Verbs

Sinhala Lesson 12 (Verbs and Time)

Duration: 30 mins

Lessons Sinhala Lessons
Linguistic Sinhala Vocabulary
Culture Sinhala Phrases
Structure Sinhala Grammar

This is the 12th lesson about Sinhala verbs, as well as time expressions such as hours, days, and months. Finally some simple common phrases. I will try to give examples using both vocabulary and grammar. That way it will be easy for you to see the words when they are separate and when they are in a sentence. Going through the whole page should take about 30 min. Make sure to read the pronunciation and hear the audio as well. If you have any question about this course, please email me directly at Sinhala Classes.

Verbs

Before we move on to lessons about the present, past, and future, we need to discuss verbs in general. The verb is the second most used part of speech after the noun. That means we need to pay more attention to its different forms and tenses.

Below is a list of 16 verbs that you might come across or use very often. They are in their raw format (not conjugated yet). The table contains 3 columns (English, Sinhala, and Audio). Make sure you repeat each word after hearing it by either clicking on the audio button or by reading the pronunciation. That should help with memorization as well as improving your pronunciation.

Verbs List in Sinhala

Verbs Sinhala
To driveඑළවන්න වෙයි
eḷavanna veyi
To findරිය පැදවීමට
riya pædavīmaṭa
To giveදීම
dīma
To haveලබාගැනීමට
labāgænīmaṭa
To knowදැනගැනීමට
dænagænīmaṭa
To learnඉගෙනීමට
igenīmaṭa
To loveආදරය කිරීමට
ādaraya kirīmaṭa
To playක්‍රීඩා කිරීමට
krīḍā kirīmaṭa
To readකියවීමට
kiyavīmaṭa
To seeබැලීමට
bælīmaṭa
To smileසිනහසීමට
sinahasīmaṭa
To speakකතා කිරීමට
katā kirīmaṭa
To thinkසිතීමට
sitīmaṭa
To understandවටහාගැනීමට
vaṭahāgænīmaṭa
To workවැඩ කිරීමට
væḍa kirīmaṭa
To writeලිවීමට
livīmaṭa

Here is an example of the verb "to understand" conjugated into the past, present, and future.

Verb "to understand" in a Sentence

He understands meඔහු මාව තේරුම් ගන්නවා
ohu māva tērum gannavā
He understood meඔහු මාව වටහා ගත්තා
ohu māva vaṭahā gattā
He will understand meඔහු මාව තේරුම් ගනීවි
ohu māva tērum ganīvi

Questions?

If you have any questions, please contact me using the Sinhala contact form on the header above.

Vocabulary List about Time

Below is a list of 30 words related to time such as hours, days and months. If you can memorize them by heart, you will be able to discuss time related topics more easily.

Time in Sinhala

Time Sinhala
Daysසතියේ දින
satiyē dina
Mondayසඳුදා
san̆dudā
Tuesdayඅඟහරුවාදා
an̆gaharuvādā
Wednesdayබදාදා
badādā
Thursdayබ්‍රහස්පතින්දා
brahaspatindā
Fridayසිකුරාදා
sikurādā
Saturdayසෙනසුරාදා
senasurādā
Sundayඉරිදා
iridā
Januaryජනවාරි
janavāri
Februaryපෙබරවාරි
pebaravāri
Marchමාර්තු
mārtu
Aprilඅප්‍රේල්
aprēl
Mayමැයි
mæyi
Juneජුනි
juni
Julyජුලි
juli
Augustඅගෝස්තු
agōstu
Septemberසැප්තැම්බර්
sæptæmbar
Octoberඔක්තෝබර්
oktōbar
Novemberනොවැම්බර්
novæmbar
Decemberදෙසැම්බර්
desæmbar
Autumnසරත් ඍතුව
sarat ṛtuva
Winterශිශිර ඍතුව
śiśira ṛtuva
Springවසන්ත ඍතුව
vasanta ṛtuva
Summerගිම්හාන ඍතුව
gimhāna ṛtuva
Seasonsසෘතු
sṛtu
Monthsමාස
māsa
Timeවේලාව
vēlāva
Hourපැය
pæya
Minuteවිනාඩිය
vināḍiya
Secondදෙවැනි
devæni

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Daily Conversation in Sinhala

Finally, here are some popular phrases you might need to use daily. For a complete list of commonly used sentences, please visit our Sinhala Phrases page. Enjoy!

Common Expressions in Sinhala

English Sinhala
I was born in Julyමම ඉපදුනේ ජූලි මාසයේ
mama ipadunē jūli māsayē
I will visit you in Augustමම ඔයාව අගෝස්තුවේදී හම්බවෙන්නම්
mama oyāva agōstuvēdī hambavennam
See you tomorrow!හෙට හම්බවෙමු
heṭa hambavemu
Today is Mondayඅද සඳුදා
ada san̆dudā
Winter is very cold hereමෙහෙ සිසිර සෘතුව හරිම සීතලයි
mehe sisira sṛtuva harima sītalayi
Yesterday was Sundayඊයේ ඉරිදා
īyē iridā
Are you married?ඔයා බැඳලද?
oyā bæn̆dalada?
I'm singleමම තනිකඩයි
mama tanikaḍayi
Would you marry me?ඔයා මාව බඳිනවද?
oyā māva ban̆dinavada?
Can I have your phone number?මට ඔයාගෙ දුරකථන අංකය ගන්න පුළුවන්ද?
maṭa oyāge durakathana aṁkaya ganna puḷuvanda?
Can I have your email?මට ඔයාගෙ ඊමේල් ලිපිනය ගන්න පුළුවන්ද?
maṭa oyāge īmēl lipinaya ganna puḷuvanda?

Fun Facts

Language Quote: ❝Learn everything you can, anytime you can, from anyone you can; there will always come a time when you will be grateful you did.❞ ‒Sarah Caldwell

Congratulations! You finished your 12th lesson in Sinhala about verbs, and time. Are you ready for the next lesson? We recommend Sinhala Lesson 13. You can also simply click on one of the links below or go back to our Learn Sinhala homepage.

Lessons Sinhala Lessons
Linguistic Sinhala Vocabulary
Culture Sinhala Phrases
Structure Sinhala Grammar