Plural

Korean Lesson 3 (Plural and Languages)

Duration: 30 mins

Lessons Korean Lessons
Linguistic Korean Vocabulary
Culture Korean Phrases
Structure Korean Grammar

The 3rd lesson is about the plural in Korean and how to create it from the singular form. In addition, I will include a list of vocabulary about languages, nationalities, and countries. Finally, you will find some common everyday sentences. I will try to give examples using both vocabulary and grammar. That way it will be easy for you to see the words when they are separate and when they are in a sentence. Going through the whole page should take about 30 min. Make sure to read the pronunciation and hear the audio as well. If you have any question about this course, please email me directly at Korean Classes.

Plural

Knowing how to create the plural from the singular word can double the vocabulary you already know. It can make it easy to have a conversation about different topics by simply knowing some grammatical rules. For example how to change the word "book" to "books" or "woman" to "women".

Below is a list of singular words and their plural equivalent. I included examples about nature as well as about humans. The table contains 3 columns (English, Korean, and Audio). Make sure you repeat each word after hearing it by either clicking on the audio button or by reading the pronunciation. That should help with memorization as well as improving your pronunciation.

Singular vs. Plural in Korean

English Korean Audio
Country국가/나라
gugga/nala
Countries국가
gugga
Lake호수
hosu
Lakes호수들
hosudeul
Language언어
eon-eo
Languages언어
eon-eo
Woman여자
yeoja
Women여자들
yeojadeul
Man남자
namja
Men남자들
namjadeul
Boy소년
sonyeon
Boys소년들
sonyeondeul
Girl소녀
sonyeo
Girls소녀들
sonyeodeul

Now we will try to implement some of the words above into full Korean sentences. That way you will be able to see how both forms are used when embedded in a structure.

Singular vs. Plural in a Sentence

English Korean Audio
We speak two languages우리는 두 개의 언어들로 말해요
ulineun du gaeui eon-eodeullo malhaeyo
They speak four languages그들은 사개국어로 말해요
geudeul-eun sagaegug-eolo malhaeyo
I visited one country저는 한 나라를 방문했어요
jeoneun han nalaleul bangmunhaess-eoyo
She visited three countries그녀는 세 나라들을 방문했어요
geunyeoneun se naladeul-eul bangmunhaess-eoyo
She has one sister그녀는 한 명의 여동생이 있어요
geunyeoneun han myeong-ui yeodongsaeng-i iss-eoyo
He has two sisters그는 두 명의 여동생이 있어요
geuneun du myeong-ui yeodongsaeng-i iss-eoyo

Questions?

If you have any questions, please contact me using the Korean contact form on the header above.

Vocabulary List about Languages, Nationalities, and Countries

Below is a list of 50 words related to languages, nationalities, and countries. If you can memorize them by heart, you will be able to have a good conversation about how many languages you speak or where you came from.

Languages Nationalities and Countries List in Korean

English Korean Audio
Arabic (language)아랍어
alab-eo
Moroccan (nationality)모로코인/모로코의
molokoin/molokoui
Morocco (country)모로코
moloko
Brazilian (language)브라질어
beulajil-eo
Brazilian (nationality)브라질인/브라질의
beulajil-in/beulajil-ui
Brazil (country)브라질
beulajil
Chinese (language)중국어
jung-gug-eo
Chinese (nationality)중국인/중국의
jung-gug-in/jung-gug-ui
China (country)중국
jung-gug
English (language)Korean
Korean
British (nationality)영국인/영국의
yeong-gug-in/yeong-gug-ui
Britain (country)영국
yeong-gug
American (nationality)미국인/미국의
migug-in/migug-ui
America (country)미국
migug
French (language)프랑스어
peulangseueo
French (nationality)프랑스인/프랑스의
peulangseu-in/peulangseuui
France (country)프랑스
peulangseu
German (language)독일어
dog-il-eo
German (nationality)독일인/독일의
dog-il-in/dog-il-ui
Germany (country)독일
dog-il
Greek (language)그리스어
geuliseueo
Greek (nationality)그리스인/그리스의
geuliseu-in/geuliseuui
Greece (country)그리스
geuliseu
Hindi (language)힌디어
hindieo
Indian (nationality)인도인/인도의
indoin/indoui
India (country)인도
indo
Irish (language)아일랜드어
aillaendeueo
Irish (nationality)아일랜드인/아일랜드의
aillaendeu-in/aillaendeuui
Ireland (country)아일랜드
aillaendeu
Italian (language)이탈리아어
itallia-eo
Italian (nationality)이탈리아인/이탈리아의
italliain/italliaui
Italy (country)이탈리아
itallia
Japanese (language)일본어
ilbon-eo
Japanese (nationality)일본인/일본의
ilbon-in/ilbon-ui
Japan (country)일본
ilbon
Korean (language)한국어
hangug-eo
Korean (nationality)한국인/한국의
hangug-in/hangug-ui
Korea (country)대한민국
daehanmingug
Persian (language)페르시아어
peleusia-eo
Iranian (nationality)이란인/이란의
ilan-in/ilan-ui
Iran (country)이란
ilan
Portuguese (language)포르투갈어
poleutugal-eo
Portuguese (nationality)포르투갈인/포르투갈의
poleutugal-in/poleutugal-ui
Portugal (country)포르투갈
poleutugal
Russian (language)러시아어
leosia-eo
Russian (nationality)러시아인/러시아의
leosiain/leosiaui
Russia (country)러시아
leosia
Spanish (language)스페인어
seupein-eo
Spanish (nationality)스페인인/스페인의
seupein-in/seupein-ui
Spain (country)스페인
seupein

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Daily Conversation in Korean

Finally, a list of sentences about languages, nationalities, and countries plus some bonus phrases. For a complete list of commonly used sentences, please visit our Korean Phrases page. Enjoy!

Common Expressions in Korean

English Korean Audio
Languages
I don't speak Korean저는 한국어를 못해요
jeoneun hangug-eoleul moshaeyo
I love the Japanese language저는 일본어를 좋아해요
jeoneun ilbon-eoleul joh-ahaeyo
I speak Italian저는 이탈리아어를 해요
jeoneun itallia-eoleul haeyo
I want to learn Spanish저는 스페인어를 배우고 싶어요
jeoneun seupein-eoleul baeugo sip-eoyo
My mother tongue is German저의 모국어는 독일어예요
jeoui mogug-eoneun dog-il-eoyeyo
Spanish is easy to learn스페인어는 배우기 쉬워요
seupein-eoneun baeugi swiwoyo
Origins
He has a Moroccan rug그는 모로코산 러그를 좋아해요
geuneun molokosan leogeuleul joh-ahaeyo
I have an American car저는 미국 자동차를 가지고 있어요
jeoneun migug jadongchaleul gajigo iss-eoyo
I love French cheese저는 프랑스 치즈를 좋아해요
jeoneun peulangseu chijeuleul joh-ahaeyo
I'm Italian저는 이탈리아인이에요
jeoneun italliain-ieyo
My father is Greek저의 아버지는 그리스인이에요
jeoui abeojineun geuliseu-in-ieyo
My wife is Korean제 아내는 한국인이에요
je anaeneun hangug-in-ieyo
Countries
Have you ever been to India?인도에 간 적 있어요?
indo-e gan jeog iss-eoyo?
I came from Spain저는 스페인에서 왔어요
jeoneun seupein-eseo wass-eoyo
I live in America저는 미국에 살고 있어요
jeoneun migug-e salgo iss-eoyo
I want to go to Germany저는 독일에 가고 싶어요
jeoneun dog-il-e gago sip-eoyo
I was born in Italy저는 이탈리아에서 태어났어요
jeoneun itallia-eseo taeeonass-eoyo
Japan is a beautiful country일본은 아름다운 나라에요
ilbon-eun aleumdaun nala-eyo
Phrases
Long time no see오랜만이에요
olaenman-ieyo
I missed you보고싶었어요
bogosip-eoss-eoyo
What's new?무슨 일 있어요?
museun il iss-eoyo?
Nothing new아무 일 없어요
amu il eobs-eoyo
Make yourself at home!편하게 있어요
pyeonhage iss-eoyo
Have a good trip좋은 여행 되세요
joh-eun yeohaeng doeseyo

Fun Facts

Language Quote that by simply knowing how to form the plural, you can double the number of nouns in your vocabulary, without having to memorize all the plural form.

Congratulations! You finished your third lesson in Korean about singular, plural, languages, nationalities, and countries. Are you ready for the next lesson? We recommend Korean Lesson 4. You can also simply click on one of the links below or go back to our Learn Korean homepage.

Lessons Korean Lessons
Linguistic Korean Vocabulary
Culture Korean Phrases
Structure Korean Grammar