁ
To writeલખવું
lakhavuṁ

Here is an example of the verb "to understand" conjugated into the past, present, and future.

Verb "to understand" in a Sentence

He understands meતે મને સમજે છે
tē manē samajē chē
He understood meતે મને સમજ્યો હતો
tē manē samajyō hatō
He will understand meતે મને સમજશે
tē manē samajaśa

Questions?

If you have any questions, please contact me using the Gujarati contact form on the header above.

Vocabulary List about Time

Below is a list of 30 words related to time such as hours, days and months. If you can memorize them by heart, you will be able to discuss time related topics more easily.

Time in Gujarati

Time Gujarati
Daysદિવસ
Divasa
Mondayસોમવાર
sōmavāra
Tuesdayમંગળવાર
maṅgaḷavāra
Wednesdayબુધવાર
budhavāra
Thursdayગુરુવાર
guruvāra
Fridayશુક્રવાર
śukravāra
Saturdayશનિવાર
śanivāra
Sundayરવિવાર
ravivāra
Januaryજાન્યુઆરી
jān'yu'ārī
Februaryફેબ્રુઆરી
phēbru'ārī
Marchમાર્ચ
mārca
Aprilએપ્રિલ
ēprila
Mayમે
Juneજૂન
jūna
Julyજુલાઈ
julā'ī
Augustઑગસ્ટ
ŏgasṭa
Septemberસપ્ટેમ્બર
sapṭēmbara
Octoberઑક્ટોબર
ŏkṭōbara
Novemberનવેમ્બર
navēmbara
Decemberડિસેમ્બર
ḍisēmbara
Autumnપાનખર
pānakhara 
Winterશિયાળો
śiyāḷō 
Springવસંત
vasanta 
Summerઉનાળો
unāḷō 
Seasonsઋતુઓ, મૌસમ
r̥tu'ō, mausama 
Monthsમહિના
mahinā
Timeસમય
samaya 
Hourકલાક
kalāka 
Minuteક્ષણ પળ
kṣaṇa paḷa
Secondબીજું
bījuṁ

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Daily Conversation in Gujarati

Finally, here are some popular phrases you might need to use daily. For a complete list of commonly used sentences, please visit our Gujarati Phrases page. Enjoy!

Common Expressions in Gujarati

English Gujarati
I was born in Julyહું જુલાઈમાં જન્મ્યો હતો
huṁ julā'īmāṁ janmyō hatō 
I will visit you in Augustહું તમને ઔગસ્ટમાં મળીશ
huṁ tamanē augasṭamāṁ maḷīśa 
See you tomorrow!કાલે મળીશું
kālē maḷīśuṁ 
Today is Mondayઆજે સોમવાર છે
ājē sōmavāra chē 
Winter is very cold hereઅહીંયા શિયાળામાં બહુ ઠંડી પડે છે.
ahīnyā śiyāḷāmāṁ bahu ṭhaṇḍī paḍē chē.
Yesterday was Sundayકાલે રવિવાર હતો
Kālē ravivāra hatō 
Are you married?શું તમે પરિણીત છો , શું તમે વિવાહિત છો
śuṁ tamē pariṇīta chō, śuṁ tamē vivāhita chō
I'm singleહું અપરિણીત છું, હું અવિવાહિત છું
huṁ apariṇīta chuṁ, huṁ avivāhita chuṁ 
Would you marry me?તમે મારી સાથે લગ્ન કરશો
tamē mārī sāthē lagna karaśō 
Can I have your phone number?તમારો ફોન નંબર આપશો
tamārō phōna nambara āpaśō 
Can I have your email?તમારો ઇમૈલ આપશો
tamārō imaila āpaśō 

Fun Facts

Language Quote: ❝Learn everything you can, anytime you can, from anyone you can; there will always come a time when you will be grateful you did.❞ ‒Sarah Caldwell

Congratulations! You finished your 12th lesson in Gujarati about verbs, and time. Are you ready for the next lesson? We recommend Gujarati Lesson 13. You can also simply click on one of the links below or go back to our Learn Gujarati homepage.