Prepositions

Korean Lesson 4 (Prepositions and Directions)

Duration: 30 mins

Lessons Korean Lessons
Linguistic Korean Vocabulary
Culture Korean Phrases
Structure Korean Grammar

This first lesson teaches many important aspect of Korean like prepositions, vocabulary list about directions and finally common phrases about how to introduce yourself. I will try to give examples using both vocabulary and grammar. That way it will be easy for you to see the words when they are separate and when they are in a sentence. Going through the whole page should take about 30 min. Make sure to read the pronunciation and hear the audio as well. If you have any question about this course, please email me directly at Korean Classes.

Prepositions

Prepositions are used in almost every sentence. They can be a great tool to link words with each other. For example by simply knowing how to use "to", "with", "from", "after" you can expand your conversation scope. In short, a preposition describes a relationship between words in a sentence, for example: I agree with you.

Below is a list of 27 prepositions that you might come across or use very often. The table contains 3 columns (English, Korean, and Audio). Make sure you repeat each word after hearing it by either clicking on the audio button or by reading the pronunciation. That should help with memorization as well as improving your pronunciation.

Prepositions List in Korean

Prepositions Korean Audio
In front of~반대하여/대조적으로 [-ui apjjog-e(ap-e)]
Behind -에 대한 [leul wihae]
Before -의 앞쪽에(앞에) [geuligo]
After를 위해 [geulaeseo]
Inside그리고 [e]
With그래서 [dwie]
Without에 [jeon-e]
Outside뒤에 [saie]
On top of전에 [geuleona/hajiman]
Under사이에 [buteo]
About (in regards to)그러나/하지만 [alaee/mit-e]
Against부터 [-e]
And아래에/밑에 [dwie]
As (similar to) -에 [kkaji]
Between뒤에 [an]
But까지 [~daesin]
For안 [eseo gakkai]
From~대신 [~ui]
In에서 가까이 [~cheoleom/~losseo]
Instead of~의 [~wie]
Near~처럼/~로써 [-wa hamkke]
Of~위에 [hog-eun]
Or -와 함께 [eobs-i]
Since혹은 [geot-e]
So없이 [ihu/ilae]
To겉에 [dangsingwa itallia-eoleul yeonseubhal su iss-eulkkayo?]
Until이후/이래 [jeoneun peulangseueoleul malhajiman agsenteuga iss-eoyo]

Now we will try to implement some of the prepositions above into full Korean sentences. That way you will be able to use the word not only by itself but embedded in a structure.

Korean Prepositions in a Sentence

English Korean Audio
Can I practice Italian with you?당신과 이탈리아어를 연습할 수 있을까요? [jeoneun maiaemieseo taeeonass-eoyo]
I speak French but with an accent저는 프랑스어를 말하지만 악센트가 있어요 [jeoneun ilbon-eseo wass-eoyo]
I was born in Miami저는 마이애미에서 태어났어요 [geu pyeonjineun chaeg an-e iss-eoyo]
I'm from Japan저는 일본에서 왔어요 [geu pen-eun chaegsang mit-e iss-eoyo]
The letter is inside the book그 편지는 책 안에 있어요 [bagmulgwankkaji eotteohge ganayo?]
The pen is under the desk그 펜은 책상 밑에 있어요 [jigjinhaseyo]
Directions
Can I help you?박물관까지 어떻게 가나요? [dowadeulilkkayo?]

Questions?

If you have any questions, please contact me If you simply want to ask a question, please Korean contact form on the header above.

Vocabulary List about Directions

Below is a list of 28 words and sentences related to directions that you might need when lost or asking for help. If you can memorize them by heart, you will be able to travel from point A to point B by following directions.

Giving Directions in Korean

Directions Korean Audio
Can you help me?직진하세요 [geogikkaji eolmana geollyeoyo?]
Can you show me?도와드릴까요? [yeogiseo meol-eoyo]
Come with me!거기까지 얼마나 걸려요? [gil-eul ilh-eoss-eoyo]
Downtown (city center)여기서 멀어요 [handalman-yo!]
Excuse me! (to ask someone)길을 잃었어요 [sinae]
Go straight한달만요! [juwie iss-eoyo]
How can I get to the museum? 시내 [jeoleul dowajusil su issnayo?]
How long does it take to get there?주위에 있어요 [jeo yeogi an sal-ayo]
I'm lost저를 도와주실 수 있나요? [uhoejeon haseyo]
I'm not from here저 여기 안 살아요 [jwahoejeon haseyo]
It's far from here우회전 하세요 [ttalaoseyo!]
It's near here좌회전 하세요 [sillyehabnida/jeogiyo]
One moment please!따라오세요! [boyeojusillaeyo?]
Turn left실례합니다/저기요 [meon]
Turn right보여주실래요? [yeogi]
Far먼 [oenjjog]
Here여기 [oleunjjog]
Left왼쪽 [gakkaun]
Right오른쪽 [jigjin]
Near가까운 [jeogi/geogi]
Straight직진 [unjeonhada]
There저기/거기 [dolda]
To drive운전하다 [geodda]
To turn돌다 [sinhodeung]
To walk걷다 [gichalo]
Traffic light신호등 [yeong-eo hal jul al-ayo?]
Transportation기차로 [jogeum-yo/yaggan-yo]

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Daily Conversation in Korean

Finally, a couple sentences to help you know how to introduce yourself in Korean. For a complete list of commonly used sentences, please visit our Korean Phrases page. Enjoy!

Common Expressions in Korean

English Korean Audio
Do you speak English?영어 할 줄 알아요? [ileum-i mwoyeyo?]
Just a little조금요/약간요 [je ileum-eun (jon deo) ibnida]
What's your name?이름이 뭐예요? [~ssi/~yang]
My name is (John Doe)제 이름은 (존 더) 입니다 [mannaseo bangawoyo!]
Mr... / Mrs. ... / Miss...~씨/~양 [chinjeolhasigun-yo]
Nice to meet you!만나서 반가워요! [sonyeon]
You're very kind!친절하시군요 [sonyeo]

Fun Facts

Language Quote: The language of a society changes slowly but steadily with the result that an educated person will not be able to read or understand words in his language written 500 years ago. Do you feel like you can't talk to your parents? Maybe it's because you belong to the Niger-Congo family. More than 1,400 languages are spoken by different members of this family from Africa..

Congratulations! You finished your 4th lesson in Korean about prepositions, and directions. Are you ready for the next lesson? We recommend Korean Lesson 5. You can also simply click on one of the links below or go back to our Learn Korean homepage.

Lessons Korean Lessons
Linguistic Korean Vocabulary
Culture Korean Phrases
Structure Korean Grammar