Japanese Lesson 10 (Determiners and People)

Duration: 30 mins

I should congratulate you since you made it to our 10th lesson about determiners, articles, and quantifiers in Japanese. I hope you have already learned a lot so far. I will also provide in this page a vocabulary list about people, and finally some common phrases. I will try to give examples using both vocabulary and grammar. That way it will be easy for you to see the words when they are separate and when they are in a sentence. Going through the whole page should take about 30 min. Make sure to read the pronunciation and hear the audio as well. If you have any question about this course, please email me directly at Japanese Classes.


Determiners include definite and indefinite articles (like the, a or an), demonstratives (this and that), quantifiers (many, some etc.

The following are several sentences which include the determiners mentioned above. That way you will be able to see how the determiner is used in a full sentence. The table contains 3 columns (English, Japanese, and Audio). Make sure you repeat each word after hearing it by either clicking on the audio button or by reading the pronunciation. That should help with memorization as well as improving your pronunciation.

Determiners in Japanese

Determiners Japanese
The yellow pen is easy to findその黄色のペンは見つけやすい [Sono kiiro no pen wa mitsuke yasui.]
A yellow pen is easy to find黄色のペンは見つけやすい。 [Kiiro no pen wa mitsuke yasui.]
A French teacher is hereフランス人の先生が一人ここにいます。 [Furansu jin no sensei ga hitori koko ni imasu.]
The French teacher is hereそのフランス人の先生がここにいます。 [Sono Furansu jin no sensei ga kokoni imasu.]
Some languages are hardいくらかの言語は難しい [Ikura ka no gengo wa mutsukasii.]
Many languages are easy多くの言語は簡単です [Ookuno genngo wa kantan desu.]
The student speaks Koreanその学生は紺国語を話します。 [Sono gakusei wa Kankoku go wo hanasi masu.]
A student speaks Korean学生は韓国語を話します。 [Gakusei ha Kankoku go wo hanashi masu.]
Some students speak Koreanいくらかの学生は韓国を話します。 [Ikura ka no gakusei wa Kankoku go wo hanasi masu.]
Many students speak Korean多くの学生が韓国語を話します。 [Ookuno gakusei ga Kankoku go wo hanasi masu.]
This student speaks Koreanこと学生は韓国語を話します。 [Kono gakusei wa Kankoku go wo hanasi masu.]
That student speaks Koreanあの学生は韓国語を話します。 [Ano gakusei ha Kankoku go wo hanasi masu.]
These students speak Koreanこれらの学生は韓国語を話します。 [Korera no gakusei wa Kankoku go wo hanasi masu.]
Those students speak Koreanあれらの学生は韓国語を話します。 [Arera no gakusei wa Kankoku go wo hanasi masu.]


If you have any questions, please contact me If you simply want to ask a question, please Japanese contact form on the header above.

Vocabulary List about People

Below is a list of 24 words related to people such as family members, siblings ... etc. At the end of the list, there will be examples where those terms are used in a sentence.

People in Japanese

People Japanese
Aunt叔母 [oba]
Baby赤ん坊 [Akanbou]
Boy少年 [shounen]
Brother兄弟 [kyoudai]
Child (female)子供(女の子) [Kodomo (On-na no ko)]
Child (male)子供(男の子) [Kodomo (Otoko-no ko)]
Cousin (female)いとこ(従姉妹) [Itoko (jyu-shimai)]
Cousin (male)いとこ(従兄弟) [Itoko (jyu-keitei)]
Daughter娘 [musume]
Father父親 [chichioya]
Girl少女 [shoujo]
Grandfather祖父 [sofu]
Grandmother祖母 [sobo]
Husband夫 [otto]
Man男性 [dansei]
Mother母親 [hahaoya]
Nephew甥 [oi]
Niece姪 [mei]
People人 [hito]
Sister姉妹 [simai]
Son息子 [musuko]
Uncle叔父 [oji]
Wife妻 [tsuma]
Woman女性 [josei]


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Daily Conversation in Japanese

Finally, a couple sentences that you might need to use or see very often. For a complete list of commonly used sentences, please visit our Japanese Phrases page. Enjoy!

Common Expressions in Japanese

English Japanese
How old is your sister?あなたのお姉さん(妹さん)は何歳ですか? [Anata no o-nee san (imooto san) wa nan sai desuka?]
I love my husband私は夫を愛しています。 [Watasi wa otto o aisite imasu.]
This is my wifeこれが私の妻です。 [Kore ga watasi no tsuma desu.]
What's your brother called?あなたの兄さん(弟さん)の名前は何ですか? [Anata no nii-san (otuto-san) no namae wa nan-desuka?]
Where does your father work?あなたのお父さんはどこで仕事をされていますか? [Anata no o toosan wa doko de sigoto wo sarete imasuka?]
Your daughter is very cuteなたの娘さんは本当にかわいいです。 [Anatano musume sann wa hontou ni kawaii desu]
What time is it?何時ですか? [nanji desuka?]
It's 10 o'clock10じです。 [10-ji desu.]
Give me this!これをください! [Kore wo kudasai!]
I love you愛しています。 [aishite imasu]
Are you free tomorrow evening?明日の晩暇ですか? [asu no ban hima desu-ka?]
I would like to invite you for dinner夕食に招待します。 [yuushoku ni shoutai simasu]

Fun Facts

Language Quote ❝If you talk to a man in a language he understands, that goes to his head. If you talk to him in his own language, that goes to his heart.❞ ‒Nelson Mandela

Congratulations! You finished your 10th lesson in Japanese about determiners, people and jobs. Are you ready for the next lesson? We recommend Japanese Lesson 11. You can also simply click on one of the links below or go back to our Learn Japanese homepage.