Adjectives

Welsh Lesson 2 (Adjectives and Food)

Duration: 30 mins

Lessons Welsh Lessons
Linguistic Welsh Vocabulary
Culture Welsh Phrases
Structure Welsh Grammar

This second lesson teaches many important aspect in Welsh like adjectives, vocabulary list about food and finally common phrases about greeting. I will try to give examples using both vocabulary and grammar. That way it will be easy for you to see the words when they are separate and when they are in a sentence. Going through the whole page should take about 30 min. Make sure to read the pronunciation and hear the audio as well. If you have any question about this course, please email me directly at Welsh Classes.

Adjectives

Knowing adjectives in Welsh is a powerful skill. It can make it easy to have a conversation about different topics by simply knowing some key words such as "good", "bad", "right", "wrong" etc. Adjectives are words used to describe or modify another person or thing in the sentence for example: I am happy. Welsh is easy.

Below is a list of 20 adjectives that you might come across or use very often. The table contains 3 columns (English, Welsh, and Audio). Make sure you repeat each word after hearing it by either clicking on the audio button or by reading the pronunciation. That should help with memorization as well as improving your pronunciation.

Adjectives List in Welsh

Adjectives Welsh
Talltal
Shortbyr
Bigmawr
Widellydan
Longhir
Smallbach
Thicktrwchus
Thintenau
Newnewydd
Old (opposite of new)hen
Cheaprhad
Expensiveprud
Youngifanc
Old (opposite of young)hen
Wronganghywir
Right (correct)cywir
Goodda
Baddrwg
Difficultanodd
Easyrhwydd

Now we will try to implement some of the words above into full Welsh sentences. That way you will be able to use the word not only by itself but embedded in a structure.

Welsh Adjectives in a Sentence

English Welsh
Am I right or wrong?Ydw i'n gywir neu'n anghywir?
Is he younger or older than you?Ydy e'n ifancach neu'n hench na ti?
Is the test easy or difficult?Ydy'r prawf yn rhwydd neu'n anodd?
Is this book new or old?Ydy'r llyfr yma yn newydd neu'n hen?
This is so expensiveMae hwn yn rhy brud

Questions?

If you have any questions, please contact me using the Welsh contact form on the header above.

Vocabulary List about Food

Below is a list of 50 words related to food such as fruits, vegetables and edible items. If you can memorize them by heart, you will be able to buy many food necessities from the supermarket or off the menu in a restaurant without a problem.

Food List in Welsh

Food Welsh
Breakfastbrecwast
Lunchcinio
Dinnercinio
Mealpryd (pryd bwyd / pryd o fwyd)
Applesafalau
Avocadosafocados
Bananasbananas
Beansffa
Breadbara
Buttermenyn
Carrots moron
Cheesecaws
Chickencyw iâr
Coffeecoffi
Corngrawn ŷd
Cucumbersciwcymbrau
Eggswyau
Figsffigys
Fishpysgod
FoodBwyd
FruitFfrwythau
Garlicgarlleg
Grapesgrawnwin
Ice creamhufen-iâ
Lemonslemwnau
Lettuceletys
Meatcig
Milkllaeth (S) / llefrith (N)
Olivesffrwythau'r olewydd
Onionswinwns
Orange juicesudd oren
Orangesorennau
Peacheseirin gwlanog
Pearsgellyg
Pepperspuprau
Pineapplespinafalau
Pizzapizza
Potatoestatws
Pumpkinpwmpenni
Saladsalad
Salthalen
Sandwichbrechdan
Soda (like Coke)pop
Strawberriesmefus
Sugarsiwgr
Teate
Tomatoestomatos
VegetablesLlysiau
Waterdŵr
Watermelonmelon dŵr

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Daily Conversation in Welsh

Finally, a list of sentences using the vocabulary used in this lesson plus some bonus phrases. For a complete list of commonly used sentences, please visit our Welsh Phrases page. Enjoy!

Common Expressions in Welsh

English Welsh
Are you thirsty?Oes syched arnat ti / arnoch chi?
I'm hungryMae chwant bwyd arna i
Do you have a bottle of water?Oes potel o ddŵr gyda ti / gyda chi?
Breakfast is readyMae brecwast yn barod
What kind of food do you like?Pa fath o fwyd wyt ti'n hoffi / ydych chi'n hoffi?
I like cheeseRwy'n hoffi caws
Bananas taste sweetMae bananas yn felus
I don't like cucumberNid wy'n hoffi ciwcymbrau
I like bananasRwy'n hoffi bananas
Lemons taste sourMae lemwnau yn sur
This fruit is deliciousMae'r ffrwyth yma yn flasus iawn
Vegetables are healthyMae llysiau yn iachus
Hi!Helo!
Good morning!Bore da!
Good afternoon!Prynhawn da!
Good evening!Noswaith dda!
Welcome!Croeso!
How are you? (informal)Sut ydych chi?
How are you? (formal)Sut wyt ti?
What's up? (colloquial) Beth sy'n digwydd?
I'm fine, thank you!Rydw i'n iawn, diolch!
And you? (informal)Beth amdanoch chi?
And you? (formal)Beth amdanat ti?
Goodda

Fun Facts

Language Quote that a palindrome is a word, phrase, number, or other sequence of characters which reads the same backward or forward. Allowances may be made for adjustments to capital letters, punctuation, and word dividers.

Congratulations! You finished your second lesson in Welsh about adjectives, and food. Are you ready for the next lesson? We recommend Welsh Lesson 3. You can also simply click on one of the links below or go back to our Learn Welsh homepage.

Lessons Welsh Lessons
Linguistic Welsh Vocabulary
Culture Welsh Phrases
Structure Welsh Grammar