Japanese Lesson 3 (Plural and Languages)

Duration: 30 mins

The 3rd lesson is about the plural in Japanese and how to create it from the singular form. In addition, I will include a list of vocabulary about languages, nationalities, and countries. Finally, you will find some common everyday sentences. I will try to give examples using both vocabulary and grammar. That way it will be easy for you to see the words when they are separate and when they are in a sentence. Going through the whole page should take about 30 min. Make sure to read the pronunciation and hear the audio as well. If you have any question about this course, please email me directly at Japanese Classes.


Knowing how to create the plural from the singular word can double the vocabulary you already know. It can make it easy to have a conversation about different topics by simply knowing some grammatical rules. For example how to change the word "book" to "books" or "woman" to "women".

Below is a list of singular words and their plural equivalent. I included examples about nature as well as about humans. The table contains 3 columns (English, Japanese, and Audio). Make sure you repeat each word after hearing it by either clicking on the audio button or by reading the pronunciation. That should help with memorization as well as improving your pronunciation.

Singular vs. Plural in Japanese

English Japanese
Country国 [kuni]
Countries国々 [kuniguni]
Lake湖 [mizuumi]
Lakes湖 [mizuumi]
Language言語 [gengo]
Languages言語 [gengo]
Woman女性 [josei]
Women女性たち [josei tachi]
Man男性 [dansei]
Men男性たち [dansei tachi]
Boy少年 [shounen]
Boys少年たち [shonen tachi]
Girl少女 [shoujo]
Girls少女たち [shoojo tachi]

Now we will try to implement some of the words above into full Japanese sentences. That way you will be able to see how both forms are used when embedded in a structure.

Singular vs. Plural in a Sentence

English Japanese
We speak two languages私たちは二ヶ国語を話ます。 [Watashi tachi wa nikakoku go wo hanasi masu.]
They speak four languages彼らは四ヶ国語を話します。 [Karera wa yonkakoku go wo hanasi masu.]
I visited one country私は1カ国を訪れました。 [Watashi wa ikka koku o otsozure masita.]
She visited three countries彼女は三カ国を訪れました。 [Kanojo wa sanka koku wo otozure masita.]
She has one sister彼女には一人の女兄弟がいます。 [Kanojo niwa hitori no onna kyoudai ga imasu.]
He has two sisters彼には二人の女兄弟がいます。 [Kare niwa futari no onna kyoudai ga imasu.]


If you have any questions, please contact me If you simply want to ask a question, please Japanese contact form on the header above.

Vocabulary List about Languages, Nationalities, and Countries

Below is a list of 50 words related to languages, nationalities, and countries. If you can memorize them by heart, you will be able to have a good conversation about how many languages you speak or where you came from.

Languages Nationalities and Countries List in Japanese

English Japanese
Arabic (language)アラビア語 [Arabia go]
Moroccan (nationality)モロッコ人 [Morokko jin]
Morocco (country)モロッコ [Morokko]
Brazilian (language)ブラジル人 [Buraziru jin]
Brazilian (nationality)ブラジル人 [Brajiru jin]
Brazil (country)ブラジル [Brajiru]
Chinese (language)中国語 [Chuugoku go]
Chinese (nationality)中国人 [Chuugoku jin]
China (country)中国 [Chuugoku]
English (language)英語 [Eigo]
British (nationality)英国人 [Eikoku jin]
Britain (country)イギリス [Igirisu]
American (nationality)アメリカ人 [Amerika jin]
America (country)アメリカ [Amerika]
French (language)フランス語 [Furansugo]
French (nationality)フランス人 [Furansu jin]
France (country)フランス [Furansu]
German (language)ドイツ語 [Ddoitsu go]
German (nationality)ドイツ人 [Doitsu jin]
Germany (country)ドイツ [Doitsu]
Greek (language)ギリシャ語 [Girisha go]
Greek (nationality)ギリシャ人 [Girisha jin]
Greece (country)ギリシャ [Girisha]
Hindi (language)ヒンズー語 [hinzuu go]
Indian (nationality)インド人 [Indo jin]
India (country)インド [Indo]
Irish (language)アイルランド語 [Airurando go]
Irish (nationality)アイルランド人 [Airurando jin]
Ireland (country)アイルランド [Airuranndo]
Italian (language)イタリア語 [Itaria go]
Italian (nationality)イタリア人 [Itaria jin]
Italy (country)イタリア [Itaria]
Japanese (language)日本語 [Nihongo]
Japanese (nationality)日本人 [Nihon jin]
Japan (country)日本 [Nippon]
Korean (language)韓国語 [Kankoku go]
Korean (nationality)韓国人 [Kankoku jin]
Korea (country)韓国 [Kankoku]
Persian (language)ペルシャ語 [Perusha go]
Iranian (nationality)イラン人 [Iran jin]
Iran (country)イラン [Iran]
Portuguese (language)ポルトガル語 [Prutogaru go]
Portuguese (nationality)プルトガル人 [Porutogaru jin]
Portugal (country)ポルトガル [Porutogaru]
Russian (language)ロシア語 [Roshia go]
Russian (nationality)ロシア人 [Rosia jin]
Russia (country)ロシア [Rosia]
Spanish (language)スペイン語 [Supein go]
Spanish (nationality)スペイン人 [Supein jin]
Spain (country)スペイン [Supein]


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Daily Conversation in Japanese

Finally, a list of sentences about languages, nationalities, and countries plus some bonus phrases. For a complete list of commonly used sentences, please visit our Japanese Phrases page. Enjoy!

Common Expressions in Japanese

English Japanese
I don't speak Korean私は韓国語が話せません。 [Watasi wa Kankoku go ga hanase masen.]
I love the Japanese language私は日本語が好きです。 [Watasi ha Nihon go ga suki desu.]
I speak Italian私はイタリア語が話せます。 [Watasi wa Itaria-go ga hanase masu.]
I want to learn Spanish私はスペイン語を習いたい。 [Watasi wa Supein-go wo narai tai.]
My mother tongue is German母の母語はドイツ語です。 [Haha no bogo wa Doitsu-go desu.]
Spanish is easy to learnスペイン語を習うのは容易です。 [Supein go wo narau nowa youi desu.]
He has a Moroccan rug彼はモロッコの絨毯を持っています。 [Kare wa Morokko no jyuutan wo motte imasu.]
I have an American car私はアメリカ車を持っています。 [Watasi wa Ameriak sha wo motte imasu.]
I love French cheese私はフランスのチーズが好きです。 [Watasi wa Furansu no chiizu ga suki desu.]
I'm Italian私はイタリア人です。 [Watasi wa Itaria jin desu.]
My father is Greek私の父はギリシャ人です。 [Watasino chichi ha Girisha jin desu.]
My wife is Korean私の妻は韓国人です。 [Watashi no tsuma wa Kankoku jin desu.]
Have you ever been to India?あなたはインドへ行ったことがありますか? [Anata wa Indo e itta koto ga arimasuka?]
I came from Spain私はスペイン出身です。 [Watasi wa Supein shusshin desu.]
I live in America私はアメリカに住んでいます。 [Watashi wa Amerika ni sunde imasu.]
I want to go to Germany私はドイツへ行きたい。 [Watasi wa Doitsu e ikitai.]
I was born in Italy私はイタリアで生まれました。 [Watasi wa Itaria de umare masita.]
Japan is a beautiful country日本は美しい国です。 [Nihon wa utsukusii kuni desu.]
Long time no see久し振り [hisasi buri]
I missed you会いたかった [aita katta]
What's new?何か変わったことは? [nanika kawatta koto wa?]
Nothing new変わったことは何もない。 [kawatta koto wa nani mo nai.]
Make yourself at home!お楽にしてください! [orakni shite kudasai!]
Have a good tripよい旅を [yoi tabi wo]

Fun Facts

Language Quote that by simply knowing how to form the plural, you can double the number of nouns in your vocabulary, without having to memorize all the plural form.

Congratulations! You finished your third lesson in Japanese about singular, plural, languages, nationalities, and countries. Are you ready for the next lesson? We recommend Japanese Lesson 4. You can also simply click on one of the links below or go back to our Learn Japanese homepage.