This 17th lesson teaches the comparative form in Korean. In addition, I am including a vocabulary list about shopping and eating at a restaurant. I will try to give examples using both vocabulary and grammar. That way it will be easy for you to see the words when they are separate and when they are in a sentence. Going through the whole page should take about 30 min. Make sure to read the pronunciation and hear the audio as well. If you have any question about this course, please email me directly at Korean Classes.
This lesson includes not only the comparative form but the superlative and the diminutive forms as well. That way you make comparisons, but also you can say what is better and what is worse.
Below is a list of 20 comparative forms that you might come across or use very often. The table contains 3 columns (English, Korean, and Audio). Make sure you repeat each word after hearing it by either clicking on the audio button or by reading the pronunciation. That should help with memorization as well as improving your pronunciation.
|As... as||~만큼 ...한 [~mankeum ...han]|
|Taller||더 큰 [deo keun]|
|Shorter||더 작은 [deo jag-eun]|
|Younger||더 어린 [deo eolin]|
|Older||더 늙은 [deo neulg-eun]|
|As tall as||~만큼 큰 [~mankeum keun]|
|Taller than||~보다 더 큰 [~boda deo keun]|
|Shorter than||~보다 더 작은 [~boda deo jag-eun]|
|More beautiful||더 아름다운 [deo aleumdaun]|
|Less beautiful||덜 아름다운 [deol aleumdaun]|
|Most beautiful||가장 아름다운 [gajang aleumdaun]|
|Happier||더 행복한 [deo haengboghan]|
|Happiest||가장 행복한 [gajang haengboghan]|
|You are happy||당신은 행복해요 [dangsin-eun haengboghaeyo]|
|You are as happy as Maya||당신은 마야만큼 행복해요 [dangsin-eun mayamankeum haengboghaeyo]|
|You are happier than Maya||당신은 마야보다 더 행복해요 [dangsin-eun mayaboda deo haengboghaeyo]|
|You are the happiest||당신은 가장 행복해요 [dangsin-eun gajang haengboghaeyo]|
|Better||더 조은 [deo jo-eun]|
|Best||가장 좋은/최상의 [gajang joh-eun/choesang-ui]|
|Bad||안 좋은/나쁜 [an joh-eun/nappeun]|
|Worse||더 안 좋은/더 나쁜 [deo an joh-eun/deo nappeun]|
|Worst||가장 나쁜/최악의 [gajang nappeun/choeag-ui]|
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Below is a list of 18 words related to shopping such as in the supermarket. If you can memorize them by heart, you will be able to buy many food necessities from the supermarket or the shopping mall without a problem.
|Can you take less?||덜 가지고 가줄래요? [deol gajigo gajullaeyo?]|
|Do you accept credit cards?||카드돼요? [kadeudwaeyo?]|
|How much is this?||이거 얼마예요? [igeo eolmayeyo?]|
|I'm just looking||그냥 보고있어요 [geunyang bogoiss-eoyo]|
|Only cash please!||현금만 돼요! [hyeongeumman dwaeyo!]|
|This is too expensive||너무 비싸요 [neomu bissayo]|
|Credit card||신용카드 [sin-yongkadeu]|
|Expensive||(가격이) 비싼 [(gagyeog-i) bissan]|
|Gas station||주유소 [juyuso]|
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Below is a list of 30 words related to eating at a restaurant. Obviously, they will come in handy if you invite someone out to dinner or order something off the menu without a problem.
|I'm vegetarian||이 음식 이름이 뭐예요? [i eumsig ileum-i mwoyeyo?]|
|It is very delicious!||무엇을 추천해주시겠어요? [mueos-eul chucheonhaejusigess-eoyo?]|
|May we have the check please!||정말 맛있어요! [jeongmal mas-iss-eoyo!]|
|The bill please!||거기 좋은 식당이 어디있어요? [geogi joh-eun sigdang-i eodiiss-eoyo?]|
|Waiter / waitress!||수표로 해도 되나요? [supyolo haedo doenayo?]|
|What do you recommend? (to eat)||청구서 주세요 [cheong-guseo juseyo]|
|What's the name of this dish?||웨이터! [weiteo!]|
|Where is there a good restaurant?||저는 채식주의자예요 [jeoneun chaesigjuuijayeyo]|
|A cup of||~한 잔 [~han jan]|
|A glass of||~한 잔 [~han jan]|
|Black pepper||후추 [huchu]|
|Tip (money for the waiter)||팁 [tib]|
Language Quote: ❝Learning a foreign language not only reveals how other societies think and feel, what they have experienced and value, and how they express themselves, it also provides a cultural mirror in which we can more clearly see our own society.❞ ?Chancellor Edward Lee Gorsuch
Congratulations! You finished your 17th lesson in Korean about the comparative form, shopping and eating at a restaurant. Are you ready for the next lesson? We recommend Korean Lesson 18. You can also simply click on one of the links below or go back to our Learn Korean homepage.