Verbs

Spanish Lesson 12 (Verbs and Time)

Duration: 30 mins

Lessons Spanish Lessons
Linguistic Spanish Vocabulary
Culture Spanish Phrases
Structure Spanish Grammar

This is the 12th lesson about Spanish verbs, as well as time expressions such as hours, days, and months. Finally some simple common phrases. I will try to give examples using both vocabulary and grammar. That way it will be easy for you to see the words when they are separate and when they are in a sentence. Going through the whole page should take about 30 min. Make sure to read the pronunciation and hear the audio as well. If you have any question about this course, please email me directly at Spanish Classes.

Verbs

Before we move on to lessons about the present, past, and future, we need to discuss verbs in general. The verb is the second most used part of speech after the noun. That means we need to pay more attention to its different forms and tenses.

Grammar Overview

To be able to conjugate a verb properly in Spanish, you need to know 2 things:

  1. Is the verb ending in (-ar, -er or -ir)? Example: hablar, comer, vivir
  2. Is the verb regular or irregular? Examples: conocer, dar, empezar
  3. What is the verb stem or root for regular or irregular? Examples: hablar (habl), comer (com), vivir (viv)

Present Tense

  1. If a verb is regular and ending in (~ar) use the following: verb stem + o,as,a,amos,an
  2. If a verb is regular and ending in (~er, ~ir) use the following: verb stem + o,es,e,emos (imos),en
  3. For irregular verbs, there is no simple formula, but generally: irregular verb stem + o,as,a,amos(emos,imos),an

Past Tense

  1. If a verb is regular and ending in (~ar) use the following: verb stem + é,aste,ó,amos,aron
  2. If a verb is regular and ending in (~er, ~ir) use the following: verb stem + iste,ió,imos,ieron
  3. Usually, if a verb is iregular use the following: irregular verb stem + e,iste,o,imos,ieron

Future Tense

  1. If a verb is regular and ending in (~ar, ~er, ~ir) use the following: infinitive + é,ás,á,emos,án
  2. Usually, if a verb is iregular use the following: irregular verb stem + é,ás.á,emos,án

Below is a list of 16 verbs that you might come across or use very often. They are in their raw format (not conjugated yet). The table contains 3 columns (English, Spanish, and Audio). Make sure you repeat each word after hearing it by either clicking on the audio button or by reading the pronunciation. That should help with memorization as well as improving your pronunciation.

Verbs List in Spanish

Verbs Spanish Audio
To driveconducir
To findencontrar
To givedar
To havetener
To knowsaber / conocer
To learnaprender
To loveamar
To playjugar
To readleer
To seever
To smilesonreir
To speakhablar
To thinkpensar
To understandentender
To worktrabajar
To writeescribir

Here is an example of the verb "to understand" conjugated into the present, past, and future.

Verb "to understand" in a Sentence

He understands meÉl me entiende
He understood meÉl me entendió
He will understand meÉl me entenderá

Questions?

If you have any questions, please contact me If you simply want to ask a question, please Spanish contact form on the header above.

Vocabulary List about Time

Below is a list of 30 words related to time such as hours, days and months. If you can memorize them by heart, you will be able to discuss time related topics more easily.

Time in Spanish

Time Spanish Audio
DaysDías
Mondaylunes
Tuesdaymartes
Wednesdaymiércoles
Thursdayjueves
Fridayviernes
Saturdaysábado
Sundaydomingo
Januaryenero
Februaryfebrero
Marchmarzo
Aprilabril
Maymayo
Junejunio
Julyjulio
Augustagosto
Septemberseptiembre
Octoberoctubre
Novembernoviembre
Decemberdiciembre
Autumnotoño
Winterinvierno
Springprimavera
Summerverano
Seasonsestaciones
Monthsmeses
Timetiempo
Hourhora
Minuteminuto
Secondsegundo

Donations

Our goal is to make this website the best in the world and 100% free. If you donate to us, we will put the donated money into improving the site even more by adding content and services. You are kindly welcome to do so here: Donate. If you cannot donate, please tell your friends about the site.

Daily Conversation in Spanish

Finally, here are some popular phrases you might need to use daily. For a complete list of commonly used sentences, please visit our Spanish Phrases page. Enjoy!

Common Expressions in Spanish

English Spanish Audio
I was born in Julynací en julio
I will visit you in Augustte visitaré en agosto
See you tomorrow!¡Hasta mañana!
Today is Mondayhoy es lunes
Winter is very cold hereel invierno es muy frío aquí
Yesterday was Sundayayer fue domingo
Are you married?¿eres casado?
I'm singlesoy soltero
Would you marry me?¿te casarías conmigo?
Can I have your phone number?¿me puedes dar tu número de teléfono?
Can I have your email?¿me puedes dar tu correo electrónico?

Fun Facts

Language Quote: ❝Learn everything you can, anytime you can, from anyone you can; there will always come a time when you will be grateful you did.❞ ‒Sarah Caldwell

Congratulations! You finished your 12th lesson in Spanish about verbs, and time. Are you ready for the next lesson? We recommend Spanish Lesson 13. You can also simply click on one of the links below or go back to our Learn Spanish homepage.

Lessons Spanish Lessons
Linguistic Spanish Vocabulary
Culture Spanish Phrases
Structure Spanish Grammar