Numbers

Korean Lesson 6 (Numbers and School)

Duration: 30 mins

Lessons Korean Lessons
Linguistic Korean Vocabulary
Culture Korean Phrases
Structure Korean Grammar

The 6th lesson teaches counting in cardinal and ordinal numbers in Korean. I also included a vocabulary list about school and finally common daily phrases. I will try to give examples using both vocabulary and grammar. That way it will be easy for you to see the words when they are separate and when they are in a sentence. Going through the whole page should take about 30 min. Make sure to read the pronunciation and hear the audio as well. If you have any question about this course, please email me directly at Korean Classes.

Numbers

Knowing how to count in Korean is essential and should be one of first things to learn. By simply knowing numbers from 1 to 9 you could express large numbers in a simplified way. Cardinal numbers are for counting such as "1, 2, 3 ...". Ordinal numbers represent order or rank such as "1st, 2nd, 3rd ...".

Below is a list of the first 20 cardinal and ordinal numbers that you might come across or use very often. The table contains 3 columns (English, Korean, and Audio). Make sure you repeat each word after hearing it by either clicking on the audio button or by reading the pronunciation. That should help with memorization as well as improving your pronunciation.

Numbers in Korean

Numbers Korean Audio
One하나 [dul]
First첫 번째 [du beonjjae]
Two둘 [ses]
Second두 번째 [se beonjjae]
Three셋 [nes]
Third세 번째 [ne beonjjae]
Four넷 [daseos]
Fourth네 번째 [daseos beonjjae]
Five다섯 [yeoseos]
Fifth다섯 번째 [yeoseos beonjjae]
Six여섯 [ilgob]
Sixth여섯 번째 [ilgob beonjjae]
Seven일곱 [yeodeolb]
Seventh일곱 번째 [yeodeolb beonjjae]
Eight여덟 [ahob]
Eighth여덟 번째 [ahob beonjjae]
Nine아홉 [yeol]
Ninth아홉 번째 [yeol beonjjae]
Ten열 [yeolhana]
Tenth열 번째 [yeolhan beonjjae]
Eleven열하나 [yeoldul]
Eleventh열한 번째 [yeoldu beonjjae]
Twelve열둘 [yeolses]
Twelfth열두 번째 [yeolse beonjjae]
Thirteen열셋 [yeolnes]
Thirteenth열세 번째 [yeolne beonjjae]
Fourteen열넷 [yeoldaseos]
Fourteenth열네 번째 [yeoldaseos beonjjae]
Fifteen열다섯 [yeol-yeoseos]
Fifteenth열다섯 번째 [yeol-yeoseos beonjjae]
Sixteen열여섯 [yeol-ilgob]
Sixteenth열여섯 번째 [yeol-ilgob beonjjae]
Seventeen열일곱 [yeol-yeodeolb]
Seventeenth열일곱 번째 [yeol-yeodeolb beonjjae]
Eighteen열여덟 [yeol-ahob]
Eighteenth열여덟 번째 [yeol-ahob beonjjae]
Nineteen열아홉 [seumul]
Nineteenth열아홉 번째 [seumubeonjjae]
Twenty스물 [seoleunses/samsibsam]
Twentieth스무번째 [baeg]
Thirty three (31)서른셋/삼십삼 [sambaeg-yugsib]
One hundred (100)백 [cheon]
Three hundred and sixty (360)삼백육십 [icheonsasib]
One thousand (1000)천 [baegman]
Two thousand and fourteen (2014)이천사십 [han beon]
One million백만 [du beon]
Once한 번 [jeoneun seoleunsal-ibnida]
Twice두 번 [jeoneun du myeong-ui yeodongsaeng-gwa han myeong-ui namdongsaeng-i issseubnida]

Now we will try to implement some of the numbers above into full Korean sentences. That way you will be able to use the word not only by itself but embedded in a structure.

Korean Numbers in a Sentence

Numbers Korean Audio
I'm 30 years old저는 서른살입니다 [yeong-eoneun je mogug-eoibnida]
I have 2 sisters and 1 brother저는 두 명의 여동생과 한 명의 남동생이 있습니다 [geunyeoui je 2 eon-eoneun seupein-eoibnida]
English is my first language영어는 제 모국어입니다 [dab]
Her second language is Spanish그녀의 제 2 언어는 스페인어입니다 [chaeg]

Questions?

If you have any questions, please contact me If you simply want to ask a question, please Korean contact form on the header above.

Vocabulary List about School

Below is a list of 26 words related to school and classrooms. If you can memorize them by heart, you will be able communicate to a teacher/students many objects in your class.

School Words in Korean

School Korean Audio
Answer답 [chaeg]
Book책 [uija]
Books책 [chaegsang]
Chair의자 [sajeon]
Desk책상 [noteubug]
Dictionary사전 [doseogwan]
Laptop노트북 [gongchaeg]
Library도서관 [peiji]
Notebook (paper notebook)공책 [jong-i]
Page페이지 [pen]
Paper종이 [yeonpil]
Pen펜 [munje]
Pencil연필 [haggyo]
Question문제 [hagsaeng]
School학교 [seonsaengnim]
Student학생 [daehaggyo]
Teacher선생님 [jilmun-i iss-eoyo]
University대학교 [deudda]

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Daily Conversation in Korean

Finally, a couple bonus sentences that you might find useful. For a complete list of commonly used sentences, please visit our Korean Phrases page. Enjoy!

Common Expressions in Korean

English Korean Audio
I have a question질문이 있어요 [ilgda]
To listen듣다 [malhada]
To read읽다 [saeng-gaghada]
To speak말하다 [ihaehada]
To think생각하다 [sseuda]
To understand이해하다 [i chaeg ileum-i mwoyeyo?]
To write쓰다 [geumbang dol-aolgeyo!]
What's the name of that book?이 책 이름이 뭐예요? [mannaseo bangawoss-eoyo]
What do you do for a living?금방 돌아올게요! [ma-eum-e deul-eoyo!]
I'm a (teacher / artist / engineer)만나서 반가웠어요 [nongdam-ieyo]
Oh! That's good!마음에 들어요! [aniyo]
Can I practice with you?농담이에요 [amugeosdo~anida]

Fun Facts

Language Quote: Approximately one new word is added to the English language every two hours and around 4,000 new words are added to the English dictionary every year.

Congratulations! You finished your 6th lesson in Korean about numbers, and school terms. Are you ready for the next lesson? We recommend Korean Lesson 7. You can also simply click on one of the links below or go back to our Learn Korean homepage.

Lessons Korean Lessons
Linguistic Korean Vocabulary
Culture Korean Phrases
Structure Korean Grammar