Japanese Lesson 12 (Verbs and Time)

Duration: 30 mins

This is the 12th lesson about Japanese verbs, as well as time expressions such as hours, days, and months. Finally some simple common phrases. I will try to give examples using both vocabulary and grammar. That way it will be easy for you to see the words when they are separate and when they are in a sentence. Going through the whole page should take about 30 min. Make sure to read the pronunciation and hear the audio as well. If you have any question about this course, please email me directly at Japanese Classes.


Before we move on to lessons about the present, past, and future, we need to discuss verbs in general. The verb is the second most used part of speech after the noun. That means we need to pay more attention to its different forms and tenses.

Below is a list of 16 verbs that you might come across or use very often. They are in their raw format (not conjugated yet). The table contains 3 columns (English, Japanese, and Audio). Make sure you repeat each word after hearing it by either clicking on the audio button or by reading the pronunciation. That should help with memorization as well as improving your pronunciation.

Verbs List in Japanese

Verbs Japanese
To drive運転する [untensuru]
To find見つける [mitsukeru]
To give与える [ataeru]
To have持つ [motsu]
To know知る [siru]
To learn学ぶ [manabu]
To love愛する [aisuru]
To play遊ぶ [asobu]
To read読む [yomu]
To see見る [miru]
To smileほほえむ [hohoemu]
To speak話す [hanasu]
To think考える [kangaeru]
To understand理解する [rikaisuru]
To work働く [hataraku]
To write書く [kaku]

Here is an example of the verb "to understand" conjugated into the past, present, and future.

Verb "to understand" in a Sentence

He understands me彼は私を理解しています。 [Kare wa watashi wo rikai site imasu.]
He understood me彼は私を理解しました。 [kare wa watashi wo rikai shi masita.]
He will understand me彼は私を理解するでしょう。 [Kare wa watashi wo rikai suru deshoo.]


If you have any questions, please contact me If you simply want to ask a question, please Japanese contact form on the header above.

Vocabulary List about Time

Below is a list of 30 words related to time such as hours, days and months. If you can memorize them by heart, you will be able to discuss time related topics more easily.

Time in Japanese

Time Japanese
Days日 [nichi]
Monday月曜日 [getsuyoubi]
Tuesday火曜日 [kayoubi]
Wednesday水曜日 [suiyoubi]
Thursday木曜日 [mokuyoubi]
Friday金曜日 [kinyoubi]
Saturday土曜日 [doyoubi]
Sunday日曜日 [nichiyoubi]
January一月 or 1月 [Ichi-gatsu]
February二月 or 2月 [Ni-gatsu]
March三月 or 3月 [San-gatsu]
April四月 or 4月 [Si-gatsu]
May五月 or 5月 [Go-gatsu]
June六月 or 6月 [Roku-gatsu]
July七月 or 7月 [Sichi-gatsu]
August八月 or 8月 [Hachi-gatsu]
September九月 or 9月 [Ku-gatsu]
October十月 or 10月 [Juu-gatsu]
November十一月 or 11月 [Juu-ichi-gatsu]
December十二月 or 12月 [Juu-ni-gatsu]
Autumn秋 [aki]
Winter冬 [fuyu]
Spring春 [haru]
Summer夏 [natsu]
Seasons季節 [kisetu]
Months月 [Tsuki]
Time時 [toki]
Hour時間 [jikan]
Minute分 [bun]
Second秒 [byou]


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Daily Conversation in Japanese

Finally, here are some popular phrases you might need to use daily. For a complete list of commonly used sentences, please visit our Japanese Phrases page. Enjoy!

Common Expressions in Japanese

English Japanese
I was born in July私は7月生まれです [Watashi wa hichigatsu umare desu]
I will visit you in August私は8月にあなたを訪問します [Watashi wa hachigatsu ni houmonn shimasu]
See you tomorrow!明日会いましょう! [Ashita ai mashoo!]
Today is Monday今日は月曜日です [Kyou wa getsuyoubi desu]
Winter is very cold hereここの冬は大変寒いです [Koko no fuyu wa taihen samui desu]
Yesterday was Sunday昨日は日曜日でした [Kinoo wa nichiyoubi desita]
Are you married?あなたは結婚していますか? [Anata wa kekkon shite imasu-ka?]
I'm single私は独身です。 [Watasi wa dokushin desu.]
Would you marry me?私と結婚してくれませんか? [watasi to kekkon site kuremasen-ka?]
Can I have your phone number?あなたの電話番号を教えて? [Anata no dennwa bangou wo osiete?]
Can I have your email?あなたからメールを送ってもらえますか? [Anata kara meeru wo okutte moraemasu-ka?]

Fun Facts

Language Quote: ❝Learn everything you can, anytime you can, from anyone you can; there will always come a time when you will be grateful you did.❞ ‒Sarah Caldwell

Congratulations! You finished your 12th lesson in Japanese about verbs, and time. Are you ready for the next lesson? We recommend Japanese Lesson 13. You can also simply click on one of the links below or go back to our Learn Japanese homepage.