Welsh Lesson 4 (Prepositions and Directions)

Duration: 30 mins

Lessons Welsh Lessons
Linguistic Welsh Vocabulary
Culture Welsh Phrases
Structure Welsh Grammar

This first lesson teaches many important aspect of Welsh like prepositions, vocabulary list about directions and finally common phrases about how to introduce yourself. I will try to give examples using both vocabulary and grammar. That way it will be easy for you to see the words when they are separate and when they are in a sentence. Going through the whole page should take about 30 min. Make sure to read the pronunciation and hear the audio as well. If you have any question about this course, please email me directly at Welsh Classes.


Prepositions are used in almost every sentence. They can be a great tool to link words with each other. For example by simply knowing how to use "to", "with", "from", "after" you can expand your conversation scope. In short, a preposition describes a relationship between words in a sentence, for example: I agree with you.

Below is a list of 27 prepositions that you might come across or use very often. The table contains 3 columns (English, Welsh, and Audio). Make sure you repeat each word after hearing it by either clicking on the audio button or by reading the pronunciation. That should help with memorization as well as improving your pronunciation.

Prepositions List in Welsh

Prepositions Welsh
In front ofo flaen
Behindtu ôl i
Afterar ôl
Insidetu mewn
Outsidetu allan i
On top ofar ben/ uwchben
Undero dan
About (in regards to)am
As (similar to)fel
Forar gyfer
Instead ofyn lle

Now we will try to implement some of the prepositions above into full Welsh sentences. That way you will be able to use the word not only by itself but embedded in a structure.

Welsh Prepositions in a Sentence

English Welsh
Can I practice Italian with you?Galla i ymarfer Eidaleg gyda chi?
I speak French but with an accentRwy'n siarad Ffrangeg on mae gen i acen
I was born in MiamiCes i fy ngeni ym Miami
I'm from JapanRwy'n dod o Siapan
The letter is inside the bookMae'r llythyr y tu mewn i'r llyfr
The pen is under the deskMae'r ysgrifbin o dan y ddesg
Can I help you?Alla i eich helpu?


If you have any questions, please contact me using the Welsh contact form on the header above.

Vocabulary List about Directions

Below is a list of 28 words and sentences related to directions that you might need when lost or asking for help. If you can memorize them by heart, you will be able to travel from point A to point B by following directions.

Giving Directions in Welsh

Directions Welsh
Can you help me?Allwch chi fy helpu i?
Can you show me?Allwch chi ddangos i mi?
Come with me!Dewch gyda fi!
Downtown (city center)canol y dref/ ddinas
Excuse me! (to ask someone)Esgusodwch fi!
Go straightEwch syth ymlaen
How can I get to the museum? Beth yw'r ffordd orau i'r amgueddfa?
How long does it take to get there?Faint (o amser) mae'n cymryd i fynd yna?
I'm lostRwyf ar goll
I'm not from hereNid wy'n dod o fan hyn yn wreiddiol
It's far from hereMae'n bell o fan hyn
It's near hereMae'n agos i fan hyn
One moment please!Un munud os gwelwch yn dda!
Turn leftTrowch i'r chwith
Turn rightTrowch i'r dde
Lefti'r chwith
Righti'r dde
Straightsyth ymlaen
Theredraw fan yna
To drivei
To turntroi
To walkcerdded
Traffic lightgoleuadau traffig


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Daily Conversation in Welsh

Finally, a couple sentences to help you know how to introduce yourself in Welsh. For a complete list of commonly used sentences, please visit our Welsh Phrases page. Enjoy!

Common Expressions in Welsh

English Welsh
Do you speak English?Ydych chi'n siarad Saesneg?
Just a littleDim ond tipyn bach
What's your name?Beth yw dy enw di?
My name is (John Doe)Fy enw i ydy (John Doe)
Mr... / Mrs. ... / Miss...Mr../ Mrs../ Miss..
Nice to meet you!Neis i gwrdd a chi!
You're very kind!Rydych chi'n garedig iawn!

Fun Facts

Language Quote: The language of a society changes slowly but steadily with the result that an educated person will not be able to read or understand words in his language written 500 years ago. Do you feel like you can't talk to your parents? Maybe it's because you belong to the Niger-Congo family. More than 1,400 languages are spoken by different members of this family from Africa..

Congratulations! You finished your 4th lesson in Welsh about prepositions, and directions. Are you ready for the next lesson? We recommend Welsh Lesson 5. You can also simply click on one of the links below or go back to our Learn Welsh homepage.

Lessons Welsh Lessons
Linguistic Welsh Vocabulary
Culture Welsh Phrases
Structure Welsh Grammar