Numbers

Spanish Lesson 6 (Numbers and School)

Duration: 30 mins

Lessons Spanish Lessons
Linguistic Spanish Vocabulary
Culture Spanish Phrases
Structure Spanish Grammar

The 6th lesson teaches counting in cardinal and ordinal numbers in Spanish. I also included a vocabulary list about school and finally common daily phrases. I will try to give examples using both vocabulary and grammar. That way it will be easy for you to see the words when they are separate and when they are in a sentence. Going through the whole page should take about 30 min. Make sure to read the pronunciation and hear the audio as well. If you have any question about this course, please email me directly at Spanish Classes.

Numbers

Knowing how to count in Spanish is essential and should be one of first things to learn. By simply knowing numbers from 1 to 9 you could express large numbers in a simplified way. Cardinal numbers are for counting such as "1, 2, 3 ...". Ordinal numbers represent order or rank such as "1st, 2nd, 3rd ...".

Below is a list of the first 20 cardinal and ordinal numbers that you might come across or use very often. The table contains 3 columns (English, Spanish, and Audio). Make sure you repeat each word after hearing it by either clicking on the audio button or by reading the pronunciation. That should help with memorization as well as improving your pronunciation.

Numbers in Spanish

Numbers Spanish Audio
Oneuno
Firstprimero
Twodos
Secondsegundo
Threetres
Thirdtercero
Fourcuatro
Fourthcuarto
Fivecinco
Fifthquinto
Sixseis
Sixthsexto
Sevensiete
Seventhséptimo
Eightocho
Eighthoctavo
Ninenueve
Ninthnoveno
Tendiez
Tenthdécimo
Elevenonce
Eleventhundécimo
Twelvedoce
Twelfthduodécimo
Thirteentrece
Thirteenthdecimotercero
Fourteencatorce
Fourteenthdecimocuarto
Fifteenquince
Fifteenthdecimoquinto
Sixteendieciséis
Sixteenthdecimosexto
Seventeendiecisiete
Seventeenthdecimoséptimo
Eighteendieciocho
Eighteenthdécimoctavo
Nineteendiecinueve
NineteenthDecimonoveno
Twentyveinte
Twentiethvigésimo
Thirty three (31)treinta y tres
One hundred (100)cien
Three hundred and sixty (360)trescientos sesenta
One thousand (1000)mil
Two thousand and fourteen (2014)Dos mil catorce
One millionun millón
Onceuna vez
Twicedos veces

Grammar Rule

  1. In Spanish, to form numbers from 21-29 simply omit the last (e) from veinte and add (i) instead, then add the digit. Example 21 veintiuno, 22 veintidós. The numbers 30 to 99 can be formed using up to three words: 30 treinta, 31 treinta y uno/a, 37 treinta y siete.
  2. Using "uno": when used in front of a masculine noun, uno becomes (~un) : un libro (1 book), veintiún libros (21 books). To refer to a feminine noun, we use (una): una casa (1 house), treinta y una casas (31 houses). Uno is used only when counting (uno, dos, tres) or for numerals refering to a masculine noun but does not precede that noun: ¿Cuántos coches tienes? Answer:(uno) or (un coche).
  3. Cardinal numbers' rule is very simple. After the 10th position, ordinal numbers are used instead. Example: el siglo veintiuno (the 21st century).

Now we will try to implement some of the numbers above into full Spanish sentences. That way you will be able to use the word not only by itself but embedded in a structure.

Spanish Numbers in a Sentence

Numbers Spanish Audio
I'm 30 years oldTengo treinta años
I have 2 sisters and 1 brotherTengo dos hermanas y un hermano
English is my first languageIngles es mi primer idioma
Her second language is SpanishEspañol es su segundo idioma

Questions?

If you have any questions, please contact me If you simply want to ask a question, please Spanish contact form on the header above.

Vocabulary List about School

Below is a list of 26 words related to school and classrooms. If you can memorize them by heart, you will be able communicate to a teacher/students many objects in your class.

School Words in Spanish

School Spanish Audio
Answerrespuesta
Booklibro
Bookslibros
Chairsilla
Deskescritorio
Dictionarydiccionario
Laptopcomputadora portátil
Librarybiblioteca
Notebook (paper notebook)cuaderno
Pagepágina
Paperpapel
Penpluma
Pencillápiz
Questionpregunta
Schoolescuela
Studentestudiante
Teacherprofesor / maestro
Universityuniversidad

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Daily Conversation in Spanish

Finally, a couple bonus sentences that you might find useful. For a complete list of commonly used sentences, please visit our Spanish Phrases page. Enjoy!

Common Expressions in Spanish

English Spanish Audio
I have a questiontengo una pregunta
To listenescuchar
To readleer
To speakhablar
To thinkpensar
To understandentender
To writeescribir
What's the name of that book?¿Cómo se llama ese libro?
What do you do for a living?¿A qué te dedicas?
I'm a (teacher / artist / engineer)Soy maestro / artista / ingeniero
Oh! That's good!¡Ah, qué bien!
Can I practice with you?¿puedo practicar contigo?

Fun Facts

Language Quote: Approximately one new word is added to the English language every two hours and around 4,000 new words are added to the English dictionary every year.

Congratulations! You finished your 6th lesson in Spanish about numbers, and school terms. Are you ready for the next lesson? We recommend Spanish Lesson 7. You can also simply click on one of the links below or go back to our Learn Spanish homepage.

Lessons Spanish Lessons
Linguistic Spanish Vocabulary
Culture Spanish Phrases
Structure Spanish Grammar