Adjectives

Indonesian Lesson 2 (Adjectives and Food)

Duration: 30 mins

This second lesson teaches many important aspect in Indonesian like adjectives, vocabulary list about food and finally common phrases about greeting. I will try to give examples using both vocabulary and grammar. That way it will be easy for you to see the words when they are separate and when they are in a sentence. Going through the whole page should take about 30 min. Make sure to read the pronunciation and hear the audio as well. If you have any question about this course, please email me directly at Indonesian Classes.

Adjectives

Knowing adjectives in Indonesian is a powerful skill. It can make it easy to have a conversation about different topics by simply knowing some key words such as "good", "bad", "right", "wrong" etc. Adjectives are words used to describe or modify another person or thing in the sentence for example: I am happy. Indonesian is easy.

Below is a list of 20 adjectives that you might come across or use very often. The table contains 3 columns (English, Indonesian, and Audio). Make sure you repeat each word after hearing it by either clicking on the audio button or by reading the pronunciation. That should help with memorization as well as improving your pronunciation.

Adjectives List in Indonesian

Adjectives Indonesian
Talltinggi
Shortpendek
Bigbesar
Widelebar
Longpanjang
Smallkecil
Thicktebal
Thintipis
Newbaru
Old (opposite of new)lama
Cheapmurah
Expensivemahal
Youngmuda
Old (opposite of young)tua
Wrongsalah
Right (correct)benar/ betul
GoodBaik
BadBuruk
Difficultsulit
Easymudah

Now we will try to implement some of the words above into full Indonesian sentences. That way you will be able to use the word not only by itself but embedded in a structure.

Indonesian Adjectives in a Sentence

English Indonesian
Am I right or wrong?Apakah saya benar atau salah?
Is he younger or older than you?Apakah dia lebih mudah atau lebih tua daripada Anda?
Is the test easy or difficult?Apakah ujian / tes sulit atau mudah/gampang?
Is this book new or old?Apakah ini buku baru atau lama?
This is so expensiveIni terlalu mahal.

Questions?

If you have any questions, please contact me using the Indonesian contact form on the header above.

Vocabulary List about Food

Below is a list of 50 words related to food such as fruits, vegetables and edible items. If you can memorize them by heart, you will be able to buy many food necessities from the supermarket or off the menu in a restaurant without a problem.

Food List in Indonesian

Food Indonesian
Breakfastsarapan
Lunchmakan siang
Dinnermakan malam
Mealmakanan
Applesapel
Avocadosalpukat
Bananaspisang
Beanskacang-kacangan
Breadroti
Buttermentega
Carrots wortel
Cheesekeju
Chickenayam
Coffeekopi
Cornjagung
Cucumbersketimun / mentimun
Eggstelur
Figsbuah ara
Fishikan
Foodmakanan
FruitBuah
Garlicbawang putih
Grapesbuah anggur
Ice creames krim
Lemonsjeruk nipis
Lettuceselada air
Meatdaging
Milksusu
Oliveszaitun
Onionsbawang
Orange juiceair jeruk
Orangesjeruk
PeachesPeach
PearsPir
Peppersmerica/lada
Pineapplesnanas (nenas)
Pizzapizza
Potatoeskentang
Pumpkinlabu parang
Saladselada (salad)
Saltgaram
Sandwichroti isi (sandwich)
Soda (like Coke)limun/minuman soda
StrawberriesStroberi
Sugargula
Teateh
Tomatoestomat
VegetablesSayuran
Waterair
Watermelonsemangka

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Daily Conversation in Indonesian

Finally, a list of sentences using the vocabulary used in this lesson plus some bonus phrases. For a complete list of commonly used sentences, please visit our Indonesian Phrases page. Enjoy!

Common Expressions in Indonesian

English Indonesian
Are you thirsty?Apakah Anda haus?
I'm hungrySaya lapar
Do you have a bottle of water?Apakah Anda mempunyai satu botol air?
Breakfast is readySarapan sudah siap (tersedia).
What kind of food do you like?Apa jenis makanan kesukaan Anda?
I like cheeseSaya suka keju.
Bananas taste sweetPisang rasanya manis
I don't like cucumberSaya tidak suka ketimun / mentimun
I like bananasSaya suka pisang
Lemons taste sourJeruk rasanya asam
This fruit is deliciousBuah ini enak
Vegetables are healthySayuran itu sehat
Hi!Hai/Halo
Good morning!Selamat pagi
Good afternoon!Selamat siang
Good evening!Selamat sore/malam
Welcome!Selamat datang
How are you? (informal)Apa khabar?/Apa kabar?
How are you? (formal)Apa khabar?/Apa kabar?
What's up? (colloquial) Gimana?
I'm fine, thank you!Baik, terima kasih
And you? (informal)Dan Anda?
And you? (formal)Dan Anda?/kamu?
GoodBaik

Fun Facts

Language Quote that a palindrome is a word, phrase, number, or other sequence of characters which reads the same backward or forward. Allowances may be made for adjustments to capital letters, punctuation, and word dividers.

Congratulations! You finished your second lesson in Indonesian about adjectives, and food. Are you ready for the next lesson? We recommend Indonesian Lesson 3. You can also simply click on one of the links below or go back to our Learn Indonesian homepage.