Comparative

Japanese Lesson 17 (Comparative and Shopping)

Duration: 30 mins

This 17th lesson teaches the comparative form in Japanese. In addition, I am including a vocabulary list about shopping and eating at a restaurant. I will try to give examples using both vocabulary and grammar. That way it will be easy for you to see the words when they are separate and when they are in a sentence. Going through the whole page should take about 30 min. Make sure to read the pronunciation and hear the audio as well. If you have any question about this course, please email me directly at Japanese Classes.

Comparative

This lesson includes not only the comparative form but the superlative and the diminutive forms as well. That way you make comparisons, but also you can say what is better and what is worse.

Below is a list of 20 comparative forms that you might come across or use very often. The table contains 3 columns (English, Japanese, and Audio). Make sure you repeat each word after hearing it by either clicking on the audio button or by reading the pronunciation. That should help with memorization as well as improving your pronunciation.

Comparative Form in Japanese

Comparative Japanese
As... asくらい [kurai]
Tallerより高い [yori takai]
Shorterより低い [yori hikui]
Youngerより若い [yori wakai]
Olderより年をとった [yori toshi o totta]
As tall as くらい高い [kurai takai]
Taller thanより高い [yori takai]
Shorter thanより低い [yori hikui]
More beautifulより美しい [yori utsukushii]
Less beautifulより美しくはない [yori utsukusiku wa nai]
Most beautiful最も美しい [mottomo utsukusii]
Happy幸せ [siawase]
Happierより幸せ [yori shiawase]
Happiest最も幸せ [mottomo shiawase]
You are happyあなたは幸せです。 [Anata wa siawase desu.]
You are as happy as Mayaあなたはマヤと同じくらい幸せです。 [Anata wa Maya to onaji kurai siawase desu.]
You are happier than Mayaあなたはマヤより幸せです。 [anata wa Maya yori siawase desu.]
You are the happiestあなたは最も幸せです。 [Anata wa mottomo siawase desu.]
Good良い [yoi]
Betterより良い [yori yoi]
Best最も良い [mottomo yoi]
Bad悪い [warui]
Worseより悪い [yori warui]
Worst最も悪い [mottomo warui]

Questions?

If you have any questions, please contact me If you simply want to ask a question, please Japanese contact form on the header above.

Vocabulary List about Shopping

Below is a list of 18 words related to shopping such as in the supermarket. If you can memorize them by heart, you will be able to buy many food necessities from the supermarket or the shopping mall without a problem.

Shopping List in Japanese

Shopping Japanese
Can you take less?値引きしてくださいよ? [Nebiki site kudasai yo?]
Do you accept credit cards?カード払いでいいですか? [Kaado barai de iidesu-ka?]
How much is this?これはいくらですか? [Kore wa ikura desuka?]
I'm just looking見てるだけです。 [Miteru dake desu.]
Only cash please!現金でお願いします。 [Genkin de onegai simasu.]
This is too expensive高すぎます。 [Taka sugi masu.]
Cafe喫茶店 [kissa ten]
Cash現金 [genkin]
Cheap安い [yasui]
Check小切手、支払い [kogitte, siharai]
Cinema映画 [eiga]
Credit cardクレジットカード [kurejitto kaado]
Expensive高い [takai]
Gas stationガソリンスタンド [gasorin sutando]
Museum博物館 [hakubutsu-kan]
Parking駐車 [chuusha]
Pharmacy薬局 [yakkyoku]
Supermarketスーパーマーケット [suupaamaaketto]

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Vocabulary List about Restaurants

Below is a list of 30 words related to eating at a restaurant. Obviously, they will come in handy if you invite someone out to dinner or order something off the menu without a problem.

Restaurant Terms in Japanese

Restaurant Japanese
I'm vegetarian私はベジタリアンです。 [Watasi wa bejitarian desu.]
It is very delicious!すごく、おいしい! [Sugoku oisii!]
May we have the check please!勘定をお願いします。 [Kanjyo wo onegai shimasu.]
The bill please!請求書をください。 [Seikyuusho wo kudasai.]
Waiter / waitress!ウェイター、ウェイトレス [ueitaa, ueitoresu]
What do you recommend? (to eat)お勧めは何ですか?(料理で) [Osusume wa nan desuka? (ryouri de)]
What's the name of this dish?この料理の名前は何ですか? [Kono ryori no namae wa nan desu ka?]
Where is there a good restaurant?良いレストランはどこですか? [Ii resutoran wa doko desuka?]
A cup ofコップ一杯の [koppu ippai no]
A glass ofグラス一杯の [gurasu ippai no]
Black pepper黒コショウ [kuro koshou]
Breadパン [pan]
Dessertデザート [dezaato]
Food食品 [shokuhin]
Forkフォーク [fooku]
Knifeナイフ [naifu]
Menuメニュー [menyuu]
Napkinナプキン [napukin]
Plate皿 [sara]
Saladサラダ [sarada]
Salt塩 [shio]
Salty塩辛い [shiokarai]
Soupスープ [suupu]
Spicy辛い [tsurai]
Spoonスプーン [supuun]
Sweet甘い [amai]
Tableテーブル [teeburu]
Tip (money for the waiter)チップ(ウェイターに渡すお金) [chippu (ueitaa ni watasu okane)]
Water水 [mizu]

Fun Facts

Language Quote: ❝Learning a foreign language not only reveals how other societies think and feel, what they have experienced and value, and how they express themselves, it also provides a cultural mirror in which we can more clearly see our own society.❞ ?Chancellor Edward Lee Gorsuch

Congratulations! You finished your 17th lesson in Japanese about the comparative form, shopping and eating at a restaurant. Are you ready for the next lesson? We recommend Japanese Lesson 18. You can also simply click on one of the links below or go back to our Learn Japanese homepage.