The 8th lesson contains the Welsh pronouns including the subject, object and possessive forms. In addition, you will find a vocabulary list about travel and finally some general common phrases. I will try to give examples using both vocabulary and grammar. That way it will be easy for you to see the words when they are separate and when they are in a sentence. Going through the whole page should take about 30 min. Make sure to read the pronunciation and hear the audio as well. If you have any question about this course, please email me directly at Welsh Classes.
Pronouns are a must to learn because they are part of almost every sentence. They make up about 20% of the daily language use which includes the subject, object and possessive pronoun. If there is an lesson you should NOT skip, this would be one of them.
We will start with the subject pronouns since it's the most used of the 4 forms that you might come across or use very often. The table contains 3 columns (English, Welsh, and Audio). Make sure you repeat each word after hearing it by either clicking on the audio button or by reading the pronunciation. That should help with memorization as well as improving your pronunciation.
|I love you||Rwy'n dy garu di|
|She is beautiful||May hi'n brydferth|
|They are dancing||Mae nhw'n dawnsio|
|We are happy||Rydym ni'n hapus|
Object pronouns are another important one you should make sure you master.
|Can you call us?||Allwch chi ffonio ni?|
|Give me your phone number||Rho dy rhif ffôn i mi|
|I can give you my email||Galla i roi fy nghyfeiriad ebost i ti|
|Tell him to call me||Dwed wrtho i fy ngalw/ ffonio i|
Now we will discuss the possessive pronoun also called possessive determiners which is very straight forward and self explanatory. You use it when you want to express that something belongs to you but usually it comes before a noun.
|His email is...||Ei gyfeiriad ebost ydy...|
|My phone number is...||Fy rhif ffôn ydy...|
|Our dream is to visit Spain||Ein breuddwyd ni ydy i deithio i Sbaen...|
|Their country is beautiful||Mae eu gwlad yn brydferth|
If you have any questions, please contact me using the Welsh contact form on the header above.
As for the possessive case of the pronoun, it is used differently because it does not have to come before a noun. Check out the examples!
|Mine||fy un i|
|Yours||dy un di|
|His||ei un ef|
|Hers||ei un hi|
|Ours||ein un ni|
|Yours (plural)||eich un chi|
|Theirs||eu un nhw|
|Is this pen yours?||Ai dy ysgrifbin di ydy hwn?|
|The book is mine||Fy llyfr i ydy hwn|
|The shoes are hers||Ei esgidiau hi ydyn nhw|
|Victory is ours||Ein buddugoliaeth ni ydy hon|
Below is a list of 31 words and expressions related to travel such as means of transportation, lodging and tourism. If you memorize them by heart, you will be able to get around the country and ask for directions much easier than if you did not.
|Bus station||gorsaf fysiau|
|For business||ar gyfer busnes|
|For pleasure||ar gyfer pleser|
|Help Desk||desg gymorth|
|Passport||trwydded deithio/ pasbort|
|Train station||gorsaf drenau|
|By train||mewn tren|
|By car||mewn car|
|By bus||mewn bws|
|By taxi||mewn tacsi|
|By airplane||mewn awyren|
Our goal is to make this website the best in the world and 100% free. If you donate to us, we will put the donated money into improving the site even more by adding content and services. You are kindly welcome to do so here: Donate. If you cannot donate, please tell your friends about the site.
Finally, a list of sentences that you might need or see often. For a complete list of commonly used sentences, please visit our Welsh Phrases page. Enjoy!
|Do you accept credit cards?||Ydych chi'n derbyn cardiau credyd?|
|How much will it cost?||Faint ydy hyn yn costi?|
|I have a reservation||Rwyf wedi archebu bwrdd|
|I'd like to rent a car||Hoffwn i rhenti car|
|I'm here on business / on vacation.||Rwyf wedi dod yma ar fusnes/ ar fy ngwyliau|
|Is this seat taken?||Ydy'r sedd yma yn rhydd?|
|It was nice meeting you||Roedd yn bleser i gwrdd a chi|
|Take this! (when giving something)||Cymerwch hwn!|
|Do you like it?||Ydych chi'n ei hoffi?|
|I really like it!||Rwy'n ei hoffi yn fawr iawn!|
|I'm just kidding||Dim ond chwarae ydw i|
|I'm hungry||Mae chwant bwyd arna i|
|I'm thirsty||Mae angen diod arnai|
Language Quote: Approximately one new word is added to the English language every two hours and around 4,000 new words are added to the English dictionary every year..
Congratulations! You finished your 8th lesson in Welsh about the pronouns, and travel expressions. Are you ready for the next lesson? We recommend Welsh Lesson 9. You can also simply click on one of the links below or go back to our Learn Welsh homepage.