Korean Lesson 2 (Adjectives and Food)

Duration: 30 mins

Lessons Korean Lessons
Linguistic Korean Vocabulary
Culture Korean Phrases
Structure Korean Grammar

This second lesson teaches many important aspect in Korean like adjectives, vocabulary list about food and finally common phrases about greeting. I will try to give examples using both vocabulary and grammar. That way it will be easy for you to see the words when they are separate and when they are in a sentence. Going through the whole page should take about 30 min. Make sure to read the pronunciation and hear the audio as well. If you have any question about this course, please email me directly at Korean Classes.


Knowing adjectives in Korean is a powerful skill. It can make it easy to have a conversation about different topics by simply knowing some key words such as "good", "bad", "right", "wrong" etc. Adjectives are words used to describe or modify another person or thing in the sentence for example: I am happy. Korean is easy.

Below is a list of 20 adjectives that you might come across or use very often. The table contains 3 columns (English, Korean, and Audio). Make sure you repeat each word after hearing it by either clicking on the audio button or by reading the pronunciation. That should help with memorization as well as improving your pronunciation.

Adjectives List in Korean

Adjectives Korean Audio
Tall키가 큰 [kiga keun]
Short짧은 [jjalb-eun]
Big큰 [keun]
Wide넓은 [neolb-eun]
Long긴 [gin]
Small작은 [jag-eun]
Thick두꺼운 [dukkeoun]
Thin얇은 [yalb-eun]
New새로운 [saeloun]
Old (opposite of new) [gabs-ssan/bassaji anh-eun]
Cheap값싼/바싸지 않은 [(gagyeog-i) bissan]
Expensive(가격이) 비싼 [eolin/jeolm-eun]
Young어린/젊은 [jalmosdoen]
Old (opposite of young) [olbaleun]
Wrong잘못된 [joh-eun]
Right (correct)올바른 [nappeun]
Good좋은 [eolyeoun]
Bad나쁜 [swiun]
Difficult어려운 [jega majnayo teullyeossnayo?]
Easy쉬운 [geuga dangsinboda naiga jeog-eungayo manh-eungayo?]

Now we will try to implement some of the words above into full Korean sentences. That way you will be able to use the word not only by itself but embedded in a structure.

Korean Adjectives in a Sentence

English Korean Audio
Am I right or wrong?제가 맞나요 틀렸나요? [siheom swiwoyo eolyeowoyo?]
Is he younger or older than you?그가 당신보다 나이가 적은가요 많은가요? [i chaeg saegeoyeyo heongeoyeyo?]
Is the test easy or difficult?시험 쉬워요 어려워요? [igeos-eun maeu bissayo]
Is this book new or old?이 책 새거예요 헌거예요? [achim sigsa]
This is so expensive이것은 매우 비싸요 [beoteo]


If you have any questions, please contact me If you simply want to ask a question, please Korean contact form on the header above.

Vocabulary List about Food

Below is a list of 50 words related to food such as fruits, vegetables and edible items. If you can memorize them by heart, you will be able to buy many food necessities from the supermarket or off the menu in a restaurant without a problem.

Food List in Korean

Food Korean Audio
Breakfast아침 식사 [dang-geun]
Lunch버터 [oi]
Dinner당근 [sigsa]
Meal오이 [gogi]
Apples식사 [uyu]
Avocados고기 [ollibeu]
Bananas우유 [sagwa]
Beans올리브 [abokado]
Bread사과 [yangpa]
Butter아보카도 [banana]
Carrots 양파 [kong]
Cheese바나나 [ppang]
Chicken콩 [olenji jyuseu]
Coffee빵 [olenji]
Corn오렌지 쥬스 [chijeu]
Cucumbers오렌지 [bogsung-a]
Eggs치즈 [dalg-gogi]
Figs복숭아 [keopi]
Fish닭고기 [jeomsim sigsa]
Food커피 [bae]
Fruit점심 식사 [gochu]
Garlic배 [ogsusu]
Grapes고추 [pain-aepeul]
Ice cream옥수수 [pija]
Lemons파인애플 [jeonyeog sigsa]
Lettuce피자 [dalgyal/gyelan]
Meat저녁 식사 [gamja]
Milk달걀/계란 [hobag]
Olives감자 [muhwagwa]
Onions호박 [saelleodeu]
Orange juice무화과 [sogeum]
Oranges샐러드 [saendeuwichi]
Peaches소금 [tansan-eumlyo]
Pears샌드위치 [ttalgi]
Peppers탄산음료 [saengseon]
Pineapples딸기 [seoltang]
Pizza생선 [cha]
Potatoes설탕 [eumsig]
Pumpkin차 [gwail]
Salad음식 [maneul]
Salt과일 [podo]
Sandwich마늘 [tomato]
Soda (like Coke)포도 [aiseukeulim]
Strawberries토마토 [lemon]
Sugar아이스크림 [yachae/chaeso]
Tea레몬 [mul]
Tomatoes야채/채소 [sangchu]
Vegetables물 [subag]
Water상추 [mogmaleuseyo?]
Watermelon수박 [baegopayo.]


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Daily Conversation in Korean

Finally, a list of sentences If you simply want to ask a question, please vocabulary used in this lesson plus some bonus phrases. For a complete list of commonly used sentences, please visit our Korean Phrases page. Enjoy!

Common Expressions in Korean

English Korean Audio
Are you thirsty?목마르세요? [mul iss-eoyo?]
I'm hungry배고파요. [sigsa junbi dwaess-eoyo.]
Do you have a bottle of water?물 있어요? [museun eumsig joh-ahaeyo?]
Breakfast is ready식사 준비 됐어요. [jeoneun chijeuleul joh-ahaeyo.]
What kind of food do you like?무슨 음식 좋아해요? [bananaga dal-ayo]
I like cheese저는 치즈를 좋아해요. [jeoneun oiga silh-eoyo]
Bananas taste sweet바나나가 달아요 [jeoneun bananaleul joh-ahaeyo]
I don't like cucumber저는 오이가 싫어요 [lemon-i syeoyo]
I like bananas저는 바나나를 좋아해요 [i gwail-eun mas-iss-eoyo.]
Lemons taste sour레몬이 셔요 [chaesoneun geongang-e joh-ayo]
This fruit is delicious이 과일은 맛있어요. [annyeong!]
Vegetables are healthy채소는 건강에 좋아요 [joh-eun achim-ibnida!]
Hi!안녕! [joh-eun ohu-ibnida!]
Good morning!좋은 아침입니다! [joh-eun jeonyeog-ibnida!]
Good afternoon!좋은 오후입니다! [hwan-yeonghabnida!]
Good evening!좋은 저녁입니다! [eotteohge jinae?]
Welcome!환영합니다! [eotteohge jinaeseyo?]
How are you? (informal)어떻게 지내? [museun il issni?]
How are you? (formal)어떻게 지내세요? [nan jal jinaeyo. gomawoyo!]
What's up? (colloquial) 무슨 일 있니? [neoneun?]
I'm fine, thank you!난 잘 지내요. 고마워요! [dangsin-eun-yo?]
And you? (informal)너는? [joh-a]
And you? (formal)당신은요? [sonyeo]
Good좋아 [sonyeodeul]

Fun Facts

Language Quote that a palindrome is a word, phrase, number, or other sequence of characters which reads the same backward or forward. Allowances may be made for adjustments to capital letters, punctuation, and word dividers.

Congratulations! You finished your second lesson in Korean about adjectives, and food. Are you ready for the next lesson? We recommend Korean Lesson 3. You can also simply click on one of the links below or go back to our Learn Korean homepage.

Lessons Korean Lessons
Linguistic Korean Vocabulary
Culture Korean Phrases
Structure Korean Grammar