Plural

Welsh Lesson 3 (Plural and Languages)

Duration: 30 mins

Lessons Welsh Lessons
Linguistic Welsh Vocabulary
Culture Welsh Phrases
Structure Welsh Grammar

The 3rd lesson is about the plural in Welsh and how to create it from the singular form. In addition, I will include a list of vocabulary about languages, nationalities, and countries. Finally, you will find some common everyday sentences. I will try to give examples using both vocabulary and grammar. That way it will be easy for you to see the words when they are separate and when they are in a sentence. Going through the whole page should take about 30 min. Make sure to read the pronunciation and hear the audio as well. If you have any question about this course, please email me directly at Welsh Classes.

Plural

Knowing how to create the plural from the singular word can double the vocabulary you already know. It can make it easy to have a conversation about different topics by simply knowing some grammatical rules. For example how to change the word "book" to "books" or "woman" to "women".

Below is a list of singular words and their plural equivalent. I included examples about nature as well as about humans. The table contains 3 columns (English, Welsh, and Audio). Make sure you repeat each word after hearing it by either clicking on the audio button or by reading the pronunciation. That should help with memorization as well as improving your pronunciation.

Singular vs. Plural in Welsh

English Welsh
Countrygwlad
CountriesGwledydd
Lakellyn
Lakesllynoedd
Languageiaith
LanguagesIeithoedd
Womanmenyw
Womenmenywod
Mandyn
Mendynion
Boybachgen
Boysbechgyn
Girlmerch
Girlsmerched

Now we will try to implement some of the words above into full Welsh sentences. That way you will be able to see how both forms are used when embedded in a structure.

Singular vs. Plural in a Sentence

English Welsh
We speak two languagesRydym ni'n siarad dwy iaith
They speak four languagesRydyn nhw'n siarad pedair iaith
I visited one countryYmwelais i â un gwlad
She visited three countriesYmwelodd hi â thair gwlad
She has one sisterMae ganddi un chwaer
He has two sistersMae ganddo dwy chwaer

Questions?

If you have any questions, please contact me using the Welsh contact form on the header above.

Vocabulary List about Languages, Nationalities, and Countries

Below is a list of 50 words related to languages, nationalities, and countries. If you can memorize them by heart, you will be able to have a good conversation about how many languages you speak or where you came from.

Languages Nationalities and Countries List in Welsh

English Welsh
Arabic (language)Arabeg
Moroccan (nationality)Morocaidd
Morocco (country)Moroco
Brazilian (language)no value
Brazilian (nationality)Brasilaidd
Brazil (country)Brasil
Chinese (language)Tsieinëeg
Chinese (nationality)Tsieineaidd
China (country)Tsieina
English (language)Welsh
British (nationality)Prydeinig
Britain (country)Prydain
American (nationality)Americanaidd
America (country)America
French (language)Ffrangeg
French (nationality)Ffrengig
France (country)Ffrainc
German (language)Almaeneg
German (nationality)Almaenaidd/ Almaenig
Germany (country)Yr Almaen
Greek (language)Groeg
Greek (nationality)Groegaidd
Greece (country)Gwlad Groeg
Hindi (language)Hindi/ Hindeg
Indian (nationality)Indiaidd
India (country)India
Irish (language)Gwyddeleg
Irish (nationality)Gwyddelig
Ireland (country)Iwerddon
Italian (language)Eidaleg
Italian (nationality)Eidalaidd
Italy (country)Yr Eidal
Japanese (language)Siapaneg/ Siapaneeg
Japanese (nationality)Japaneaidd
Japan (country)Siapan
Korean (language)Corëeg
Korean (nationality)Coreaidd
Korea (country)Corea
Persian (language)Perseg
Iranian (nationality)Iranaidd
Iran (country)Iran
Portuguese (language)Portiwgaleg/ Portiwgeeg
Portuguese (nationality)Portiwgeaidd
Portugal (country)Portiwgal
Russian (language)Rwseg
Russian (nationality)Rwsiad
Russia (country)Rwsia
Spanish (language)Sbaeneg
Spanish (nationality)Sbaenaidd
Spain (country)Sbaen

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Daily Conversation in Welsh

Finally, a list of sentences about languages, nationalities, and countries plus some bonus phrases. For a complete list of commonly used sentences, please visit our Welsh Phrases page. Enjoy!

Common Expressions in Welsh

English Welsh
Languages
I don't speak KoreanNid wy'n siarad Corëeg
I love the Japanese languageRwy'n dwli ar Siapaneeg
I speak ItalianRwy'n siarad Eidaleg
I want to learn SpanishRwyf eisiau dysgu Sbaeneg
My mother tongue is GermanFy mamiaeth yw Almaeneg
Spanish is easy to learnMae Sbaeneg yn rhwydd i'w ddysgu
Origins
He has a Moroccan rugMae gen i garped Morocaidd
I have an American carMae gen i gar Americanaidd
I love French cheeseRwy'n dwli ar gaws Ffrengig
I'm ItalianRwy'n Eidalaidd
My father is GreekMae fy nhad yn Groegaidd
My wife is KoreanMae fy ngwraig yn Goreaidd
Countries
Have you ever been to India?Wyt ti/ Ydych chi byth wedi bod i India?
I came from SpainRwy'n dod o Sbaen
I live in AmericaRwy'n byw yn America
I want to go to GermanyRwyf eisiau mynd i'r Almaen
I was born in ItalyCes (i) fy ngeni yn yr Eidal
Japan is a beautiful countryMae Siapan yn wlad brydferth
Phrases
Long time no seeDydw i heb dy weld di ers oesoedd!
I missed youRwy'n dy golli di/ Rwy'n hiraethu amdanat ti
What's new?Beth wyt ti wedi bod yn gwneud?
Nothing newDim llawer
Make yourself at home!Gwnewch eich hun yn gartrefol!
Have a good tripMwynhewch y daith!

Fun Facts

Language Quote that by simply knowing how to form the plural, you can double the number of nouns in your vocabulary, without having to memorize all the plural form.

Congratulations! You finished your third lesson in Welsh about singular, plural, languages, nationalities, and countries. Are you ready for the next lesson? We recommend Welsh Lesson 4. You can also simply click on one of the links below or go back to our Learn Welsh homepage.

Lessons Welsh Lessons
Linguistic Welsh Vocabulary
Culture Welsh Phrases
Structure Welsh Grammar