The 3rd lesson is about the plural in Indonesian and how to create it from the singular form. In addition, I will include a list of vocabulary about languages, nationalities, and countries. Finally, you will find some common everyday sentences. I will try to give examples using both vocabulary and grammar. That way it will be easy for you to see the words when they are separate and when they are in a sentence. Going through the whole page should take about 30 min. Make sure to read the pronunciation and hear the audio as well. If you have any question about this course, please email me directly at Indonesian Classes.
Knowing how to create the plural from the singular word can double the vocabulary you already know. It can make it easy to have a conversation about different topics by simply knowing some grammatical rules. For example how to change the word "book" to "books" or "woman" to "women".
Below is a list of singular words and their plural equivalent. I included examples about nature as well as about humans. The table contains 3 columns (English, Indonesian, and Audio). Make sure you repeat each word after hearing it by either clicking on the audio button or by reading the pronunciation. That should help with memorization as well as improving your pronunciation.
|Women||Para perempuan/wanita wanita|
|Boys||para anak laki-laki|
|Girls||Para anak perempuan|
Now we will try to implement some of the words above into full Indonesian sentences. That way you will be able to see how both forms are used when embedded in a structure.
|We speak two languages||Kami berbicara dua bahasa|
|They speak four languages||Mereka berbicara empat bahasa|
|I visited one country||Saya berkunjung satu negara|
|She visited three countries||Dia berkunjung tiga negara|
|She has one sister||Dia memiliki satu saudara perempuan|
|He has two sisters||Dia memiliki dua saudara perempuan|
If you have any questions, please contact me using the Indonesian contact form on the header above.
Below is a list of 50 words related to languages, nationalities, and countries. If you can memorize them by heart, you will be able to have a good conversation about how many languages you speak or where you came from.
|Arabic (language)||Bahasa Arab|
|Moroccan (nationality)||warga Maroko|
|Brazilian (language)||bahasa Brasil|
|Brazilian (nationality)||warga Brasil|
|Chinese (language)||Bahasa Cina|
|Chinese (nationality)||warga Cina / Tionghoa|
|British (nationality)||warga Inggris|
|American (nationality)||warga Amerika|
|French (language)||Bahasa Prancis|
|French (nationality)||warga Prancis|
|German (language)||Bahasa Jerman|
|German (nationality)||warga Jerman|
|Greek (language)||Bahasa Yunani|
|Greek (nationality)||warga Yunani|
|Hindi (language)||Bahasa India|
|Indian (nationality)||warga India|
|Irish (language)||Bahasa Irlandia|
|Irish (nationality)||warga Irlandia|
|Italian (language)||Bahasa Italia|
|Italian (nationality)||warga Italia|
|Japanese (language)||Bahasa Jepang|
|Japanese (nationality)||warga Jepang|
|Korean (language)||Bahasa Korea|
|Korean (nationality)||warga Korea|
|Iranian (nationality)||warga Iran|
|Portuguese (language)||Bahasa Portugis|
|Portuguese (nationality)||warga Portugal|
|Portugal (country)||Portugal (Portugis)|
|Russian (language)||Bahasa Rusia|
|Russian (nationality)||warga Rusia|
|Spanish (language)||Bahasa Spanyol|
|Spanish (nationality)||warga Spanyol|
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Finally, a list of sentences about languages, nationalities, and countries plus some bonus phrases. For a complete list of commonly used sentences, please visit our Indonesian Phrases page. Enjoy!
|I don't speak Korean|
|I love the Japanese language|
|I speak Italian|
|I want to learn Spanish|
|My mother tongue is German||Bahasa Ibu saya adalah Jerman|
|Spanish is easy to learn|
|He has a Moroccan rug||dia memiliki permadani dari Maroko|
|I have an American car||Saya memiliki mobil Amerika|
|I love French cheese||Saya suka keju Prancis|
|I'm Italian||Saya orang Italia|
|My father is Greek||Ayah saya orang Yunani|
|My wife is Korean||Istri saya orang Korea|
|Have you ever been to India?||Pernahkah Anda ke India?|
|I came from Spain||Saya datang dari Spanyol|
|I live in America||Saya tinggal di Amerika|
|I want to go to Germany||Saya ingin pergi ke Jerman|
|I was born in Italy||Saya lahir di Italia|
|Japan is a beautiful country||Jepang adalah negara yang indah|
|Long time no see|
|I missed you||Kangen|
|Nothing new||Biasa-biasa saja|
|Make yourself at home!|
|Have a good trip||Selamat jalan|
Language Quote that by simply knowing how to form the plural, you can double the number of nouns in your vocabulary, without having to memorize all the plural form.
Congratulations! You finished your third lesson in Indonesian about singular, plural, languages, nationalities, and countries. Are you ready for the next lesson? We recommend Indonesian Lesson 4. You can also simply click on one of the links below or go back to our Learn Indonesian homepage.