Past Tense

Korean Lesson 14 (Past Tense & Colors)

Duration: 30 mins

Lessons Korean Lessons
Linguistic Korean Vocabulary
Culture Korean Phrases
Structure Korean Grammar

This 14th lesson deals with the past tense in Korean. In addition I included a vocabulary list about colors, as well as some basic phrases. I will try to give examples using both vocabulary and grammar. That way it will be easy for you to see the words when they are separate and when they are in a sentence. Going through the whole page should take about 30 min. Make sure to read the pronunciation and hear the audio as well. If you have any question about this course, please email me directly at Korean Classes.


The past is one of the 3 tenses (present, past, and future) we will be discussing in the next 3 lessons. So it is recommended not to skip any of them because they are all related.

Below is a list of 15 sentences conjugated into the past tense. I focused on the examples you might come across or use very often. The table contains 3 columns (English, Korean, and Audio). Make sure you repeat each word after hearing it by either clicking on the audio button or by reading the pronunciation. That should help with memorization as well as improving your pronunciation.

Past Tense in Korean

Past Korean Audio
I saw you저는 당신을 봤습니다 [jeoneun dangsin-eul bwassseubnida]
I wrote with a pen저는 펜으로 썼습니다 [jeoneun pen-eulo sseossseubnida]
You loved apples당신은 사과들을 좋아했습니다 [dangsin-eun sagwadeul-eul joh-ahaessseubnida]
You gave money당신은 돈을 주었습니다 [dangsin-eun don-eul jueossseubnida]
You played tennis당신은 테니스를 쳤습니다 [dangsin-eun teniseuleul chyeossseubnida]
He read (past tense) a book그는 책을 읽었습니다 [geuneun chaeg-eul ilg-eossseubnida]
He understood me그는 나를 이해했습니다 [geuneun naleul ihaehaessseubnida]
She had a cat그녀는 고양이를 가졌었습니다 [geunyeoneun goyang-ileul gajyeoss-eossseubnida]
She knew my friend그녀는 제 친구를 알았습니다 [geunyeoneun je chinguleul al-assseubnida]
We wanted to learn우리는 배우고 싶었습니다 [ulineun baeugo sip-eossseubnida]
We thought Spanish is easy우리는 스페인어가 쉽다고 생각했습니다 [ulineun seupein-eoga swibdago saeng-gaghaessseubnida]
You (plural) worked here당신들은 여기서 일했습니다 [dangsindeul-eun yeogiseo ilhaessseubnida]
You (plural) spoke French당신들은 프랑스어를 썼습니다 [dangsindeul-eun peulangseueoleul sseossseubnida]
They drove a car그들은 차를 운전했습니다 [geudeul-eun chaleul unjeonhaessseubnida]
They smiled그들은 웃었습니다 [geudeul-eun us-eossseubnida]


If you have any questions, please contact me If you simply want to ask a question, please Korean contact form on the header above.

List of Colors in Korean

Below is a list of 18 words and expressions related to colors.

Colors in Korean

Colors Korean Audio
Black검정 [geomjeong]
Blue파랑 [palang]
Brown갈색 [galsaeg]
Colors색깔; 색 [saegkkal; saeg]
Dark color어두운색 [eoduunsaeg]
Gray회색 [hoesaeg]
Green초록 [cholog]
Light color밝은색 [balg-eunsaeg]
Orange오렌지/주황 [olenji/juhwang]
Red빨강 [ppalgang]
White백색 [baegsaeg]
Yellow노랑 [nolang]


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Daily Conversation in Korean

Finally, here are some common sentences to strengthen your conversation skills. For a complete list of commonly used sentences, please visit our Korean Phrases page. Enjoy!

Common Expressions in Korean

English Korean Audio
Black is his favorite color검정은 제가 가장 좋아하는 색깔입니다 [geomjeong-eun jega gajang joh-ahaneun saegkkal-ibnida]
I have black hair제 머리는 검은색입니다. [je meolineun geom-eunsaeg-ibnida.]
Red is not his favorite color빨강은 그가 가장 좋아하는 색깔입니다 [ppalgang-eun geuga gajang joh-ahaneun saegkkal-ibnida]
She drives a yellow car그녀는 노란 차를 운전합니다 [geunyeoneun nolan chaleul unjeonhabnida]
The sky is blue하늘이 파랗습니다. [haneul-i palahseubnida.]
Your cat is white당신의 고양이는 하얗습니다 [dangsin-ui goyang-ineun hayahseubnida]
I enjoyed myself very much얼 것 같아요 [eol geos gat-ayo]
I agree with you추워요 [chuwoyo]
Are you sure?더워요 [deowoyo]
Be careful!그저 그래요/보통이에요 [geujeo geulaeyo/botong-ieyo]
Cheers!산책할래요? [sanchaeghallaeyo?]
Would you like to go for a walk?공휴일 소원 [gonghyuil sowon]

Fun Facts

Language Quote: ❝To have another language is to possess a second soul.❞ ‒Charlemagne

Congratulations! You finished your 14th lesson in Korean about the past tense, and a vocabulary list about colors. Are you ready for the next lesson? We recommend Korean Lesson 15. You can also simply click on one of the links below or go back to our Learn Korean homepage.

Lessons Korean Lessons
Linguistic Korean Vocabulary
Culture Korean Phrases
Structure Korean Grammar