This second lesson teaches many important aspect in Indonesian like adjectives, vocabulary list about food and finally common phrases about greeting. I will try to give examples using both vocabulary and grammar. That way it will be easy for you to see the words when they are separate and when they are in a sentence. Going through the whole page should take about 30 min. Make sure to read the pronunciation and hear the audio as well. If you have any question about this course, please email me directly at Indonesian Classes.
Knowing adjectives in Indonesian is a powerful skill. It can make it easy to have a conversation about different topics by simply knowing some key words such as "good", "bad", "right", "wrong" etc. Adjectives are words used to describe or modify another person or thing in the sentence for example: I am happy. Indonesian is easy.
Below is a list of 20 adjectives that you might come across or use very often. The table contains 3 columns (English, Indonesian, and Audio). Make sure you repeat each word after hearing it by either clicking on the audio button or by reading the pronunciation. That should help with memorization as well as improving your pronunciation.
|Old (opposite of new)||lama|
|Old (opposite of young)||tua|
|Right (correct)||benar/ betul|
Now we will try to implement some of the words above into full Indonesian sentences. That way you will be able to use the word not only by itself but embedded in a structure.
|Am I right or wrong?||Apakah saya benar atau salah?|
|Is he younger or older than you?||Apakah dia lebih mudah atau lebih tua daripada Anda?|
|Is the test easy or difficult?||Apakah ujian / tes sulit atau mudah/gampang?|
|Is this book new or old?||Apakah ini buku baru atau lama?|
|This is so expensive||Ini terlalu mahal.|
If you have any questions, please contact me using the Indonesian contact form on the header above.
Below is a list of 50 words related to food such as fruits, vegetables and edible items. If you can memorize them by heart, you will be able to buy many food necessities from the supermarket or off the menu in a restaurant without a problem.
|Cucumbers||ketimun / mentimun|
|Ice cream||es krim|
|Orange juice||air jeruk|
|Sandwich||roti isi (sandwich)|
|Soda (like Coke)||limun/minuman soda|
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Finally, a list of sentences using the vocabulary used in this lesson plus some bonus phrases. For a complete list of commonly used sentences, please visit our Indonesian Phrases page. Enjoy!
|Are you thirsty?||Apakah Anda haus?|
|I'm hungry||Saya lapar|
|Do you have a bottle of water?||Apakah Anda mempunyai satu botol air?|
|Breakfast is ready||Sarapan sudah siap (tersedia).|
|What kind of food do you like?||Apa jenis makanan kesukaan Anda?|
|I like cheese||Saya suka keju.|
|Bananas taste sweet||Pisang rasanya manis|
|I don't like cucumber||Saya tidak suka ketimun / mentimun|
|I like bananas||Saya suka pisang|
|Lemons taste sour||Jeruk rasanya asam|
|This fruit is delicious||Buah ini enak|
|Vegetables are healthy||Sayuran itu sehat|
|Good morning!||Selamat pagi|
|Good afternoon!||Selamat siang|
|Good evening!||Selamat sore/malam|
|How are you? (informal)||Apa khabar?/Apa kabar?|
|How are you? (formal)||Apa khabar?/Apa kabar?|
|What's up? (colloquial)||Gimana?|
|I'm fine, thank you!||Baik, terima kasih|
|And you? (informal)||Dan Anda?|
|And you? (formal)||Dan Anda?/kamu?|
Language Quote that a palindrome is a word, phrase, number, or other sequence of characters which reads the same backward or forward. Allowances may be made for adjustments to capital letters, punctuation, and word dividers.
Congratulations! You finished your second lesson in Indonesian about adjectives, and food. Are you ready for the next lesson? We recommend Indonesian Lesson 3. You can also simply click on one of the links below or go back to our Learn Indonesian homepage.