Prepositions

Hindi Lesson 4 (Prepositions and Directions)

Duration: 30 mins

Lessons Hindi Lessons
Linguistic Hindi Vocabulary
Culture Hindi Phrases
Structure Hindi Grammar

This first lesson teaches many important aspect of Hindi like prepositions, vocabulary list about directions and finally common phrases about how to introduce yourself. I will try to give examples using both vocabulary and grammar. That way it will be easy for you to see the words when they are separate and when they are in a sentence. Going through the whole page should take about 30 min. Make sure to read the pronunciation and hear the audio as well. If you have any question about this course, please email me directly at Hindi Classes.

Prepositions

Prepositions are used in almost every sentence. They can be a great tool to link words with each other. For example by simply knowing how to use "to", "with", "from", "after" you can expand your conversation scope. In short, a preposition describes a relationship between words in a sentence, for example: I agree with you.

Below is a list of 27 prepositions that you might come across or use very often. The table contains 3 columns (English, Hindi, and Audio). Make sure you repeat each word after hearing it by either clicking on the audio button or by reading the pronunciation. That should help with memorization as well as improving your pronunciation.

Prepositions List in Hindi

Prepositions Hindi
In front ofके सामने [kē sāmanē]
Behindके पीछे [kē pīchē]
Beforeके पहले [kē pahalē]
Afterके बाद [kē bāda]
Insideके अंदर [kē andara]
Withके साथ [kē sātha]
Withoutके बिना [kē binā]
Outsideके बाहर [kē bāhara]
On top ofके ऊपर [kē ūpara]
Underके नीचे [kē nīcē]
About (in regards to)के बारे में (के संबंध में) [kē bārē mē̃ (kē sambandha mē̃)]
Againstविपक्ष [vipakṣa]
Andएवं [ēvaṁ]
As (similar to)के रूप में (के समान) [kē rūpa mē̃ (kē samāna)]
Betweenके बीच [kē bīca]
Butपरंतु [parantu]
Forके लिए [kē liē]
Fromसे [sē]
Inमें [mē̃]
Instead ofके बजाय [kē bajāya]
Nearके निकट [kē nikaṭa]
Ofका [kā]
Orया [yā]
Sinceके बाद [kē bāda]
Soतो [tō]
Toको [kō]
Untilजब तक [jaba taka]

Now we will try to implement some of the prepositions above into full Hindi sentences. That way you will be able to use the word not only by itself but embedded in a structure.

Hindi Prepositions in a Sentence

English Hindi
Can I practice Italian with you?क्या मैं तुम्हारे साथ इतालवी अभ्यास कर सकता? [kyā maĩ tumhārē sātha itālavī abhyāsa kara sakatā?]
I speak French but with an accentमैं फ्रेंच बोलता हूँ लेकिन एक उच्चारण के साथ [maĩ phrēñca bōlatē haĩ lēkina ēka uccāraṇa kē sātha]
I was born in Miamiमैं मियामी में पैदा हुआ था [maĩ miyāmī mē̃ paidā huā thā]
I'm from Japanमैं जापान से हूँ [maĩ jāpāna sē hū̃]
The letter is inside the bookपत्र किताब के अंदर है [patra kitāba kē andara hai]
The pen is under the deskकलम मेज के नीचे है [kalama mēja kē nīcē hai]
Directions
Can I help you?क्या मैं आपकी मदद कर सकता हूँ ? [kyā maĩ āpakī madada kara sakatā hū̃ ?]

Questions?

If you have any questions, please contact me If you simply want to ask a question, please Hindi contact form on the header above.

Vocabulary List about Directions

Below is a list of 28 words and sentences related to directions that you might need when lost or asking for help. If you can memorize them by heart, you will be able to travel from point A to point B by following directions.

Giving Directions in Hindi

Directions Hindi
Can you help me?क्या आप मेरी मदद कर सकते हैं? [kyā āpa mērī madada kara sakatē haĩ?]
Can you show me?तुम मुझे दिखा सकते हैं? [tuma mujhē dikhā sakatē haĩ?]
Come with me!मेरे साथ आओ! [mērē sātha āō!]
Downtown (city center)डाउनटाउन (सिटी सेंटर) [ḍāunaṭāuna (siṭī sēṇṭara)]
Excuse me! (to ask someone)क्षमा करें! (किसी को पूछने के लिए) [kṣamā karē̃! (kisī kō pūchanē kē liē)]
Go straightसीधे जाओ [sīdhē jāō]
How can I get to the museum? कैसे मैं संग्रहालय जा सकता हुँ? [kaisē maĩ sangrahālaya jā sakatā hũ?]
How long does it take to get there?वहाँ जाने के लिए कितने देर लगता है ? [vahā̃ jānē kē liē kitanē dēra lagatā hai ?]
I'm lostमैं हार गया हूँ [maĩ hāra gayā hū̃]
I'm not from hereमैं यहाँ के नहीं हूँ [maĩ yahā̃ kē nahī̃ hū̃]
It's far from hereयह यहाँ से दूर है [yaha yahā̃ sē dūra hai]
It's near hereयह यहाँ के पास है [yaha yahā̃ kē pāsa hai]
One moment please!कृपया एक क्षण! [kṛpayā ēka kṣaṇa!]
Turn leftबाएँ मुड़ें [bāē̃ muṛē̃]
Turn rightदाएँ मुड़ें [dāē̃ muṛē̃]
Farदूर [dūra]
Hereयहाँ [yahā̃]
Leftबायाँ [bāyā̃]
Rightदायाँ [dāyā̃]
Nearनिकट [nikaṭa]
Straightसीधा [sīdhā]
Thereवहाँ [vahā̃]
To driveड्राइव करने के लिए [ḍrāiva karanē kē liē]
To turnमुडने के लिए [muḍanē kē liē]
To walkचलने के लिए [calanē kē liē]
Traffic lightट्रैफिक लाईट [ṭraiphika lāīṭa]
Transportationपरिवहन [parivahana]

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Daily Conversation in Hindi

Finally, a couple sentences to help you know how to introduce yourself in Hindi. For a complete list of commonly used sentences, please visit our Hindi Phrases page. Enjoy!

Common Expressions in Hindi

English Hindi
Do you speak English?क्या आप अंग्रेज़ी बोलते हैं? [kyā āpa angrēzī bōlatē haĩ?]
Just a littleबस थोड़ा सा [basa thōṛā sā]
What's your name?तुम्हारा नाम क्या है? [tumhārā nāma kyā hai?]
My name is (John Doe)मेरा नाम (जॉन डो) है [mērā nāma (jôna ḍō) hai]
Mr... / Mrs. ... / Miss...श्री ... / श्रीमती ... / कुमारी .. [śrī ... / śrīmatī ... / kumārī ..]
Nice to meet you!आपसे मिलकर अच्छा लगा! [āpasē milakara acchā lagā!]
You're very kind!तुम बहुत अच्छे हो! [tuma bahuta acchē hō!]

Fun Facts

Language Quote: The language of a society changes slowly but steadily with the result that an educated person will not be able to read or understand words in his language written 500 years ago. Do you feel like you can't talk to your parents? Maybe it's because you belong to the Niger-Congo family. More than 1,400 languages are spoken by different members of this family from Africa..

Congratulations! You finished your 4th lesson in Hindi about prepositions, and directions. Are you ready for the next lesson? We recommend Hindi Lesson 5. You can also simply click on one of the links below or go back to our Learn Hindi homepage.

Lessons Hindi Lessons
Linguistic Hindi Vocabulary
Culture Hindi Phrases
Structure Hindi Grammar