Spanish Lesson 3 (Plural and Languages)

Duration: 30 mins

Lessons Spanish Lessons
Linguistic Spanish Vocabulary
Culture Spanish Phrases
Structure Spanish Grammar

The 3rd lesson is about the plural in Spanish and how to create it from the singular form. In addition, I will include a list of vocabulary about languages, nationalities, and countries. Finally, you will find some common everyday sentences. I will try to give examples using both vocabulary and grammar. That way it will be easy for you to see the words when they are separate and when they are in a sentence. Going through the whole page should take about 30 min. Make sure to read the pronunciation and hear the audio as well. If you have any question about this course, please email me directly at Spanish Classes.


Knowing how to create the plural from the singular word can double the vocabulary you already know. It can make it easy to have a conversation about different topics by simply knowing some grammatical rules. For example how to change the word "book" to "books" or "woman" to "women".

Grammar Rule

In Spanish, it is very simple to form the plural. Just add (-s) to words ending in a vowel: (chica becomes chicas) and (-es) to words ending in a consonant: (señor becomes señores) . Here are some examples:

  • El libro (the book) becomes: Los libros (the books)
  • Una profesora (a professor) becomes: Unas profesoras (some professors)

There are some small exceptions. If a noun ends in (-z), you will need to add (-es) and change the z to c.

  • El voz (the voice) becomes Los voces (the voices)

Below is a list of singular words and their plural equivalent. I included examples about nature as well as about humans. The table contains 3 columns (English, Spanish, and Audio). Make sure you repeat each word after hearing it by either clicking on the audio button or by reading the pronunciation. That should help with memorization as well as improving your pronunciation.

Singular vs. Plural in Spanish

English Spanish Audio

Now we will try to implement some of the words above into full Spanish sentences. That way you will be able to see how both forms are used when embedded in a structure.

Singular vs. Plural in a Sentence

English Spanish Audio
We speak two languagesHablamos dos idiomas
They speak four languagesHablan cuatro idiomas
I visited one countryVisité un país
She visited three countriesElla visitó tres países
She has one sisterElla tiene una hermana
He has two sistersÉl tiene dos hermanas


If you have any questions, please contact me If you simply want to ask a question, please Spanish contact form on the header above.

Vocabulary List about Languages, Nationalities, and Countries

Below is a list of 50 words related to languages, nationalities, and countries. If you can memorize them by heart, you will be able to have a good conversation about how many languages you speak or where you came from.

Languages Nationalities and Countries List in Spanish

English Spanish Audio
Arabic (language)árabe
Moroccan (nationality)marroquí
Morocco (country)Marruecos
Brazilian (language)portugués
Brazilian (nationality)brasileño
Brazil (country)Brasil
Chinese (language)chino
Chinese (nationality)chino
China (country)China
English (language)inglés
British (nationality)inglés británico
Britain (country)Gran Bretaña
American (nationality)estadounidense
America (country)Estados Unidos
French (language)francés
French (nationality)francés-
France (country)Francia
German (language)alemán
German (nationality)alemán
Germany (country)Alemania
Greek (language)griego
Greek (nationality)griego-
Greece (country)Grecia
Hindi (language)hindú
Indian (nationality)indio--
India (country)India
Irish (language)irlandés
Irish (nationality)irlandés
Ireland (country)Irlanda
Italian (language)italiano
Italian (nationality)italiano
Italy (country)Italia
Japanese (language)japonés
Japanese (nationality)japonés
Japan (country)Japón
Korean (language)coreano
Korean (nationality)coreano
Korea (country)Corea
Persian (language)persa
Iranian (nationality)iraní
Iran (country)Irán
Portuguese (language)portugués
Portuguese (nationality)portugués
Portugal (country)Portugal
Russian (language)ruso
Russian (nationality)ruso
Russia (country)Rusia
Spanish (language)español
Spanish (nationality)español
Spain (country)España


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Daily Conversation in Spanish

Finally, a list of sentences about languages, nationalities, and countries plus some bonus phrases. For a complete list of commonly used sentences, please visit our Spanish Phrases page. Enjoy!

Common Expressions in Spanish

English Spanish Audio
I don't speak Koreanno hablo coreano
I love the Japanese languageme encanta el japonés
I speak Italianyo hablo italiano
I want to learn Spanishquiero aprender español
My mother tongue is Germanmi lengua materna es el alemán
Spanish is easy to learnel español es fácil de aprender
He has a Moroccan rugél tiene un tapete marroquí
I have an American cartengo un auto estadounidense
I love French cheeseme encanta el queso francés
I'm Italiansoy italiana
My father is Greekmi padre es griego
My wife is Koreanmi esposa es coreana
Have you ever been to India?¿Has estado en India?
I came from SpainVine de España
I live in Americavivo en Estados Unidos
I want to go to Germanyquiero ir a Alemania
I was born in Italynací en Italia
Japan is a beautiful countryJapón es un país hermoso
Long time no seetanto tiempo sin vernos
I missed youte extrañé
What's new?¿Qué hay de nuevo?
Nothing newnada nuevo
Make yourself at home!¡póngase cómodo!
Have a good tripque tenga un buen viaje

Fun Facts

Language Quote that by simply knowing how to form the plural, you can double the number of nouns in your vocabulary, without having to memorize all the plural form.

Congratulations! You finished your third lesson in Spanish about singular, plural, languages, nationalities, and countries. Are you ready for the next lesson? We recommend Spanish Lesson 4. You can also simply click on one of the links below or go back to our Learn Spanish homepage.

Lessons Spanish Lessons
Linguistic Spanish Vocabulary
Culture Spanish Phrases
Structure Spanish Grammar