Indonesian Lesson 12 (Verbs and Time)

Duration: 30 mins

This is the 12th lesson about Indonesian verbs, as well as time expressions such as hours, days, and months. Finally some simple common phrases. I will try to give examples using both vocabulary and grammar. That way it will be easy for you to see the words when they are separate and when they are in a sentence. Going through the whole page should take about 30 min. Make sure to read the pronunciation and hear the audio as well. If you have any question about this course, please email me directly at Indonesian Classes.


Before we move on to lessons about the present, past, and future, we need to discuss verbs in general. The verb is the second most used part of speech after the noun. That means we need to pay more attention to its different forms and tenses.

Below is a list of 16 verbs that you might come across or use very often. They are in their raw format (not conjugated yet). The table contains 3 columns (English, Indonesian, and Audio). Make sure you repeat each word after hearing it by either clicking on the audio button or by reading the pronunciation. That should help with memorization as well as improving your pronunciation.

Verbs List in Indonesian

Verbs Indonesian
To drivemengemudi
To findMengemudi
To giveMenberi
To haveMemiliki/punya
To knowMengetahui
To learnBelajar
To loveMencintai
To playBermain
To readMembaca
To seeMelihat
To smileBersenyum
To speak
To thinkBerpikir
To understandMengerti
To workBekerja
To writeMenulis

Here is an example of the verb "to understand" conjugated into the past, present, and future.

Verb "to understand" in a Sentence

He understands meDia mengerti saya
He understood me
He will understand meKamu/Anda akan mengerti saya


If you have any questions, please contact me using the Indonesian contact form on the header above.

Vocabulary List about Time

Below is a list of 30 words related to time such as hours, days and months. If you can memorize them by heart, you will be able to discuss time related topics more easily.

Time in Indonesian

Time Indonesian
Autumnmusim gugur
Wintermusim dingin
Springmusim semi
Summermusim panas


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Daily Conversation in Indonesian

Finally, here are some popular phrases you might need to use daily. For a complete list of commonly used sentences, please visit our Indonesian Phrases page. Enjoy!

Common Expressions in Indonesian

English Indonesian
I was born in JulySaya lahir bulan Juli.
I will visit you in AugustSaya akan mengunjungi kamu (di) bulan Agustus.
See you tomorrow!Sampai jumpa besok.
Today is MondayHari ini hari Senin.
Winter is very cold hereMusim dingin dingin sekali di sini.
Yesterday was SundayKemarin hari Minggu (Rabu).
Are you married?
I'm single
Would you marry me?
Can I have your phone number?
Can I have your email?

Fun Facts

Language Quote: ❝Learn everything you can, anytime you can, from anyone you can; there will always come a time when you will be grateful you did.❞ ‒Sarah Caldwell

Congratulations! You finished your 12th lesson in Indonesian about verbs, and time. Are you ready for the next lesson? We recommend Indonesian Lesson 13. You can also simply click on one of the links below or go back to our Learn Indonesian homepage.