Korean Lesson 3 (Plural and Languages)

Duration: 30 mins

Lessons Korean Lessons
Linguistic Korean Vocabulary
Culture Korean Phrases
Structure Korean Grammar

The 3rd lesson is about the plural in Korean and how to create it from the singular form. In addition, I will include a list of vocabulary about languages, nationalities, and countries. Finally, you will find some common everyday sentences. I will try to give examples using both vocabulary and grammar. That way it will be easy for you to see the words when they are separate and when they are in a sentence. Going through the whole page should take about 30 min. Make sure to read the pronunciation and hear the audio as well. If you have any question about this course, please email me directly at Korean Classes.


Knowing how to create the plural from the singular word can double the vocabulary you already know. It can make it easy to have a conversation about different topics by simply knowing some grammatical rules. For example how to change the word "book" to "books" or "woman" to "women".

Below is a list of singular words and their plural equivalent. I included examples about nature as well as about humans. The table contains 3 columns (English, Korean, and Audio). Make sure you repeat each word after hearing it by either clicking on the audio button or by reading the pronunciation. That should help with memorization as well as improving your pronunciation.

Singular vs. Plural in Korean

English Korean Audio
Country소녀 [gugga/nala]
Countries소녀들 [guggadeul/naladeul]
Lake국가/나라 [yeoja]
Lakes국가들/나라들 [yeojadeul]
Language여자 [namja]
Languages여자들 [namjadeul]
Woman남자 [sonyeon]
Women남자들 [sonyeondeul]
Man소년 [eon-eo]
Men소년들 [eon-eodeul]
Boy언어 [hosu]
Boys언어들 [hosudeul]
Girl호수 [ulineun dugaeui eon-eodeullo malhaeyo]
Girls호수들 [geudeul-eun sagaegug-eolo malhaeyo]

Now we will try to implement some of the words above into full Korean sentences. That way you will be able to see how both forms are used when embedded in a structure.

Singular vs. Plural in a Sentence

English Korean Audio
We speak two languages우리는 두개의 언어들로 말해요 [jeoneun han nalaleul bangmunhaess-eoyo]
They speak four languages그들은 사개국어로 말해요 [geunyeoneun se naladeul-eul bangmunhaess-eoyo]
I visited one country저는 한 나라를 방문했어요 [geunyeoneun yeodongsaeng hanmyeong-i iss-eoyo]
She visited three countries그녀는 세 나라들을 방문했어요 [geuneun yeodongsaeng dumyeong-i iss-eoyo]
She has one sister그녀는 여동생 한명이 있어요 [jung-gug-eo]
He has two sisters그는 여동생 두명이 있어요 [jung-gug-in]


If you have any questions, please contact me If you simply want to ask a question, please Korean contact form on the header above.

Vocabulary List about Languages, Nationalities, and Countries

Below is a list of 50 words related to languages, nationalities, and countries. If you can memorize them by heart, you will be able to have a good conversation about how many languages you speak or where you came from.

Languages Nationalities and Countries List in Korean

English Korean Audio
Arabic (language)중국어 [jung-gug]
Moroccan (nationality)중국인 [yeong-eo]
Morocco (country)중국 [migug-in]
Brazilian (language)영어 [migug]
Brazilian (nationality)미국인 [poleutugal-eo]
Brazil (country)미국 [beulajil-in]
Chinese (language)포르투갈어 [beulajil]
Chinese (nationality)브라질인 [alab-eo]
China (country)브라질 [moloko in/salam]
English (language)아랍어 [moloko]
British (nationality)모로코 인/사람 [peulangseu-in]
Britain (country)모로코 [peulangseu]
American (nationality)프랑스인 [peulangseueo]
America (country)프랑스 [dog-il-in]
French (language)프랑스어 [dog-il]
French (nationality)독일인 [dog-il-eo]
France (country)독일 [geuliseu-in]
German (language)독일어 [geuliseu]
German (nationality)그리스인 [geuliseueo]
Germany (country)그리스 [yudaein]
Greek (language)그리스어 [iseula-el]
Greek (nationality)유대인 [hindieo]
Greece (country)이스라엘 [ailiswiin]
Hindi (language)힌디어 [aillaendeu]
Indian (nationality)아이리쉬인 [aillaendeueo]
India (country)아일랜드 [italliain]
Irish (language)아일랜드어 [itallia]
Irish (nationality)이탈리아인 [itallia-eo]
Ireland (country)이탈리아 [ilbon-in]
Italian (language)이탈리아어 [ilbon]
Italian (nationality)일본인 [ilbon-eo]
Italy (country)일본 [hangug-in]
Japanese (language)일본어 [daehanmingug]
Japanese (nationality)한국인 [hangug-eo]
Japan (country)대한민국 [yeong-gug-in]
Korean (language)한국어 [yeong-gug]
Korean (nationality)영국인 [peleusia-eo]
Korea (country)영국 [ilan-in]
Persian (language)페르시아어 [ilan]
Iranian (nationality)이란인 [poleutugal-eo]
Iran (country)이란 [poleutugal-in]
Portuguese (language)포르투갈어 [poleutugal]
Portuguese (nationality)포르투갈인 [leosia-eo]
Portugal (country)포르투갈 [leosiain]
Russian (language)러시아어 [leosia]
Russian (nationality)러시아인 [seupein-eo]
Russia (country)러시아 [seupein-in]
Spanish (language)스페인어 [seupein]
Spanish (nationality)스페인인 [jeo hangug-eo moshaeyo]
Spain (country)스페인 [jeoneun ilbon-eoleul joh-ahaeyo]


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Daily Conversation in Korean

Finally, a list of sentences about languages, nationalities, and countries plus some bonus phrases. For a complete list of commonly used sentences, please visit our Korean Phrases page. Enjoy!

Common Expressions in Korean

English Korean Audio
I don't speak Korean저 한국어 못해요 [jeoneun itallia-eoleul haeyo]
I love the Japanese language저는 일본어를 좋아해요 [jeo seupein-eo baeugo sip-eoyo]
I speak Italian저는 이탈리아어를 해요 [jeoui mogug-eoneun dog-il-eoyeyo]
I want to learn Spanish저 스페인어 배우고 싶어요 [seupein-eoneun baeugi swiwoyo]
My mother tongue is German저의 모국어는 독일어예요 [geuneun molokosan deopgaeleul joh-ahaeyo]
Spanish is easy to learn스페인어는 배우기 쉬워요 [jeoneun migug jadongchaleul gajigo iss-eoyo]
He has a Moroccan rug그는 모로코산 덮개를 좋아해요 [jeoneun peulangseu chijeuleul joh-ahaeyo]
I have an American car저는 미국 자동차를 가지고 있어요 [jeoneun italliain-ieyo]
I love French cheese저는 프랑스 치즈를 좋아해요 [jeoui abeojineun geuliseu-in-ieyo]
I'm Italian저는 이탈리아인이에요 [je anaeneun hangug-in-ieyo]
My father is Greek저의 아버지는 그리스인이에요 [indo-e gan jeog iss-eoyo?]
My wife is Korean제 아내는 한국인이에요 [jeoneun seupein-eseo wassseubnida]
Have you ever been to India?인도에 간 적 있어요? [jeoneun migug-e salgo issseubnida]
I came from Spain저는 스페인에서 왔습니다 [jeoneun dog-il-e gago sipseubnida]
I live in America저는 미국에 살고 있습니다 [jeoneun itallia-eseo taeeonass-eoyo]
I want to go to Germany저는 독일에 가고 싶습니다 [ilbon-eun aleumdaun nalaibnida]
I was born in Italy저는 이탈리아에서 태어났어요 [olaenman-ieyo]
Japan is a beautiful country일본은 아름다운 나라입니다 [bogosip-eoss-eoyo]
Long time no see오랜만이에요 [museun il iss-eoyo?]
I missed you보고싶었어요 [amu il eobs-eoyo]
What's new?무슨 일 있어요? [pyeonhage iss-eoyo]
Nothing new아무 일 없어요 [joh-eun yeohaeng doeseyo]
Make yourself at home!편하게 있어요 [~bandaehayeo/daejojeog-eulo]
Have a good trip좋은 여행 되세요 [-e daehan]

Fun Facts

Language Quote that by simply knowing how to form the plural, you can double the number of nouns in your vocabulary, without having to memorize all the plural form.

Congratulations! You finished your third lesson in Korean about singular, plural, languages, nationalities, and countries. Are you ready for the next lesson? We recommend Korean Lesson 4. You can also simply click on one of the links below or go back to our Learn Korean homepage.

Lessons Korean Lessons
Linguistic Korean Vocabulary
Culture Korean Phrases
Structure Korean Grammar