Adjectives

Sinhala Lesson 2 (Adjectives and Food)

Duration: 30 mins

Lessons Sinhala Lessons
Linguistic Sinhala Vocabulary
Culture Sinhala Phrases
Structure Sinhala Grammar

This second lesson teaches many important aspect in Sinhala like adjectives, vocabulary list about food and finally common phrases about greeting. I will try to give examples using both vocabulary and grammar. That way it will be easy for you to see the words when they are separate and when they are in a sentence. Going through the whole page should take about 30 min. Make sure to read the pronunciation and hear the audio as well. If you have any question about this course, please email me directly at Sinhala Classes.

Adjectives

Knowing adjectives in Sinhala is a powerful skill. It can make it easy to have a conversation about different topics by simply knowing some key words such as "good", "bad", "right", "wrong" etc. Adjectives are words used to describe or modify another person or thing in the sentence for example: I am happy. Sinhala is easy.

Below is a list of 20 adjectives that you might come across or use very often. The table contains 3 columns (English, Sinhala, and Audio). Make sure you repeat each word after hearing it by either clicking on the audio button or by reading the pronunciation. That should help with memorization as well as improving your pronunciation.

Adjectives List in Sinhala

Adjectives Sinhala
Tallඋස
usa
Shortකොට
koṭa
Bigලොකු
loku
Wideපුළුල්
puḷul
Longදිග
diga
Smallකුඩා
kuḍā
Thickමහත
mahata
Thinසිහින්
sihin
Newඅලුත්
alut
Old (opposite of new)පරණ
paraṇa
Cheapලාබයි
lābayi
Expensiveමිල අධික
mila adhika
Youngතරුණ
taruṇa
Old (opposite of young)වයසක
vayasaka
Wrongවැරදි
væradi
Right (correct)නිවැරදි
niværadi
Goodහොඳයි
hon̆dayi
Badනරකයි
narakayi
Difficultඅමාරු
amāru
Easyපහසු
pahasu

Now we will try to implement some of the words above into full Sinhala sentences. That way you will be able to use the word not only by itself but embedded in a structure.

Sinhala Adjectives in a Sentence

English Sinhala
Am I right or wrong?මම හරිද වැරදිද?
mama harida væradida?
Is he younger or older than you?ඔහු එබට වඩා බාලද වැඩිමල්ද?
ohu ebaṭa vaḍā bālada væḍimalda?
Is the test easy or difficult?විභාගය අලුත්ද පරණද?
vibhāgaya alutda paraṇada?
Is this book new or old?මේක අලුත් පොතක්ද පරණ පොතක්ද?
mēka alut potakda paraṇa potakda?
This is so expensiveමේක හුඟක් ගණන් වැඩියි
mēka hun̆gak gaṇan væḍiyi

Questions?

If you have any questions, please contact me using the Sinhala contact form on the header above.

Vocabulary List about Food

Below is a list of 50 words related to food such as fruits, vegetables and edible items. If you can memorize them by heart, you will be able to buy many food necessities from the supermarket or off the menu in a restaurant without a problem.

Food List in Sinhala

Food Sinhala
Breakfastඋදේ ආහාරය
udē āhāraya
Lunchදවල් ආහාරය
daval āhāraya
Dinnerරාත්‍රී ආහාරය
rātrī āhāraya
Mealභෝජනය
bhōjanaya
Applesඇපල්
æpal
Avocadosඅලිගැට පේර
aligæṭa pēra
Bananasකෙසෙල්
kesel
Beansබෝංචි
bōṁci
Breadපාන්
pān
Butterබටර්
baṭar
Carrots කැරට්
kæraṭ
Cheeseචීස්
cīs
Chickenකුකුල් මස්
kukul mas
Coffeeකෝපි
kōpi
Cornබඩ ඉරිඟු
baḍa irin̆gu
Cucumbersපිපිඤ්ඤා
pipiññā
Eggsබිත්තර
bittara
Figsෆිග්
fig
Fishමාළු
māḷu
Foodආහාර
āhāra
Fruitපලතුරු
palaturu
Garlicසුදුළුෑණු
suduḷuǣṇu
Grapesමුද්දරප්පලම්
muddarappalam
Ice creamඅයිස් ක්‍රීම්
ayis krīm
Lemonsලෙමන්
leman
Lettuceසලාද
salāda
Meatමස්
mas
Milkකිරි
kiri
Olivesඔලිව්
oliv
Onionsලොකුළූණු
lokuḷūṇu
Orange juiceදොඩම්
doḍam
Orangesදොඩම්
doḍam
Peachesපීච්
pīc
Pearsපෙයාස්
peyās
Peppersගම්මිරිස්
gammiris
Pineapplesඅන්නාසි
annāsi
Pizzaපීසා
pīsā
Potatoesඅර්තාපල්
artāpal
Pumpkinවට්ටක්කා
vaṭṭakkā
Saladසලාදය
salādaya
Saltලුණු
luṇu
Sandwichසැන්ඩ්විච්
sænḍvic
Soda (like Coke)සෝඩා
sōḍā
Strawberriesස්ට්‍රෝබෙරි
sṭrōberi
Sugarසීනි
sīni
Teaතේ
Tomatoesතක්කාලි
takkāli
Vegetablesඑළවලු
eḷavalu
Waterවතුර
vatura
Watermelonපැණි කොමඩු
pæṇi komaḍu

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Daily Conversation in Sinhala

Finally, a list of sentences using the vocabulary used in this lesson plus some bonus phrases. For a complete list of commonly used sentences, please visit our Sinhala Phrases page. Enjoy!

Common Expressions in Sinhala

English Sinhala
Are you thirsty?ඔයාට තිබහද?
oyāṭa tibahada?
I'm hungryමට බඩගිනියි
maṭa baḍaginiyi
Do you have a bottle of water?ඔයා ළඟ වතුර බෝතලයක් තියෙනවද?
oyā ḷan̆ga vatura bōtalayak tiyenavada?
Breakfast is readyඋදේ කෑම ලෑස්තියි
udē kǣma lǣstiyi
What kind of food do you like?ඔයා කැමති මොනවගේ කෑමටද?
oyā kæmati monavagē kǣmaṭada?
I like cheeseමම චීස් වලට කැමතියි
mama cīs valaṭa kæmatiyi
Bananas taste sweetකෙසෙල් පැණි රසයි
kesel pæṇi rasayi
I don't like cucumberමම පිපිඤ්ඤා වලට කැමති නැහැ
mama pipiññā valaṭa kæmati næhæ
I like bananasමම කෙසෙල් වලට කැමතියි
mama kesel valaṭa kæmatiyi
Lemons taste sourලෙමන් අැඹුල් රසයි
leman aæm̆bul rasayi
This fruit is deliciousමේ පලතුර රසයි
mē palatura rasayi
Vegetables are healthyඑළවළු සෞඛ්‍යාරක්‍ෂිතයි
eḷavaḷu saukhyārakṣitayi
Hi!කොහොමද!
kohomada!
Good morning!සුහ උදෑසනක්!
suha udǣsanak!
Good afternoon!සුභ පස්වරුවක්!
subha pasvaruvak!
Good evening!සුභ සැන්දෑවක්!
subha sændǣvak!
Welcome!සාදරයෙන් පිළිගනිමු
sādarayen piḷiganimu
How are you? (informal)ඔබට කොහොමද? (ආචාරශීලීව)
obaṭa kohomada? (ācāraśīlīva)
How are you? (formal)ඔයාට කොහොමද? (මිත්‍රශීලීව)
oyāṭa kohomada? (mitraśīlīva)
What's up? (colloquial) ඇයි මොකක්ද? (කථනයේදී)
æyi mokakda? (kathanayēdī)
I'm fine, thank you!මම හොඳින්, ඔබට ස්තූතියි!
mama hon̆din, obaṭa stūtiyi!
And you? (informal)ඔබට කොහොමද?(ආචාරශීලීව)
obaṭa kohomada?(ācāraśīlīva)
And you? (formal)ඔයාට කොහොමද?(මිත්‍රශීලීව)
oyāṭa kohomada?(mitraśīlīva)
Goodහොඳයි
hon̆dayi

Fun Facts

Language Quote that a palindrome is a word, phrase, number, or other sequence of characters which reads the same backward or forward. Allowances may be made for adjustments to capital letters, punctuation, and word dividers.

Congratulations! You finished your second lesson in Sinhala about adjectives, and food. Are you ready for the next lesson? We recommend Sinhala Lesson 3. You can also simply click on one of the links below or go back to our Learn Sinhala homepage.

Lessons Sinhala Lessons
Linguistic Sinhala Vocabulary
Culture Sinhala Phrases
Structure Sinhala Grammar