Adjectives

Spanish Lesson 2 (Adjectives and Food)

Duration: 30 mins

Lessons Spanish Lessons
Linguistic Spanish Vocabulary
Culture Spanish Phrases
Structure Spanish Grammar

This second lesson teaches many important aspect in Spanish like adjectives, vocabulary list about food and finally common phrases about greeting. I will try to give examples using both vocabulary and grammar. That way it will be easy for you to see the words when they are separate and when they are in a sentence. Going through the whole page should take about 30 min. Make sure to read the pronunciation and hear the audio as well. If you have any question about this course, please email me directly at Spanish Classes.

Adjectives

Knowing adjectives in Spanish is a powerful skill. It can make it easy to have a conversation about different topics by simply knowing some key words such as "good", "bad", "right", "wrong" etc. Adjectives are words used to describe or modify another person or thing in the sentence for example: I am happy. Spanish is easy.

Grammar Rule

  1. Adjectives ending in -o have four forms (~o, ~a, ~os, ~as). For example the adjective "beautiful" in Spanish: bonito (masculine), bonita (feminine), bonitos (plural masc.), bonitas (plural fem.)
  2. Adjectives ending in -e have two forms (~e, ~es). For example the adjective "big": grande (singular masculine and feminine), grandes (plural masc. and fem.)
  3. Most adjectives ending in a consonant have two forms (~e, ~es). For example the adjective "professional": profesional (singular masculine and feminine), profesionales (plural masc. and fem.)
  4. Unlike English, adjectives in Spanish usually follow the noun NOT preceed it. For example: una casa grande (a big house)
  5. In Spanish adjectives follow the form of the noun. So if the noun is singular masculine, then the adjective will also be singular masculine. Example: un libro rojo (a red book), una casa roja (a red house), dos libros rojos (two red books), dos casas rojas (two red houses).

Below is a list of 20 adjectives that you might come across or use very often. The table contains 3 columns (English, Spanish, and Audio). Make sure you repeat each word after hearing it by either clicking on the audio button or by reading the pronunciation. That should help with memorization as well as improving your pronunciation.

Adjectives List in Spanish

Adjectives Spanish Audio
Tallalto
Shortcorto
Biggrande
Wideancho
Longlargo
Smallpequeña
Thickgrueso
Thindelgado
Newnuevo
Old (opposite of new)viejo
Cheapbarato
Expensivecaro
Youngjoven
Old (opposite of young)mayor
Wrongincorrecto
Right (correct)correcto
Goodbueno
Badmalo
Difficultdifícil
Easyfácil

Now we will try to implement some of the words above into full Spanish sentences. That way you will be able to use the word not only by itself but embedded in a structure.

Spanish Adjectives in a Sentence

English Spanish Audio
Am I right or wrong?¿Tengo razón o no?
Is he younger or older than you?¿Él es mayor o más joven que tú?
Is the test easy or difficult?¿El examen es fácil o difícil?
Is this book new or old?¿Este libro es viejo o nuevo?
This is so expensiveEs muy caro

Questions?

If you have any questions, please contact me If you simply want to ask a question, please Spanish contact form on the header above.

Vocabulary List about Food

Below is a list of 50 words related to food such as fruits, vegetables and edible items. If you can memorize them by heart, you will be able to buy many food necessities from the supermarket or off the menu in a restaurant without a problem.

Food List in Spanish

Food Spanish Audio
Breakfastdesayuno
LunchComida
Dinnercena
MealAlimento
Applesmanzanas
Avocadosaguacate
Bananasplátanos
Beansfrijoles
Breadpan
Buttermantequilla
Carrots zanahoria
Cheesequeso
Chickenpollo
Coffeecafé
Cornmaíz
Cucumberspepinos
Eggshuevos
Figshigos
Fishpescado
Foodcomida
Fruitfrutas
Garlicajo
Grapesuvas
Ice creamhelado
Lemonslimones
Lettucelechuga
Meatcarne
Milkleche
Olivesaceitunas
Onionscebollas
Orange juicejugo de naranja
Orangesnaranjas
Peachesduraznos
Pearsperas
PeppersPimientos
Pineapplespiñas
Pizzapizza
PotatoesPapas
Pumpkincalabaza
Saladensalada
Saltsal
Sandwichemparedado
Soda (like Coke)refresco
Strawberriesfresas
Sugarazúcar
Tea
Tomatoestomates
Vegetablesverduras
Wateragua
Watermelonsandía

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Daily Conversation in Spanish

Finally, a list of sentences If you simply want to ask a question, please vocabulary used in this lesson plus some bonus phrases. For a complete list of commonly used sentences, please visit our Spanish Phrases page. Enjoy!

Common Expressions in Spanish

English Spanish Audio
Are you thirsty?¿Tienes sed?
I'm hungrytengo hambre
Do you have a bottle of water?¿Tienes una botella de agua?
Breakfast is readyel desayuno está listo
What kind of food do you like?¿Qué tipo de comida de gusta?
I like cheeseme gusta el queso
Bananas taste sweetlos plátanos son dulces
I don't like cucumberno me gustan los pepinos
I like bananasme gustan los plátanos
Lemons taste sourlos limones son agrios
This fruit is deliciousesta fruta está deliciosa
Vegetables are healthylas verduras son saludables
Hi!¡Hola!
Good morning!¡Buenos días!
Good afternoon!¡Buenas tardes!
Good evening!¡Buenas noches!
Welcome!¡Bienvenido!
How are you? (informal)¿Cómo estás?
How are you? (formal)¿Cómo está usted?
What's up? (colloquial) ¿Qué onda?
I'm fine, thank you!Estoy bien, gracias
And you? (informal)¿y tú?
And you? (formal)¿y usted?
GoodBien

Fun Facts

Language Quote that a palindrome is a word, phrase, number, or other sequence of characters which reads the same backward or forward. Allowances may be made for adjustments to capital letters, punctuation, and word dividers.

Congratulations! You finished your second lesson in Spanish about adjectives, and food. Are you ready for the next lesson? We recommend Spanish Lesson 3. You can also simply click on one of the links below or go back to our Learn Spanish homepage.

Lessons Spanish Lessons
Linguistic Spanish Vocabulary
Culture Spanish Phrases
Structure Spanish Grammar