This first lesson teaches many important aspect of Sinhala like prepositions, vocabulary list about directions and finally common phrases about how to introduce yourself. I will try to give examples using both vocabulary and grammar. That way it will be easy for you to see the words when they are separate and when they are in a sentence. Going through the whole page should take about 30 min. Make sure to read the pronunciation and hear the audio as well. If you have any question about this course, please email me directly at Sinhala Classes.
Prepositions are used in almost every sentence. They can be a great tool to link words with each other. For example by simply knowing how to use "to", "with", "from", "after" you can expand your conversation scope. In short, a preposition describes a relationship between words in a sentence, for example: I agree with you.
Below is a list of 27 prepositions that you might come across or use very often. The table contains 3 columns (English, Sinhala, and Audio). Make sure you repeat each word after hearing it by either clicking on the audio button or by reading the pronunciation. That should help with memorization as well as improving your pronunciation.
|In front of||ඉදිරිපස|
|On top of||ඉහළින්ම|
|About (in regards to)||පිළිබඳ|
|As (similar to)||නිසා, පරිදි, වැනි, විට|
nisā, paridi, væni, viṭa
|Until||එතෙක්, දක්වා, තුරු|
etek, dakvā, turu
Now we will try to implement some of the prepositions above into full Sinhala sentences. That way you will be able to use the word not only by itself but embedded in a structure.
|Can I practice Italian with you?||මට ඔයත් එක්ක ඉතාලි පුරුදු වෙන්න පුළුවන්ද?|
maṭa oyat ekka itāli purudu venna puḷuvanda?
|I speak French but with an accent||මම කලාතුරකින් ප්රංශ කතා කරනවා|
mama kalāturakin praṁśa katā karanavā
|I was born in Miami||මම උපන්නේ මියාමි වල|
mama upannē miyāmi vala
|I'm from Japan||මම ජපානයෙන්|
|The letter is inside the book||ලියුම පොත ඇතුලේ|
liyuma pota ætulē
|The pen is under the desk||පෑන ඩෙස් එක යට|
pǣna ḍes eka yaṭa
|Can I help you?||ඔබට උදව් කරන්නද?|
obaṭa udav karannada?
If you have any questions, please contact me using the Sinhala contact form on the header above.
Below is a list of 28 words and sentences related to directions that you might need when lost or asking for help. If you can memorize them by heart, you will be able to travel from point A to point B by following directions.
|Can you help me?||මට උදව් කරනවද?|
maṭa udav karanavada?
|Can you show me?||ඔබට පෙන්නන්න පුළුවන්ද?|
obaṭa pennanna puḷuvanda?
|Come with me!||මාත් එක්ක එන්න!|
māt ekka enna!
|Downtown (city center)||නගර මධ්යය/ ටවුම|
nagara madhyaya/ ṭavuma
|Excuse me! (to ask someone)||සමාවෙන්න|
|Go straight||කෙලින්ම යන්න|
|How can I get to the museum?||මම කටුගෙට යන්නෙ කොහොමද?|
mama kaṭugeṭa yanne kohomada?
|How long does it take to get there?||එහෙට යන්න කොච්චර වෙලා යනවද?|
eheṭa yanna koccara velā yanavada?
|I'm lost||මම අතරමං වෙලා|
mama ataramaṁ velā
|I'm not from here||මම මෙහෙ කෙනෙක් නෙවෙයි|
mama mehe kenek neveyi
|It's far from here||එතනට හුඟක් දුරයි|
etanaṭa hun̆gak durayi
|It's near here||ඒක මේ ළඟ|
ēka mē ḷan̆ga
|One moment please!||පොඩ්ඩක් ඉන්න!|
|Turn left||වමට හැරෙන්න|
|Turn right||දකුණට හැරෙන්න|
|To turn||හැරෙන්න වෙයි|
|To walk||ඇවිදින්න වෙයි|
|Traffic light||මාර්ග සංඥා එළි/ කලර් ලයිට්|
mārga saṁgnā eḷi/ kalar layiṭ
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Finally, a couple sentences to help you know how to introduce yourself in Sinhala. For a complete list of commonly used sentences, please visit our Sinhala Phrases page. Enjoy!
|Do you speak English?||ඔබ ඉංග්රීසි කතා කරනවාද?|
oba iṁgrīsi katā karanavāda?
|Just a little||ටිකක්|
|What's your name?||ඔයාගෙ නම මොකක්ද?|
oyāge nama mokakda?
|My name is (John Doe)||මගේ නම (ජෝන් ඩෝ)|
magē nama (jōn ḍō)
|Mr... / Mrs. ... / Miss...||...මහතා/....මහත්මිය/....මෙනවිය|
|Nice to meet you!||ඔබව හමුවීම සතුටක්!|
obava hamuvīma satuṭak!
|You're very kind!||ඔබ ඉතා කරුණාවන්තයි!|
oba itā karuṇāvantayi!
Language Quote: The language of a society changes slowly but steadily with the result that an educated person will not be able to read or understand words in his language written 500 years ago. Do you feel like you can't talk to your parents? Maybe it's because you belong to the Niger-Congo family. More than 1,400 languages are spoken by different members of this family from Africa..
Congratulations! You finished your 4th lesson in Sinhala about prepositions, and directions. Are you ready for the next lesson? We recommend Sinhala Lesson 5. You can also simply click on one of the links below or go back to our Learn Sinhala homepage.