Past Tense

Spanish Lesson 14 (Past Tense & Colors)

Duration: 30 mins

Lessons Spanish Lessons
Linguistic Spanish Vocabulary
Culture Spanish Phrases
Structure Spanish Grammar

This 14th lesson deals with the past tense in Spanish. In addition I included a vocabulary list about colors, as well as some basic phrases. I will try to give examples using both vocabulary and grammar. That way it will be easy for you to see the words when they are separate and when they are in a sentence. Going through the whole page should take about 30 min. Make sure to read the pronunciation and hear the audio as well. If you have any question about this course, please email me directly at Spanish Classes.

Past

The past is one of the 3 tenses (present, past, and future) we will be discussing in the next 3 lessons. So it is recommended not to skip any of them because they are all related.

Grammar Rule

The past tense (preterite) in Spanish is used mainly in 3 cases:

  1. To describe events completed in the past: Yo entendí (I understood)
  2. When an event happened while another event was still happening: Estaba leyendo cuando la llamé. (She was reading when I called her)
  3. With expressions referring to the past such as: ayer (yesterday), anoche (last night), el año pasado (last year): Hablé con ella anoche. (I talked to her last night)

To be able to conjugate a verb properly in Spanish, you need to know 2 things:

  1. Is the verb ending in (-ar, -er or -ir)? Example: hablar, comer, vivir
  2. Is the verb regular or irregular? Examples: Estar, saber, venir

Here are examples about both:

Past Tense (regular verbs)

  1. Pensar (to think): yo pensé, tu pensaste, el/ella pensó, nosotros pensamos, ellos/ellas/Uds pensaron
  2. Comer (to eat): yo comí, tu comiste, el/ella com, nosotros comimos, ellos/ellas/Uds comieron
  3. Vivir (to live): yo viví, tu viviste, el/ella viv, nosotros vivimos, ellos/ellas/Uds vivieron

Past Tense (irregular verbs)

  • Estar (to be): yo estuve, tu estuviste, el/ella/Usted estuvo, nosotros estuvimos, ellos/ellas/Uds estuvieron
  • Saber (to know): yo supe, tu supiste, el/ella/Usted supo, nosotros supimos, ellos/ellas/Uds supieron
  • Venir (to come): yo vine, tu viniste, el/ella/Usted vino, nosotros vinimos, ellos/ellas/Uds vinieron

Overview

  1. If a verb is regular and ending in (~ar) use the following: verb stem + é,aste,ó,amos,aron
  2. If a verb is regular and ending in (~er, ~ir) use the following: verb stem + iste,ió,imos,ieron
  3. Usually, if a verb is iregular use the following: irregular verb stem + e,iste,o,imos,ieron

Below is a list of 15 sentences conjugated into the past tense. I focused on the examples you might come across or use very often. The table contains 3 columns (English, Spanish, and Audio). Make sure you repeat each word after hearing it by either clicking on the audio button or by reading the pronunciation. That should help with memorization as well as improving your pronunciation.

Past Tense in Spanish

Past Spanish Audio
I saw youTe vi
I wrote with a penEscribí con pluma
You loved applesTe gustaron las manzanas
You gave moneyDiste dinero
You played tennisJugaste tenis
He read (past tense) a bookÉl leyó un libro
He understood meÉl me entendió
She had a catElla tenía un gato
She knew my friendElla conoció a mi amigo
We wanted to learnQueríamos aprender
We thought Spanish is easyCreíamos que el español era fácil
You (plural) worked hereUstedes trabajaron aquí
You (plural) spoke FrenchUstedes hablaban francés
They drove a carManejaron un auto
They smiledSonrieron

Questions?

If you have any questions, please contact me If you simply want to ask a question, please Spanish contact form on the header above.

List of Colors in Spanish

Below is a list of 18 words and expressions related to colors.

Colors in Spanish

Colors Spanish Audio
Blacknegro
Blueazul
Browncafé
Colorscolores
Dark colorcolor obscuro
Graygris
Greenverde
Light colorcolor claro
Orangenaranja
Redrojo
Whiteblanco
Yellowamarillo

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Daily Conversation in Spanish

Finally, here are some common sentences to strengthen your conversation skills. For a complete list of commonly used sentences, please visit our Spanish Phrases page. Enjoy!

Common Expressions in Spanish

English Spanish Audio
Black is his favorite colorel negro es su color favorito
I have black hairyo tengo el cabello negro
Red is not his favorite colorel rojo no es su color favorito
She drives a yellow carella maneja un auto amarillo
The sky is blueel cielo es azul
Your cat is whitetu gato es blanco
I enjoyed myself very muchMe divertí mucho
I agree with youestoy de acuerdo contigo
Are you sure?¿estás seguro?
Be careful!¡ten cuidado!
Cheers!¡salud!
Would you like to go for a walk?¿te gustaría ir a dar un paseo?

Fun Facts

Language Quote: ❝To have another language is to possess a second soul.❞ ‒Charlemagne

Congratulations! You finished your 14th lesson in Spanish about the past tense, and a vocabulary list about colors. Are you ready for the next lesson? We recommend Spanish Lesson 15. You can also simply click on one of the links below or go back to our Learn Spanish homepage.

Lessons Spanish Lessons
Linguistic Spanish Vocabulary
Culture Spanish Phrases
Structure Spanish Grammar