Prepositions

Korean Lesson 4 (Prepositions and Directions)

Duration: 30 mins

Lessons Korean Lessons
Linguistic Korean Vocabulary
Culture Korean Phrases
Structure Korean Grammar

This first lesson teaches many important aspect of Korean like prepositions, vocabulary list about directions and finally common phrases about how to introduce yourself. I will try to give examples using both vocabulary and grammar. That way it will be easy for you to see the words when they are separate and when they are in a sentence. Going through the whole page should take about 30 min. Make sure to read the pronunciation and hear the audio as well. If you have any question about this course, please email me directly at Korean Classes.

Prepositions

Prepositions are used in almost every sentence. They can be a great tool to link words with each other. For example by simply knowing how to use "to", "with", "from", "after" you can expand your conversation scope. In short, a preposition describes a relationship between words in a sentence, for example: I agree with you.

Below is a list of 27 prepositions that you might come across or use very often. The table contains 3 columns (English, Korean, and Audio). Make sure you repeat each word after hearing it by either clicking on the audio button or by reading the pronunciation. That should help with memorization as well as improving your pronunciation.

Prepositions List in Korean

Prepositions Korean Audio
In front of의 앞에
ui ap-e
Behind뒤에
dwie
Before전에
jeon-e
After뒤에
dwie
Inside안에
an-e
With와 함께
wa hamkke
Without없이
eobs-i
Outside겉에
geot-e
On top of위에
wie
Under아래에/밑에
alaee/mit-e
About (in regards to)에 대한
e daehan
Against반대하여/대조적으로
bandaehayeo/daejojeog-eulo
And그리고
geuligo
As (similar to)처럼/로써
cheoleom/losseo
Between사이에
saie
But그러나/하지만
geuleona/hajiman
For를 위해
leul wihae
From부터
buteo
In
e
Instead of대신
daesin
Near가깝다
gakkabda
Of
ui
Or혹은/또는
hog-eun/ttoneun
Since이후/이래
ihu/ilae
So그래서
geulaeseo
To
tib
Until까지
kkaji

Now we will try to implement some of the prepositions above into full Korean sentences. That way you will be able to use the word not only by itself but embedded in a structure.

Korean Prepositions in a Sentence

English Korean Audio
Can I practice Italian with you?당신과 이탈리아어를 연습할 수 있을까요?
dangsingwa itallia-eoleul yeonseubhal su iss-eulkkayo?
I speak French but with an accent저는 프랑스어를 말하지만 악센트가 있어요
jeoneun peulangseueoleul malhajiman agsenteuga iss-eoyo
I was born in Miami저는 마이애미에서 태어났어요
jeoneun maiaemieseo taeeonass-eoyo
I'm from Japan저는 일본에서 왔어요
jeoneun ilbon-eseo wass-eoyo
The letter is inside the book그 편지는 책 안에 있어요
geu pyeonjineun chaeg an-e iss-eoyo
The pen is under the desk그 펜은 책상 밑에 있어요
geu pen-eun chaegsang mit-e iss-eoyo
Directions
Can I help you?제가 도와드릴까요?
jega dowadeulilkkayo?

Questions?

If you have any questions, please contact me using the Korean contact form on the header above.

Vocabulary List about Directions

Below is a list of 28 words and sentences related to directions that you might need when lost or asking for help. If you can memorize them by heart, you will be able to travel from point A to point B by following directions.

Giving Directions in Korean

Directions Korean Audio
Can you help me?저를 도와줄 수 있나요?
jeoleul dowajul su issnayo?
Can you show me?보여주실래요?
boyeojusillaeyo?
Come with me!저를 따라오세요!
jeoleul ttalaoseyo!
Downtown (city center)시내
sinae
Excuse me! (to ask someone)실례합니다/저기요!
sillyehabnida/jeogiyo!
Go straight직진하세요
jigjinhaseyo
How can I get to the museum? 박물관까지 어떻게 가나요?
bagmulgwankkaji eotteohge ganayo?
How long does it take to get there?거기까지 얼마나 걸려요?
geogikkaji eolmana geollyeoyo?
I'm lost저는 길을 잃었어요
jeoneun gil-eul ilh-eoss-eoyo
I'm not from here저는 여기 안 살아요
jeoneun yeogi an sal-ayo
It's far from here여기서 멀어요
yeogiseo meol-eoyo
It's near here여기 주변에 있어요
yeogi jubyeon-e iss-eoyo
One moment please!잠시만요!
jamsiman-yo!
Turn left좌회전 하세요
jwahoejeon haseyo
Turn right우회전 하세요
uhoejeon haseyo
Far멀다
meolda
Here여기
yeogi
Left왼쪽
oenjjog
Right오른쪽
oleunjjog
Near에서 가까이
eseo gakkai
Straight직진
jigjin
There저기/거기
jeogi/geogi
To drive
e
To turn돌다
dolda
To walk걷다
geodda
Traffic light신호등
sinhodeung
Transportation운송
unsong

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Daily Conversation in Korean

Finally, a couple sentences to help you know how to introduce yourself in Korean. For a complete list of commonly used sentences, please visit our Korean Phrases page. Enjoy!

Common Expressions in Korean

English Korean Audio
Do you speak English?영어 할 줄 알아요?
yeong-eo hal jul al-ayo?
Just a little조금요
jogeum-yo
What's your name?이름이 뭐예요?
ileum-i mwoyeyo?
My name is (John Doe)제 이름은 ~ 입니다
je ileum-eun ~ ibnida
Mr... / Mrs. ... / Miss...~씨
~ssi
Nice to meet you!만나서 반가워요!
mannaseo bangawoyo!
You're very kind!친절하시군요
chinjeolhasigun-yo

Fun Facts

Language Quote: The language of a society changes slowly but steadily with the result that an educated person will not be able to read or understand words in his language written 500 years ago. Do you feel like you can't talk to your parents? Maybe it's because you belong to the Niger-Congo family. More than 1,400 languages are spoken by different members of this family from Africa..

Congratulations! You finished your 4th lesson in Korean about prepositions, and directions. Are you ready for the next lesson? We recommend Korean Lesson 5. You can also simply click on one of the links below or go back to our Learn Korean homepage.

Lessons Korean Lessons
Linguistic Korean Vocabulary
Culture Korean Phrases
Structure Korean Grammar