Plural

Sinhala Lesson 3 (Plural and Languages)

Duration: 30 mins

Lessons Sinhala Lessons
Linguistic Sinhala Vocabulary
Culture Sinhala Phrases
Structure Sinhala Grammar

The 3rd lesson is about the plural in Sinhala and how to create it from the singular form. In addition, I will include a list of vocabulary about languages, nationalities, and countries. Finally, you will find some common everyday sentences. I will try to give examples using both vocabulary and grammar. That way it will be easy for you to see the words when they are separate and when they are in a sentence. Going through the whole page should take about 30 min. Make sure to read the pronunciation and hear the audio as well. If you have any question about this course, please email me directly at Sinhala Classes.

Plural

Knowing how to create the plural from the singular word can double the vocabulary you already know. It can make it easy to have a conversation about different topics by simply knowing some grammatical rules. For example how to change the word "book" to "books" or "woman" to "women".

Below is a list of singular words and their plural equivalent. I included examples about nature as well as about humans. The table contains 3 columns (English, Sinhala, and Audio). Make sure you repeat each word after hearing it by either clicking on the audio button or by reading the pronunciation. That should help with memorization as well as improving your pronunciation.

Singular vs. Plural in Sinhala

English Sinhala
Countryරට
raṭa
Countriesරටවල්
raṭaval
Lakeවැව
væva
Lakesවිල්
vil
Languageභාෂාව
bhāṣāva
Languagesභාෂා
bhāṣā
Womanගැහැණිය
gæhæṇiya
Womenගැහැණු
gæhæṇu
Manමිනිසා
minisā
Menමිනිස්සු
minissu
Boyපිරිමි ළමයා
pirimi ḷamayā
Boysකොල්ලෝ
kollō
Girlගැහැණු ළමයා
gæhæṇu ḷamayā
Girlsකෙල්ලෝ
kellō

Now we will try to implement some of the words above into full Sinhala sentences. That way you will be able to see how both forms are used when embedded in a structure.

Singular vs. Plural in a Sentence

English Sinhala
We speak two languagesඅපි භාෂා දෙකක් කතා කරනවා
api bhāṣā dekak katā karanavā
They speak four languagesඔවුන් භාෂා හතරක් කතා කරනවා
ovun bhāṣā hatarak katā karanavā
I visited one countryමම එක රටකට ගියා
mama eka raṭakaṭa giyā
She visited three countriesඇය රටවල් තුනකට ගියා
æya raṭaval tunakaṭa giyā
She has one sisterඇයට සහෝදරියක් ඉන්නවා
æyaṭa sahōdariyak innavā
He has two sistersඔහුට සහෝදරියො දෙන්නෙක් ඉන්නවා
ohuṭa sahōdariyo dennek innavā

Questions?

If you have any questions, please contact me using the Sinhala contact form on the header above.

Vocabulary List about Languages, Nationalities, and Countries

Below is a list of 50 words related to languages, nationalities, and countries. If you can memorize them by heart, you will be able to have a good conversation about how many languages you speak or where you came from.

Languages Nationalities and Countries List in Sinhala

English Sinhala
Arabic (language)අරාබි
arābi
Moroccan (nationality)මොරොක්කානු
morokkānu
Morocco (country)මොරොක්කෝව
morokkōva
Brazilian (language)බ්‍රසීල
brasīla
Brazilian (nationality)බ්‍රසීලියානු
brasīliyānu
Brazil (country)බ්‍රසීලය
brasīlaya
Chinese (language)චීන
cīna
Chinese (nationality)චීන
cīna
China (country)චීනය
cīnaya
English (language)Sinhala
Sinhala
British (nationality)බ්‍රිතාන්‍ය
britānya
Britain (country)බ්‍රිතාන්‍යය
britānyaya
American (nationality)ඇමරිකානු
æmarikānu
America (country)ඇමරිකාව
æmarikāva
French (language)ප්‍රංශ
praṁśa
French (nationality)ප්‍රංශ
praṁśa
France (country)ප්‍රංශය
praṁśaya
German (language)ජර්මානු
jarmānu
German (nationality)ජර්මානු
jarmānu
Germany (country)ජර්මනිය
jarmaniya
Greek (language)ග්‍රීක
grīka
Greek (nationality)ග්‍රීක
grīka
Greece (country)ග්‍රීසිය
grīsiya
Hindi (language)හින්දි
hindi
Indian (nationality)ඉන්දියානු
indiyānu
India (country)ඉන්දියාව
indiyāva
Irish (language)අයිර්ෂ්
ayirṣ
Irish (nationality)අයිරිෂ්
ayiriṣ
Ireland (country)අයර්ලන්තය
ayarlantaya
Italian (language)ඉතාලි
itāli
Italian (nationality)ඉතාලි
itāli
Italy (country)ඉතාලිය
itāliya
Japanese (language)ජපන්
japan
Japanese (nationality)ජපන්
japan
Japan (country)ජපානය
japānaya
Korean (language)කොරියන්
koriyan
Korean (nationality)කොරියානු
koriyānu
Korea (country)කොරියාව
koriyāva
Persian (language)පර්සියානු
parsiyānu
Iranian (nationality)ඉරාන
irāna
Iran (country)ඉරානය
irānaya
Portuguese (language)පෘතුගීසි
pṛtugīsi
Portuguese (nationality)පෘතුගීසි
pṛtugīsi
Portugal (country)පෘතුගාලය
pṛtugālaya
Russian (language)රුසියානු
rusiyānu
Russian (nationality)රුසියන්
rusiyan
Russia (country)රුසියාව
rusiyāva
Spanish (language)ස්පාඥ්ඥ
spāgngna
Spanish (nationality)ස්පාඤ්ඤ
spāñña
Spain (country)ස්පාඤ්ඤය
spāññaya

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Daily Conversation in Sinhala

Finally, a list of sentences about languages, nationalities, and countries plus some bonus phrases. For a complete list of commonly used sentences, please visit our Sinhala Phrases page. Enjoy!

Common Expressions in Sinhala

English Sinhala
Languages
I don't speak Koreanමම කොරියන් භාෂාව කතා කරන්නේ නෑ
mama koriyan bhāṣāva katā karannē nǣ
I love the Japanese languageමම ජපන් භාෂාවට කැමතියි
mama japan bhāṣāvaṭa kæmatiyi
I speak Italianමම ඉතාලි කතා කරනවා
mama itāli katā karanavā
I want to learn Spanishමට ස්පාඥ්ඥ භාෂාව ඉගෙන ගන්න ඕන
maṭa spāgngna bhāṣāva igena ganna ōna
My mother tongue is Germanමගේ මව් භාෂාව ජර්මන්
magē mav bhāṣāva jarman
Spanish is easy to learnස්පාඤ්ඤ ඉගෙන ගැනීමට ලේසියි
spāñña igena gænīmaṭa lēsiyi
Origins
He has a Moroccan rugමට මොරොක්කානු බුමුතුරුණක් තියෙනවා
maṭa morokkānu bumuturuṇak tiyenavā
I have an American carමට ඇමරිකන් කාර් එකක් තියෙනවා
maṭa æmarikan kār ekak tiyenavā
I love French cheeseමම ප්‍රංශ චීස් වලට කැමතියි
mama praṁśa cīs valaṭa kæmatiyi
I'm Italianමම ඉතාලියන්
mama itāliyan
My father is Greekමගේ තාත්තා ග්‍රීක
magē tāttā grīka
My wife is Koreanමගේ බිරිඳ කොරියානු
magē birin̆da koriyānu
Countries
Have you ever been to India?ඔයා ඉන්දියාවට ගිහිං තියෙනවද?
oyā indiyāvaṭa gihiṁ tiyenavada?
I came from Spainමම ආවේ ස්පාඤ්ඤයෙන්
mama āvē spāññayen
I live in Americaමම ජීවත්වෙන්නේ ඇමරිකාවේ
mama jīvatvennē æmarikāvē
I want to go to Germanyමට ජර්මනියට යන්න ඕන
maṭa jarmaniyaṭa yanna ōna
I was born in Italyමම ඉපදුනේ ඉතාලියේ
mama ipadunē itāliyē
Japan is a beautiful countryජපානය ලස්සන රටක්
japānaya lassana raṭak
Phrases
Long time no seeබොහෝ කාලෙකට පස්සේ
bohō kālekaṭa passē
I missed youමට ඔබ මතක් වුනා
maṭa oba matak vunā
What's new?මොනවද අලුත් තොරතුරු?
monavada alut toraturu?
Nothing newඅලුත් දෙයක් නැහැ
alut deyak næhæ
Make yourself at home!ගෙදරදි ඔබ විසින්ම හදාගන්න!
gedaradi oba visinma hadāganna!
Have a good tripහොඳ ගමනක් වේවා
hon̆da gamanak vēvā

Fun Facts

Language Quote that by simply knowing how to form the plural, you can double the number of nouns in your vocabulary, without having to memorize all the plural form.

Congratulations! You finished your third lesson in Sinhala about singular, plural, languages, nationalities, and countries. Are you ready for the next lesson? We recommend Sinhala Lesson 4. You can also simply click on one of the links below or go back to our Learn Sinhala homepage.

Lessons Sinhala Lessons
Linguistic Sinhala Vocabulary
Culture Sinhala Phrases
Structure Sinhala Grammar