Pronouns

Japanese Lesson 8 (Pronouns and Travel)

Duration: 30 mins

The 8th lesson contains the Japanese pronouns including the subject, object and possessive forms. In addition, you will find a vocabulary list about travel and finally some general common phrases. I will try to give examples using both vocabulary and grammar. That way it will be easy for you to see the words when they are separate and when they are in a sentence. Going through the whole page should take about 30 min. Make sure to read the pronunciation and hear the audio as well. If you have any question about this course, please email me directly at Japanese Classes.

Pronouns

Pronouns are a must to learn because they are part of almost every sentence. They make up about 20% of the daily language use which includes the subject, object and possessive pronoun. If there is an lesson you should NOT skip, this would be one of them.

We will start with the subject pronouns since it's the most used of the 4 forms that you might come across or use very often. The table contains 3 columns (English, Japanese, and Audio). Make sure you repeat each word after hearing it by either clicking on the audio button or by reading the pronunciation. That should help with memorization as well as improving your pronunciation.

Subject Pronouns in Japanese

Pronouns Japanese
I私は [watasi wa]
Youあなたは [anata wa]
He彼は [kare wa]
She彼女は [kanojo wa]
We私たちは [watashi tachi wa]
You (plural)あなた方は [anata-gata wa]
They彼らは [karera wa]
I love you私はあなたを愛しています [Watasi wa anata wo aishite imasu.]
She is beautiful彼女は美しい。 [Kanojo wa utsukusii desu.]
They are dancing彼らは踊っています。 [Karera wa odotte imasu.]
We are happy私たちは幸せです。 [Watashi tachi wa shiawase desu.]

Object pronouns are another important one you should make sure you master.

Object Pronouns in Japanese

Pronouns Japanese
Me私を [watasi o]
Youあなたを [anata o]
Him彼を [kare o]
Her彼女を [kanojo o]
Us私たちを [watashi tachi o]
You (plural)あなた達 [anata tachi o]
Them彼らを [karera o]
Can you call us?私達に電話してもらえますか? [Watasi tachi ni denwa shite morae masuka?]
Give me your phone number私にあなたの電話番号を教えてください。 [Watasi ni anata no dennwa bangou wo osiete kudasai.]
I can give you my email私はあなたへ私のメールを送ります。 [Watasi wa anata e watashi no meeru wo okuri masu.]
Tell him to call me私に電話するように、彼に言ってください。 [Watasi ni dennwa suru youni, kare ni itte kudasai.]

Now we will discuss the possessive pronoun also called possessive determiners which is very straight forward and self explanatory. You use it when you want to express that something belongs to you but usually it comes before a noun.

Possessive Pronouns Japanese

Pronouns Japanese
My私の [watasi no]
Yourあなたの [anata no]
His彼の [kare no]
Her彼女の [kanojo no]
Our私たちの [watasi tachi no]
Your (plural)あなた達の [anata tachi no]
Their彼らの [karera no]
His email is...彼のメールアドレスは ... です。 [Kare no meeru adoresu wa ... desu.]
My phone number is...私の電話番号は ... です。 [Watasi no denwa bangou wa ... desu.]
Our dream is to visit Spain私達の夢はスペインを訪問することです。 [Watasi tachi no yume wa Supein wo houmon suru koto desu.]
Their country is beautiful彼らの国は美しいです。 [Karera no kuni wa utsukushii desu.]

Questions?

If you have any questions, please contact me If you simply want to ask a question, please Japanese contact form on the header above.

As for the possessive case of the pronoun, it is used differently because it does not have to come before a noun. Check out the examples!

Possessive Case of the Pronoun in Japanese

Pronouns Japanese
Mine私のもの [watasi no mono]
Yoursあなたのもの [anata no mono]
His彼のもの [kare no mono]
Hers彼女のもの [kanojo no mono]
Ours私たちのもの [watasi tachi no mono]
Yours (plural)あなた達のもの(複数形) [anata tachi no mono (fukusuu kei)]
Theirs彼たちの [kare tachi no]
Is this pen yours?このペンはあなたのものですか? [Kono pen wa anatano mono desuka?]
The book is mineその本は私のものです。 [Sono hon wa watasi no mono desu.]
The shoes are hersその靴は彼女のものです。 [Sono kutsu wa kanojo no mono desu.]
Victory is ours勝利は我々のものだ。 [Shouri wa ware ware no mono da.]

Vocabulary List about Travel

Below is a list of 31 words and expressions related to travel such as means of transportation, lodging and tourism. If you memorize them by heart, you will be able to get around the country and ask for directions much easier than if you did not.

Travel List in Japanese

Travel Japanese
Airplane飛行機 [hikouki]
Airport空港 [kuukou]
Busバス [basu]
Bus stationバス停留所、バス停 [baru teiryuujyo, basu tei]
Car車 [kuruma]
Flight飛行機便、フライト [hikouki bin, furaito]
For business仕事で [sigoto de]
For pleasureレジャーで [rejya de]
Help Desk案内所 [annaisho]
Hotelホテル [hoteru]
Luggage手荷物 [tenimotsu]
Parking駐車(場) [shuusha (jyou)]
Passportパスポート [pasupōto]
Reservation予約 [yoyaku]
Taxiタクシー [takusī]
Ticketチケット [chiketto]
To travel旅行すること [ryokou suru koto]
Tourism観光 [kankoo]
Train (noun)電車(名詞) [densha (meisi)]
Train station駅 [eki]
By train汽車で [kisha de]
By car車で [kuruma de]
By busバスで [basu de]
By taxiタクシーで [takusii de]
By airplane飛行機で [hikouki de]

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Daily Conversation in Japanese

Finally, a list of sentences that you might need or see often. For a complete list of commonly used sentences, please visit our Japanese Phrases page. Enjoy!

Common Expressions in Japanese

English Japanese
Do you accept credit cards?カード払いでいいですか? [Kaado barai de iidesuka?]
How much will it cost?費用はいくらですか? [Hiyou ha ikura desuka?]
I have a reservation予約しています。 [Yoyaku site imasu.]
I'd like to rent a carレンタカーをお願いします。 [Rennta kaa wo onegai simasu.]
I'm here on business / on vacation.私は仕事で/休みでここへ来ました。 [Watashi wa shigoto de / yasuni de kokoe kimasita.]
Is this seat taken?この席空いていますか? [Kono seki aite imasuka?]
It was nice meeting youあなたに会えてうれしいです。 [Anata ni aete uresii desu.]
Take this! (when giving something)これをどうぞ!(何かをあげるとき) [Kore wo douzo! (Nanika wo ageru toki)]
Do you like it?それ、好きですか? [Sore suki desuka?]
I really like it!それ、本当にすきです。 [Sore, hontou ni suki desu.]
I'm just kidding冗談ですよ [jyoudan desu yo]
I'm hungryお腹がすいた [Onaka ga suita]
I'm thirstyのどが渇いた [nodo ga kawaita]

Fun Facts

Language Quote: Approximately one new word is added to the English language every two hours and around 4,000 new words are added to the English dictionary every year..

Congratulations! You finished your 8th lesson in Japanese about the pronouns, and travel expressions. Are you ready for the next lesson? We recommend Japanese Lesson 9. You can also simply click on one of the links below or go back to our Learn Japanese homepage.