Present Tense

Sinhala Lesson 13 (Present Tense & Survival)

Duration: 30 mins

Lessons Sinhala Lessons
Linguistic Sinhala Vocabulary
Culture Sinhala Phrases
Structure Sinhala Grammar

This 13th lesson deals with the present tense in Sinhala. In addition I included a vocabulary list about survival and emergencies. I will try to give examples using both vocabulary and grammar. That way it will be easy for you to see the words when they are separate and when they are in a sentence. Going through the whole page should take about 30 min. Make sure to read the pronunciation and hear the audio as well. If you have any question about this course, please email me directly at Sinhala Classes.

Present

The present is one of the 3 tenses (past, present, and future) we will be discussing in the next 3 lessons. So it is recommended not to skip any of them because they are all related.

Below is a list of 15 sentences conjugated into the present tense. I focused on the examples you might come across or use very often. The table contains 3 columns (English, Sinhala, and Audio). Make sure you repeat each word after hearing it by either clicking on the audio button or by reading the pronunciation. That should help with memorization as well as improving your pronunciation.

Present Tense in Sinhala

Present Sinhala
I see youමම ඔයාව දකිනවා
mama oyāva dakinavā
I write with a penමම පෑනකින් ලියනවා
mama pǣnakin liyanavā
You love applesඔයා ඇපල්වලට කැමතියි
oyā æpalvalaṭa kæmatiyi
You give moneyඔයා මුදල් දෙනවා
oyā mudal denavā
You play tennisඔයා ටෙනිස් ක්‍රීඩා කරනවා
oyā ṭenis krīḍā karanavā
He reads a bookඔහු පොතක් කියවනවා
ohu potak kiyavanavā
He understands meඔහු මාව තේරුම් ගන්නවා
ohu māva tērum gannavā
She has a catඇයට පූසෙක් ඉන්නවා
æyaṭa pūsek innavā
She knows my friendඇය මගේ මිතුරා දන්නවා
æya magē miturā dannavā
We want to learnඅපට ඉගෙනගන්න ඕනෑ
apaṭa igenaganna ōnǣ
We think Spanish is easyස්පාඤ්ඤ ලෙහෙසියි කියා අපි හිතනවා
spāñña lehesiyi kiyā api hitanavā
You (plural) work hereඔයා මෙහෙ වැඩ කරනවා
oyā mehe væḍa karanavā
You (plural) speak Frenchඔයා ප්‍රංශ කතා කරනවා
oyā praṁśa katā karanavā
They drive a carඔවුන් කාර් එකක් පදවනවා
ovun kār ekak padavanavā
They smileඔවුන් සිනාසෙනවා
ovun sināsenavā

Questions?

If you have any questions, please contact me using the Sinhala contact form on the header above.

Survival Expressions

Below is a list of 28 words related to survival expressions such as emergencies, and calling for help. If you can memorize them by heart, you will be able to communicate better when in distress or when providing help to someone else who is in need.

Survival Expressions in Sinhala

Accidentරිය අනතුර
riya anatura
Allergyආසාත්මිකතාව
āsātmikatāva
Ambulanceගිලන්රථය
gilanrathaya
Asthmaඇදුම
æduma
Dangerඅනතුර
anatura
Doctorදොස්තර
dostara
Headacheහිසරදය
hisaradaya
Heart attackහෘදයාබාධය
hṛdayābādhaya
Help meමට උදව් කරන්න
maṭa udav karanna
Hospitalආරෝග්‍යශාලාව/ඉස්පිරිතාලය
ārōgyaśālāva/ispiritālaya
Medicinesබෙහෙත්
behet
Pharmacyෆාමසිය/ බෙහෙත් සාප්පුව
fāmasiya/ behet sāppuva
Poisonවස
vasa
Policeපොලීසිය
polīsiya
Stomach acheබඩේ අමාරුව
baḍē amāruva
Strokeආඝාතය
āghātaya

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Daily Conversation in Sinhala

Finally, here are some common sentences to strengthen your conversation skills. For a complete list of commonly used sentences, please visit our Sinhala Phrases page. Enjoy!

Common Expressions in Sinhala

Are you okay?ඔයා හොඳින්ද?
oyā hon̆dinda?
Call a doctor!දොස්තර කෙනෙකුට කෝල් කරන්න!
dostara kenekuṭa kōl karanna!
Call the ambulance!ගිලන් රථයට කෝල් කරන්න!
gilan rathayaṭa kōl karanna!
Call the police!පොලීසියට කෝල් කරන්න!
polīsiyaṭa kōl karanna!
Calm down!සන්සුන් වෙන්න!
sansun venna!
Fire!ගින්නක්!
ginnak!
I feel sickමට අසනීපයි වගේ
maṭa asanīpayi vagē
It hurts hereමෙතන රිදෙනවා
metana ridenavā
It's urgent!හදිස්සියක්!
hadissiyak!
Stop!නවතින්න!
navatinna!
Thief!හොරෙක්!
horek!
Where is the closest pharmacy?ළඟම පාමසිය තියෙන්නෙ කොහෙද?
ḷan̆gama pāmasiya tiyenne koheda?
You look beautiful! (to a woman)ඔයා ලස්සනයි!
oyā lassanayi!
You have a beautiful nameඔයාට ලස්සන නමක් තියෙනවා
oyāṭa lassana namak tiyenavā
This is my wifeමේ මගේ බිරිඳ
mē magē birin̆da
This is my husbandමේ මගේ සැමියා
mē magē sæmiyā

Fun Facts

Language Quote: ❝To have another language is to possess a second soul.❞ ‒Charlemagne

Congratulations! You finished your 13th lesson in Sinhala about the present tense, and survival expressions. Are you ready for the next lesson? We recommend Sinhala Lesson 14. You can also simply click on one of the links below or go back to our Learn Sinhala homepage.

Lessons Sinhala Lessons
Linguistic Sinhala Vocabulary
Culture Sinhala Phrases
Structure Sinhala Grammar