Numbers

Japanese Lesson 6 (Numbers and School)

Duration: 30 mins

The 6th lesson teaches counting in cardinal and ordinal numbers in Japanese. I also included a vocabulary list about school and finally common daily phrases. I will try to give examples using both vocabulary and grammar. That way it will be easy for you to see the words when they are separate and when they are in a sentence. Going through the whole page should take about 30 min. Make sure to read the pronunciation and hear the audio as well. If you have any question about this course, please email me directly at Japanese Classes.

Numbers

Knowing how to count in Japanese is essential and should be one of first things to learn. By simply knowing numbers from 1 to 9 you could express large numbers in a simplified way. Cardinal numbers are for counting such as "1, 2, 3 ...". Ordinal numbers represent order or rank such as "1st, 2nd, 3rd ...".

Below is a list of the first 20 cardinal and ordinal numbers that you might come across or use very often. The table contains 3 columns (English, Japanese, and Audio). Make sure you repeat each word after hearing it by either clicking on the audio button or by reading the pronunciation. That should help with memorization as well as improving your pronunciation.

Numbers in Japanese

Numbers Japanese
One一 or 1 [ichi]
First1番 [ichiban]
Twoニ or 2 [ni]
Second2番 [ni ban]
Three三 or 3 [san]
Third3番 [san ban]
Four四 or 4 [yon]
Fourth4番 [yon ban]
Five五 or 5 [go]
Fifth5番 [go ban]
Six六 or 6 [roku]
Sixth6番 [roku ban]
Seven七 or 7 [nana]
Seventh7番 [nana ban]
Eight八 or 8 [hachi]
Eighth8番 [hachi ban]
Nine九 or 9 [kyuu]
Ninth9番 [kyuu ban]
Ten十 or 10 [juu]
Tenth10番 [juu ban]
Eleven十一 or 11 [juu ichi]
Eleventh11番 [juu ichi ban]
Twelve十二 or 12 [juu ni]
Twelfth12番 [juu ni ban]
Thirteen十三 or 13 [juu san]
Thirteenth13番 [juu san ban]
Fourteen十四 or 14 [juu yon]
Fourteenth14番 [juu yon ban]
Fifteen十五 or 15 [juu go]
Fifteenth15番 [juu go ban]
Sixteen十六 or 16 [juu roku]
Sixteenth16番 [juu roku ban]
Seventeen十七 or 17 [juu nana]
Seventeenth17番 [juu nana ban]
Eighteen十八 or 18 [juu hachi]
Eighteenth18番 [juu hachi ban]
Nineteen十九 or 19 [juu kyuu]
Nineteenth19番 [juu kyuu ban]
Twenty二十 or 20 [ni juu]
Twentieth20番 [niyuu ban]
Thirty three (31)二十三 or 23 [nijuu san]
One hundred (100)三十 or 30 [san juu]
Three hundred and sixty (360)三百六十 or 360 [san byaku rokujuu]
One thousand (1000)一千 or 1000 [issen or sen]
Two thousand and fourteen (2014)二千四十2,040 [nisen yon juu]
One million百万 or 100万 [hyaku man]
Once1回 [ikkai]
Twice2回 [ni kai]

Now we will try to implement some of the numbers above into full Japanese sentences. That way you will be able to use the word not only by itself but embedded in a structure.

Japanese Numbers in a Sentence

Numbers Japanese
I'm 30 years old私は30才です。 [Kare wa 30 sai desu.]
I have 2 sisters and 1 brother私には二人の女の子と一人の男の子がいます。 [Watasi niwa futari no onna no ko to hitori no okoko no ko ga imasu.]
English is my first language英語は私の母国語です。 [Eigo wa watashi no bokokugo desu.]
Her second language is Spanish彼女の第二外国語はスペイン語です。 [Kanojo no daini gaikokugo wa Supeingo desu.]

Questions?

If you have any questions, please contact me If you simply want to ask a question, please Japanese contact form on the header above.

Vocabulary List about School

Below is a list of 26 words related to school and classrooms. If you can memorize them by heart, you will be able communicate to a teacher/students many objects in your class.

School Words in Japanese

School Japanese
Answer答え [kotae]
Book本 [hon]
Books本 [hon]
Chair椅子 [isu]
Desk机 [tsukue]
Dictionary辞書 [jisho]
Laptopラップトップ [rappu toppu]
Library図書館 [toshokan]
Notebook (paper notebook)ノート [nouto]
Pageページ [pēji]
Paper紙 [kami]
Penペン [pen]
Pencil鉛筆 [enpitsu]
Question質問 [sitsumon]
School学校 [gakkoo]
Student学生 [gakusei]
Teacher教師 [kyoosi]
University大学 [daigaku]

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Daily Conversation in Japanese

Finally, a couple bonus sentences that you might find useful. For a complete list of commonly used sentences, please visit our Japanese Phrases page. Enjoy!

Common Expressions in Japanese

English Japanese
I have a question質問があります。 [Sitsumon ga arimasu.]
To listen聴く [kiku]
To read読む [yomu]
To speak話す [hanasu]
To think考える [kangaeru]
To understand理解する [rikaisuru]
To write書く [kaku]
What's the name of that book?この本の名前は何ですか? [Kono hon no namae wa nan desuka?]
What do you do for a living?仕事は何をしておられますか? [Shigo wa nani o shite orare masuka?]
I'm a (teacher / artist / engineer)私は 先生/芸術家/エンジニアです。 [Watasi wa sensei / geijyutsuka / enjinia desu.]
Oh! That's good!まぁー! それは良いですね! [Maa! Sore wa iidesu-ne!]
Can I practice with you?あなたと一緒に練習してもいいですか? [Anata to issho ni rennshu shitemo ii desuka?]

Fun Facts

Language Quote: Approximately one new word is added to the English language every two hours and around 4,000 new words are added to the English dictionary every year.

Congratulations! You finished your 6th lesson in Japanese about numbers, and school terms. Are you ready for the next lesson? We recommend Japanese Lesson 7. You can also simply click on one of the links below or go back to our Learn Japanese homepage.