The 8th lesson contains the Indonesian pronouns including the subject, object and possessive forms. In addition, you will find a vocabulary list about travel and finally some general common phrases. I will try to give examples using both vocabulary and grammar. That way it will be easy for you to see the words when they are separate and when they are in a sentence. Going through the whole page should take about 30 min. Make sure to read the pronunciation and hear the audio as well. If you have any question about this course, please email me directly at Indonesian Classes.
Pronouns are a must to learn because they are part of almost every sentence. They make up about 20% of the daily language use which includes the subject, object and possessive pronoun. If there is an lesson you should NOT skip, this would be one of them.
We will start with the subject pronouns since it's the most used of the 4 forms that you might come across or use very often. The table contains 3 columns (English, Indonesian, and Audio). Make sure you repeat each word after hearing it by either clicking on the audio button or by reading the pronunciation. That should help with memorization as well as improving your pronunciation.
|I love you|
|She is beautiful||Dia cantik|
|They are dancing||Mereka sedang berdansa|
|We are happy||Kami/kita berbahagia|
Object pronouns are another important one you should make sure you master.
|Can you call us?||Bisa kami dihubungi?|
|Give me your phone number||Boleh saya monta nomor telepon Anda?|
|I can give you my email||Saya akan berikan alamat imel saya|
|Tell him to call me||Sampaikan kepada dia untuk menghubungi saya|
Now we will discuss the possessive pronoun also called possessive determiners which is very straight forward and self explanatory. You use it when you want to express that something belongs to you but usually it comes before a noun.
|His email is...||imelnya....|
|My phone number is...||nomor telepon saya....|
|Our dream is to visit Spain||Cita-cita kami untuk berkunjung ke Spanyol|
|Their country is beautiful||Negara mereka indah|
If you have any questions, please contact me using the Indonesian contact form on the header above.
As for the possessive case of the pronoun, it is used differently because it does not have to come before a noun. Check out the examples!
|Ours||milik kita/milik kami|
|Yours (plural)||Milik kalian|
|Is this pen yours?||apakah ini pulpen Anda/kamu?|
|The book is mine||Buku ini milik saya|
|The shoes are hers||sepatu ini milik dia|
|Victory is ours||Kita/Kami telah menang|
Below is a list of 31 words and expressions related to travel such as means of transportation, lodging and tourism. If you memorize them by heart, you will be able to get around the country and ask for directions much easier than if you did not.
|Bus station||terminal bis|
|For business||untuk keperluan bisnis (dinas)|
|Train (noun)||kereta api|
|Train station||stasiun kereta api|
|By train||Naik kereta api|
|By car||Naik mobil|
|By bus||Naik bis|
|By taxi||Naik taksi|
|By airplane||Naik pesawat terbang|
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Finally, a list of sentences that you might need or see often. For a complete list of commonly used sentences, please visit our Indonesian Phrases page. Enjoy!
|Do you accept credit cards?||Apakah Anda menerima kartu kridit?|
|How much will it cost?||Harganya berapa?|
|I have a reservation|
|I'd like to rent a car||Saya ingin menyewa mobil.|
|I'm here on business / on vacation.||Saya di sini dinas/liburan.|
|Is this seat taken?||Apakah tempat duduk ini sudah diambil orang?|
|It was nice meeting you||Senang bertemu dengan Anda|
|Take this! (when giving something)|
|Do you like it?||Apakah anda menyenanginya?|
|I really like it!||Saya sangat menyukainya|
|I'm just kidding||Saya bercanda/ guyon|
|I'm hungry||Saya lapar|
|I'm thirsty||Saya haus|
Language Quote: Approximately one new word is added to the English language every two hours and around 4,000 new words are added to the English dictionary every year..
Congratulations! You finished your 8th lesson in Indonesian about the pronouns, and travel expressions. Are you ready for the next lesson? We recommend Indonesian Lesson 9. You can also simply click on one of the links below or go back to our Learn Indonesian homepage.