Negation

Japanese Lesson 7 (Negation and Human Body)

Duration: 30 mins

Lesson number 7 teaches an important aspect in Japanese which is negation. I'm also including a list of vocabulary about the human body, and finally a conversation about getting to know someone. I will try to give examples using both vocabulary and grammar. That way it will be easy for you to see the words when they are separate and when they are in a sentence. Going through the whole page should take about 30 min. Make sure to read the pronunciation and hear the audio as well. If you have any question about this course, please email me directly at Japanese Classes.

Negation

Negation is the opposite of an affirmative statement. So basically any negative expression such as "no", "never" "nothing" etc. Knowing how to use the negation form could help you double the number of expressions you could use in a sentence.

Here are some negation expressions that you might come across or use very often. The table contains 3 columns (English, Japanese, and Audio). Make sure you repeat each word after hearing it by either clicking on the audio button or by reading the pronunciation. That should help with memorization as well as improving your pronunciation.

Negation in Japanese

Negation Japanese
Noいいえ [iie]
Nothing何も ... ない [nanimo ... nai]
Not yetまだ ... ない [mada ... nai]
No one誰も ... ない [daremo ... nai]
No longerもはや ... しない [mohaya ... shinai]
Never決して ... ない [kessite ... nai]
Cannotできない [dekinai]
Should not... べきでない [... bekide nai]

Now we will try to implement some of the negative expressions above into full Japanese sentences. That way you will be able to use the word not only by itself but embedded in a structure.

Japanese Negation in a Sentence

English Japanese
Don't worry!心配しないで! [Shinpai shinaide!]
I cannot remember the word私はその言葉を覚えることができない。 [Watasi wa sono kotoba wo oboeru koto wa dekinai.]
I do not speak Japanese私は日本語が話せない。 [Watasi wa nihon go ga hanase nai.]
I don't know!私は知りません。 [Watashi wa shirimasen.]
I'm not fluent in Italian yet私はまだイタリア語が堪能ではありません。 [Watshi wa mada Itaria go ga tannou de wa arimasen.]
I'm not interested!私は興味ありません。 [Watashi wa kyoumi ari masen.]
No one here speaks Greekここは、誰もギリシャ語を話さない。 [Koko wa, daremo Girisha go wo hanasa nai.]
No problem!問題なし [mondai nasi]
This is not correctこれは正しくない。 [Kore wa tadasi ku nai.]
This is wrongこれは悪い。 [kore wa warui]
We don't understand私たちは理解しない。 [Watashi tachi ha rikai shinai.]
You should not forget this wordあなたはこの言葉を忘れてはならない。 [Anata wa kono kotoba wo wasure te wa naranai.]

Questions?

If you have any questions, please contact me If you simply want to ask a question, please Japanese contact form on the header above.

Vocabulary List about the Human Body

Below is a list of 20 words related to human body. If you can memorize them by heart, you might be able to communicate to your doctor if you have amy pain or discomfort.

Human Body List in Japanese

Body Japanese
Arm腕 [ude]
Back背中 [senaka]
Chest胸 [mune]
Ear耳 [mimi]
Eye目 [me]
Face顔 [kao]
Feet足 [asi]
Fingers指 [yubi]
Hair髪 [kami]
Hand手 [te]
Head頭 [atama]
Heart心臓 [sinzoo]
Leg足 [asi]
Mouth口 [kuchi]
Neck首 [kubi]
Nose鼻 [hana]
Shoulder肩 [kata]
Stomach腹 [hara]
Teeth歯 [ha]
Tongue舌 [shita]

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Daily Conversation in Japanese

Finally, a list of commonly used expressions about getting to know someone for the first time. For a complete list of commonly used sentences, please visit our Japanese Phrases page. Enjoy!

Common Expressions in Japanese

English Japanese
He feels with his hand彼は手で感じます [Kare wa te de kannji masu]
I smell with my nose私は鼻で臭います [Watashi wa hana de nioi masu]
She has beautiful eyes彼女はきれいな目をしています [Kanojo wa kireina me wo siteimasu]
She tastes with her tongue彼女は舌で味見します [Kanojo wa sita de ajimi wo shimasu]
We see with our eyes私たちは目で見ます [Watashi-tachi wa me de mimasu]
You hear with your earsあなたは耳で聞きます [Anata wa mimi de kikimasu]
How old are you?あなたは何歳ですか? [Anata wa nansai desuka?]
I'm (twenty, thirty...) Years old私は (20、30)才です。 [watasi ha (20, 30) sai desu.]
Are you married?あなたは結婚していますか? [Anata wa kekkon site imasu-ka?]
Do you have children?あなたは子供がありますか? [Anata wa kodomo ga arimasu-ka?]
I have to goもう、行きます。 [Mou iki masu.]
I will be right back!私はすぐに帰ってきます。 [Watasi wa suguni kaette kimasu.]

Fun Facts

Language Quote: English is the official language of the sky! It doesn't matter which country they are from, all pilots speak in English on international flights.

Congratulations! You finished your 7th lesson in Japanese about negation, and the human body. Are you ready for the next lesson? We recommend Japanese Lesson 8. You can also simply click on one of the links below or go back to our Learn Japanese homepage.