Prepositions

Thai Lesson 4 (Prepositions and Directions)

Duration: 30 mins

Lessons Thai Lessons
Linguistic Thai Vocabulary
Culture Thai Phrases
Structure Thai Grammar

This first lesson teaches many important aspect of Thai like prepositions, vocabulary list about directions and finally common phrases about how to introduce yourself. I will try to give examples using both vocabulary and grammar. That way it will be easy for you to see the words when they are separate and when they are in a sentence. Going through the whole page should take about 30 min. Make sure to read the pronunciation and hear the audio as well. If you have any question about this course, please email me directly at Thai Classes.

Prepositions

Prepositions are used in almost every sentence. They can be a great tool to link words with each other. For example by simply knowing how to use "to", "with", "from", "after" you can expand your conversation scope. In short, a preposition describes a relationship between words in a sentence, for example: I agree with you.

Below is a list of 27 prepositions that you might come across or use very often. The table contains 3 columns (English, Thai, and Audio). Make sure you repeat each word after hearing it by either clicking on the audio button or by reading the pronunciation. That should help with memorization as well as improving your pronunciation.

Prepositions List in Thai

Prepositions Thai Audio
In front ofต่อหน้า
t̀xh̄n̂ā
Behindข้างหลัง
k̄ĥāng h̄lạng
Beforeก่อน
k̀xn
Afterหลังจาก
h̄lạngcāk
Insideข้างใน
k̄ĥāng nı
Withด้วย
d̂wy
Withoutไม่มี
mị̀mī
Outsideข้างนอก
k̄ĥāng nxk
On top ofด้านบน ของ
d̂ān bn k̄hxng
Underภายใต้
p̣hāy tı̂
About (in regards to)เกี่ยวกับ
keī̀yw kạb
Againstต่อ
t̀x
Andและ
læa
As (similar to)เช่น
chèn
Betweenระหว่าง
rah̄ẁāng
Butแต่
tæ̀
Forสำหรับ
s̄ảh̄rạb
Fromจาก
cāk
Inใน
Instead ofแทนที่
thænthī̀
Nearใกล้
kıl̂
Ofของ
k̄hxng
Orหรือ
h̄rụ̄x
Sinceตั้งแต่
tậngtæ̀
Soดังนั้น
dạngnận
Toไปยัง
pị yạng
Untilจนกระทั่ง
cnkrathạ̀ng

Now we will try to implement some of the prepositions above into full Thai sentences. That way you will be able to use the word not only by itself but embedded in a structure.

Thai Prepositions in a Sentence

English Thai Audio
Can I practice Italian with you?ฉันสามารถฝึกภาษาอิตตาลีกับคุณได้ไหม
c̄hạn s̄āmārt̄h f̄ụk p̣hās̄ʹā xit tā lī kạb khuṇ dị̂ h̄ịm
I speak French but with an accentฉันพูดภาษาฝรั่งเศสแบบมีสำเนียง
c̄hạn phūd p̣hās̄ʹā f̄rạ̀ngṣ̄es̄ bæb mī s̄ảneīyng
I was born in Miamiฉันเกิดที่ไมอามี่
c̄hạn keid thī̀ mị xā mī̀
I'm from Japanฉันมาจากประเทศญี่ปุ่น
c̄hạn mā cāk pratheṣ̄ ỵī̀pùn
The letter is inside the bookจดหมายอยู่ข้างในหนังสือ
cdh̄māy xyū̀ k̄ĥāng nı h̄nạngs̄ụ̄x
The pen is under the deskปากกาอยู่ใต้โตะ๊
pākkā xyū̀ tı̂ toá
Directions
Can I help you?มีอะไรให้ช่วยไหม (ครับ / คะ)
mī xarị h̄ı̂ ch̀wy h̄ịm (khrạb/ kha)

Questions?

If you have any questions, please contact me If you simply want to ask a question, please Thai contact form on the header above.

Vocabulary List about Directions

Below is a list of 28 words and sentences related to directions that you might need when lost or asking for help. If you can memorize them by heart, you will be able to travel from point A to point B by following directions.

Giving Directions in Thai

Directions Thai Audio
Can you help me?กรุณาช่วยด้วย (ครับ / ค่ะ)
kruṇā ch̀wy d̂wy (khrạb/ kh̀a)
Can you show me?ขอดูได้ไหม (ครับ / คะ) ช่วยบอกได้ไหม
k̄hx dū dị̂ h̄ịm (khrạb/ kha) ch̀wy bxk dị̂ h̄ịm
Come with me!มาด้วยกัน (ครับ / ค่ะ)
mā d̂wy kạn (khrạb/ kh̀a)
Downtown (city center)ใจกลางเมือง
cıklāng meụ̄xng
Excuse me! (to ask someone)ขอโทษ (ครับ / ค่ะ)
k̄hxthos̄ʹ (khrạb/ kh̀a)
Go straightตรงไป
trng pị
How can I get to the museum? ผมจะไปพิพิธภัณฑ์อย่างไร (ครับ / คะ)
p̄hm ca pị phiphiṭhp̣hạṇṯh̒ xỳāngrị (khrạb/ kha)
How long does it take to get there?การเดินทาง ใช้เวลานานเท่าไหร่ (ครับ / คะ)
kār deinthāng chı̂ welā nān thèā h̄ịr̀ (khrạb/ kha)
I'm lostหลงทาง (ครับ / ค่ะ)
h̄lng thāng (khrạb/ kh̀a)
I'm not from hereผมไม่ใช่คนท้องถิ่น (ครับ / ค่ะ)
p̄hm mị̀chı̀ khn tĥxngt̄hìn (khrạb/ kh̀a)
It's far from hereอยู่ห่างออกไปจากตรงนี้
xyū̀ h̄̀āng xxk pị cāk trng nī̂
It's near hereใกล้ๆ
kıl̂«
One moment please!กรุณารอสักครู่ (ครับ / ค่ะ)
kruṇā rx s̄ạk khrū̀ (khrạb/ kh̀a)
Turn leftเลี้ยวซ้าย
leī̂yw ŝāy
Turn rightเลี้ยวขวา
leī̂yw k̄hwā
Farไกล
kịl
Hereที่นี่
thī̀ nī̀
Leftซ้าย
ŝāy
Rightขวา
k̄hwā
Nearใกล้
kıl̂
Straightตรง
trng
Thereที่นั่น
thī̀ nạ̀n
To driveขับขี่
k̄hạbk̄hī̀
To turnเลี้ยว
leī̂yw
To walkเดิน
dein
Traffic lightไฟจราจร
fị crācr
Transportationการขนส่ง
kār k̄hns̄̀ng

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Daily Conversation in Thai

Finally, a couple sentences to help you know how to introduce yourself in Thai. For a complete list of commonly used sentences, please visit our Thai Phrases page. Enjoy!

Common Expressions in Thai

English Thai Audio
Do you speak English?คุณพูดภาษาอังกฤษได้ไหม
khuṇ phūd p̣hās̄ʹā xạngkvs̄ʹ dị̂ h̄ịm
Just a littleได้นิดหน่อย
dị̂ nidh̄ǹxy
What's your name?คุณชื่ออะไร
khuṇ chụ̄̀x xarị
My name is (John Doe)ผมชื่อ
p̄hm chụ̄̀x
Mr... / Mrs. ... / Miss...นาย นาง นางสาว
nāy nāng nāngs̄āw
Nice to meet you!ยินดีที่ได้รู้จัก
yindī thī̀ dị̂ rū̂cạk
You're very kind!คุณใจดีมาก
khuṇ cıdī māk

Fun Facts

Language Quote: The language of a society changes slowly but steadily with the result that an educated person will not be able to read or understand words in his language written 500 years ago. Do you feel like you can't talk to your parents? Maybe it's because you belong to the Niger-Congo family. More than 1,400 languages are spoken by different members of this family from Africa..

Congratulations! You finished your 4th lesson in Thai about prepositions, and directions. Are you ready for the next lesson? We recommend Thai Lesson 5. You can also simply click on one of the links below or go back to our Learn Thai homepage.

Lessons Thai Lessons
Linguistic Thai Vocabulary
Culture Thai Phrases
Structure Thai Grammar