Adjectives

Korean Lesson 2 (Adjectives and Food)

Duration: 30 mins

Lessons Korean Lessons
Linguistic Korean Vocabulary
Culture Korean Phrases
Structure Korean Grammar

This second lesson teaches many important aspect in Korean like adjectives, vocabulary list about food and finally common phrases about greeting. I will try to give examples using both vocabulary and grammar. That way it will be easy for you to see the words when they are separate and when they are in a sentence. Going through the whole page should take about 30 min. Make sure to read the pronunciation and hear the audio as well. If you have any question about this course, please email me directly at Korean Classes.

Adjectives

Knowing adjectives in Korean is a powerful skill. It can make it easy to have a conversation about different topics by simply knowing some key words such as "good", "bad", "right", "wrong" etc. Adjectives are words used to describe or modify another person or thing in the sentence for example: I am happy. Korean is easy.

Below is a list of 20 adjectives that you might come across or use very often. The table contains 3 columns (English, Korean, and Audio). Make sure you repeat each word after hearing it by either clicking on the audio button or by reading the pronunciation. That should help with memorization as well as improving your pronunciation.

Adjectives List in Korean

Adjectives Korean Audio
Tall키가 큰
kiga keun
Short짧은
jjalb-eun
Big
keun
Wide넓은
neolb-eun
Long
gin
Small작은
jag-eun
Thick두꺼운
dukkeoun
Thin얇은
yalb-eun
New새로운
saeloun
Old (opposite of new)오래된
olaedoen
Cheap싸다
ssada
Expensive비싸다
bissada
Young젊은
jeolm-eun
Old (opposite of young)늙은
neulg-eun
Wrong잘못된
jalmosdoen
Right (correct)올바른
olbaleun
Good좋아
joh-a
Bad나빠
nappa
Difficult어려운
eolyeoun
Easy쉬운
swiun

Now we will try to implement some of the words above into full Korean sentences. That way you will be able to use the word not only by itself but embedded in a structure.

Korean Adjectives in a Sentence

English Korean Audio
Am I right or wrong?제가 맞나요 틀렸나요?
jega majnayo teullyeossnayo?
Is he younger or older than you?그가 당신보다 나이가 적은가요 많은가요?
geuga dangsinboda naiga jeog-eungayo manh-eungayo?
Is the test easy or difficult?시험이 쉬워요 어려워요?
siheom-i swiwoyo eolyeowoyo?
Is this book new or old?이 책 새거예요 헌거예요?
i chaeg saegeoyeyo heongeoyeyo?
This is so expensive이것은 너무 비싸요
igeos-eun neomu bissayo

Questions?

If you have any questions, please contact me using the Korean contact form on the header above.

Vocabulary List about Food

Below is a list of 50 words related to food such as fruits, vegetables and edible items. If you can memorize them by heart, you will be able to buy many food necessities from the supermarket or off the menu in a restaurant without a problem.

Food List in Korean

Food Korean Audio
Breakfast아침 식사
achim sigsa
Lunch점심 식사
jeomsim sigsa
Dinner저녁 식사
jeonyeog sigsa
Meal식사
sigsa
Apples사과
sagwa
Avocados아보카도
abokado
Bananas바나나
banana
Beans
kong
Bread
ppang
Butter버터
beoteo
Carrots 당근
dang-geun
Cheese치즈
chijeu
Chicken닭고기
dalg-gogi
Coffee커피
keopi
Corn옥수수
ogsusu
Cucumbers오이
oi
Eggs달걀/계란
dalgyal/gyelan
Figs무화과
muhwagwa
Fish생선
saengseon
Food음식
eumsig
Fruit과일
gwail
Garlic마늘
maneul
Grapes포도
podo
Ice cream아이스크림
aiseukeulim
Lemons레몬
lemon
Lettuce상추
sangchu
Meat고기
gogi
Milk우유
uyu
Olives올리브
ollibeu
Onions양파
yangpa
Orange juice오렌지 쥬스
olenji jyuseu
Oranges오렌지
olenji
Peaches복숭아
bogsung-a
Pears
bae
Peppers고추
gochu
Pineapples파인애플
pain-aepeul
Pizza피자
pija
Potatoes감자
gamja
Pumpkin호박
hobag
Salad샐러드
saelleodeu
Salt소금
sogeum
Sandwich샌드위치
saendeuwichi
Soda (like Coke)탄산음료
tansan-eumlyo
Strawberries딸기
ttalgi
Sugar설탕
seoltang
Tea
cha
Tomatoes토마토
tomato
Vegetables야채/채소
yachae/chaeso
Water
mul
Watermelon수박
subag

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Daily Conversation in Korean

Finally, a list of sentences using the vocabulary used in this lesson plus some bonus phrases. For a complete list of commonly used sentences, please visit our Korean Phrases page. Enjoy!

Common Expressions in Korean

English Korean Audio
Are you thirsty?목마르세요?
mogmaleuseyo?
I'm hungry배고파요
baegopayo
Do you have a bottle of water?물 있어요?
mul iss-eoyo?
Breakfast is ready식사 준비 됐어요
sigsa junbi dwaess-eoyo
What kind of food do you like?당신은 무슨 음식을 좋아하세요?
dangsin-eun museun eumsig-eul joh-ahaseyo?
I like cheese저는 치즈를 좋아해요
jeoneun chijeuleul joh-ahaeyo
Bananas taste sweet바나나가 달아요
bananaga dal-ayo
I don't like cucumber저는 오이가 싫어요
jeoneun oiga silh-eoyo
I like bananas저는 바나나를 좋아해요
jeoneun bananaleul joh-ahaeyo
Lemons taste sour레몬이 셔요
lemon-i syeoyo
This fruit is delicious이 과일은 맛있어요
i gwail-eun mas-iss-eoyo
Vegetables are healthy채소는 건강에 좋아요
chaesoneun geongang-e joh-ayo
Hi!안녕!
annyeong!
Good morning!좋은 아침입니다!
joh-eun achim-ibnida!
Good afternoon!좋은 오후입니다!
joh-eun ohu-ibnida!
Good evening!좋은 저녁입니다!
joh-eun jeonyeog-ibnida!
Welcome!환영합니다!
hwan-yeonghabnida!
How are you? (informal)어떻게 지내세요?
eotteohge jinaeseyo?
How are you? (formal)어떻게 지내?
eotteohge jinae?
What's up? (colloquial) 무슨 일 있니?
museun il issni?
I'm fine, thank you!난 잘 지내요, 고마워요!
nan jal jinaeyo, gomawoyo!
And you? (informal)당신은요?
dangsin-eun-yo?
And you? (formal)너는?
neoneun?
Good좋아
joh-a

Fun Facts

Language Quote that a palindrome is a word, phrase, number, or other sequence of characters which reads the same backward or forward. Allowances may be made for adjustments to capital letters, punctuation, and word dividers.

Congratulations! You finished your second lesson in Korean about adjectives, and food. Are you ready for the next lesson? We recommend Korean Lesson 3. You can also simply click on one of the links below or go back to our Learn Korean homepage.

Lessons Korean Lessons
Linguistic Korean Vocabulary
Culture Korean Phrases
Structure Korean Grammar