Imperative

Japanese Lesson 16 (Imperative and Places)

Duration: 30 mins

This 16th lesson teaches the Japanese imperative form. In addition you will find a vocabulary list about places and household objects. I will try to give examples using both vocabulary and grammar. That way it will be easy for you to see the words when they are separate and when they are in a sentence. Going through the whole page should take about 30 min. Make sure to read the pronunciation and hear the audio as well. If you have any question about this course, please email me directly at Japanese Classes.

Imperative

Knowing the imperative form in Japanese is a powerful skill. It can make it easy to ask someone to do something, and clarify what you want done.

Below is a list of 20 imperative forms and expressions that you might come across or use very often. The table contains 3 columns (English, Japanese, and Audio). Make sure you repeat each word after hearing it by either clicking on the audio button or by reading the pronunciation. That should help with memorization as well as improving your pronunciation.

The Imperative in Japanese

Imperative Japanese
Go!行け! [ike!]
Stop!止まれ! [tomare!]
Don't Go!行くな! [ikuna!]
Stay!待て! [mate!]
Leave!去れ! [sare!]
Come here!こっちへ来い! [kocchi e koi!]
Go there!そこへ行け! [soko e ike!]
Enter (the room)!入れ! [haire!]
Speak!話せ! [hanase!]
Be quiet!静かにせよ! [sizukani seyo!]
Turn right右向け! [migi muke!]
Turn left左向け! [hidari muke!]
Go straight真直ぐ行け! [massugu ike!]
Wait!待て! [mate!]
Let's go!さあ、行くぞ! [sa,ikuzo!]
Be careful!気を付けろ [ki o tsuke ro!]
Sit down!座れ! [suware!]
Let me show you!見せてやる! [misete yaru!]
Listen!聴け! [kike!]
Write it down!ここに書け! [kokoni kake!]

Questions?

If you have any questions, please contact me If you simply want to ask a question, please Japanese contact form on the header above.

Vocabulary List about Places

Below is a list of 20 words about different places. Useful when talking about going somewhere.

Places in Japanese

Places Japanese
Bank銀行 [ginkoo]
Beachビーチ、海岸 [biichi, kaigan]
Desert砂漠 [sabaku]
Earth地球 [chikyuu]
Forest森林 [shinrin]
Garden庭 [niwa]
Hospital病院 [byouin]
Island島 [shima]
Lake湖 [mizuumi]
Moon月 [tsuki]
Mountain山 [yama]
River川 [kawa]
Sea海 [umi]
Sky空 [sora]
Stars星 [hoshi]
Sun太陽 [taiyou]
I can see the stars星が見えます。 [Hoshi ga miemasu.]
I want to go to the beach海辺へ行きたい。 [Umibe e ikitai.]
The moon is full tonight今夜は満月です。 [Konnya wa mangetsu desu.]
This is a beautiful gardenここはきれいな庭です。 [Koko wa kireina niwa desu.]

Vocabulary List about Household Terms

Below is a list of 26 words about different household terms, including rooms, kitchen appliances ... etc.

Places in Japanese

Household Japanese
Bedベッド [beddo]
Bedroom寝室 [sinsitsu]
Carpetラグ [ragu]
Ceiling天井 [tenjoo]
Chair椅子 [isu]
Computerコンピューター [konpyuutaa]
Desk机 [tsukue]
Door扉 [tobira]
Furniture家具 [kagu]
House家 [ie]
Kitchen台所 [daidokoro]
Refrigerator冷蔵庫 [reizouko]
Roof屋根 [yane]
Room部屋 [heya]
Stoveストーブ [sutoobu]
Tableテーブル [tēburu]
Televisionテレビ [terebi]
Toiletトイレ [toire]
Wall壁 [kabe]
Window窓 [mado]

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Daily Conversation in Japanese

Finally, here are some common expressions used to offer good wishes to someone. For a complete list of commonly used sentences, please visit our Japanese Phrases page. Enjoy!

Common Expressions in Japanese

English Japanese
Can you close the door?ドアを閉めてもらえませんか? [Doa wo shimete morae-masen ka?]
Can you open the window?窓を開けてもらえませんか? [Mado wo akete morae-masen ka?]
I need to use the computerコンピューターを使いたい。 [Konpyuutaa wo tsukai tai.]
I need to use the toiletトイレへ行きたいです。 [Toire e yukitai desu.]
I'm watching television私はテレビを見ています。 [Watasi wa terebi wo mite imasu.]
This room is very bigここは非常に大きい部屋です。 [Koko wa hijyouni ookii heya desu.]
Holiday Wishes季節のあいさつ [kisetsu no aisatsu]
Good luck!頑張って! [ganbatte!]
Happy birthday!誕生日おめでとう! [tanjou bi omedetou!]
Happy new year!明けましておめでとう [Akemashite omedetou]
Merry Christmas!メリークリスマス [meri kurisumasu]
Congratulations!おめでとう [omedetou]
Enjoy! (before eating)楽しんで!(食事の前) [Tanoshinde! (shokuji no mae)]
Bless you (when sneezing)お大事に!(くしゃみが出た時) [Odaijini! (kushami ga deta toki)]
Best wishes!幸多かれ! [Sachi ookare!]

Fun Facts

Language Quote: ❝Language is the road map of a culture. It tells you where its people come from and where they are going.❞ ‒Rita Mae Brown

Congratulations! You finished your 16th lesson in Japanese about the imperative form, places and household items. Are you ready for the next lesson? We recommend Japanese Lesson 17. You can also simply click on one of the links below or go back to our Learn Japanese homepage.