Plural

Hindi Lesson 3 (Plural and Languages)

Duration: 30 mins

Lessons Hindi Lessons
Linguistic Hindi Vocabulary
Culture Hindi Phrases
Structure Hindi Grammar

The 3rd lesson is about the plural in Hindi and how to create it from the singular form. In addition, I will include a list of vocabulary about languages, nationalities, and countries. Finally, you will find some common everyday sentences. I will try to give examples using both vocabulary and grammar. That way it will be easy for you to see the words when they are separate and when they are in a sentence. Going through the whole page should take about 30 min. Make sure to read the pronunciation and hear the audio as well. If you have any question about this course, please email me directly at Hindi Classes.

Plural

Knowing how to create the plural from the singular word can double the vocabulary you already know. It can make it easy to have a conversation about different topics by simply knowing some grammatical rules. For example how to change the word "book" to "books" or "woman" to "women".

Below is a list of singular words and their plural equivalent. I included examples about nature as well as about humans. The table contains 3 columns (English, Hindi, and Audio). Make sure you repeat each word after hearing it by either clicking on the audio button or by reading the pronunciation. That should help with memorization as well as improving your pronunciation.

Singular vs. Plural in Hindi

English Hindi
Countryदेश [dēśa]
Countriesदेश [dēśa]
Lakeझील [jhīla]
Lakesझीलें [jhīlē̃]
Languageभाषा [bhāṣā]
Languagesभाषाएँ [bhāṣāē̃]
Womanमहिला [mahilā]
Womenमहिलाएँ [mahilāē̃]
Manआदमी [ādamī]
Menआदमी [ādamī]
Boyलड़का [laṛakā]
Boysलडकें [laḍakē̃]
Girlलड़की [laṛakī]
Girlsलड़कियाँ [laṛakiyā̃]

Now we will try to implement some of the words above into full Hindi sentences. That way you will be able to see how both forms are used when embedded in a structure.

Singular vs. Plural in a Sentence

English Hindi
We speak two languagesहम दो भाषाएँ बोलते हैं [hama dō bhāṣāē̃ bōlatē haĩ]
They speak four languagesवे चार भाषाएँ बोलते हैं [vē cāra bhāṣāē̃ bōlatē haĩ]
I visited one countryमैंने एक देश का दौरा किया [maĩ ēka dēśa kā daurā kiyā]
She visited three countriesउसने तीन देशों का दौरा किया [vaha tīna dēśō̃ kā daurā kiyā]
She has one sisterउसकी एक बहन है [usakē ēka bahana hai]
He has two sistersउसकी दो बहनें है [usakē dō bahanē̃ hai]

Questions?

If you have any questions, please contact me If you simply want to ask a question, please Hindi contact form on the header above.

Vocabulary List about Languages, Nationalities, and Countries

Below is a list of 50 words related to languages, nationalities, and countries. If you can memorize them by heart, you will be able to have a good conversation about how many languages you speak or where you came from.

Languages Nationalities and Countries List in Hindi

English Hindi
Arabic (language)अरबी [arabī]
Moroccan (nationality)मोरक्को [mōrakkō]
Morocco (country)मोरक्को [mōrakkō]
Brazilian (language)ब्राज़ीलवासी [brāzīlavāsī]
Brazilian (nationality)ब्राज़ीलवासी [brāzīlavāsī]
Brazil (country)ब्राज़ील [brāzīla]
Chinese (language)चीनी [cīnī]
Chinese (nationality)चीनी [cīnī]
China (country)चीन [cīna]
English (language)अंग्रेज़ी [angrēzī]
British (nationality)ब्रिटिश [briṭiśa]
Britain (country)ब्रिटेन [briṭēna]
American (nationality)अमेरिकी [amērikī]
America (country)अमेरिका [amērikā]
French (language)फ्रेंच [phrēñca]
French (nationality)फ्रेंच [phrēñca]
France (country)फ्रांस [phrā̃sa]
German (language)जर्मन [jarmana]
German (nationality)जर्मन [jarmana]
Germany (country)जर्मनी [jarmanī]
Greek (language)यूनानी [yūnānī]
Greek (nationality)यूनानी [yūnānī]
Greece (country)ग्रीस [grīsa]
Hindi (language)हिंदी [hindī]
Indian (nationality)भारतीय [bhāratīya]
India (country)भारत [bhārata]
Irish (language)आयरिश [āyariśa]
Irish (nationality)आयरिश [āyariśa]
Ireland (country)आयरलैंड [āyaralaiṇḍa]
Italian (language)इतालवी [itālavī]
Italian (nationality)इतालवी [itālavī]
Italy (country)इटली [iṭalī]
Japanese (language)जापानी [jāpānī]
Japanese (nationality)जापानी [jāpānī]
Japan (country)जापान [jāpāna]
Korean (language)कोरियाई [kōriyāī]
Korean (nationality)कोरियाई [kōriyāī]
Korea (country)कोरिया [kōriyā]
Persian (language)फारसी [phārasī]
Iranian (nationality)ईरानी [īrānī]
Iran (country)ईरान [īrāna]
Portuguese (language)पुर्तगाली [purtagālī]
Portuguese (nationality)पुर्तगाली [purtagālī]
Portugal (country)पुर्तगाल [purtagāla]
Russian (language)रूसी [rūsī]
Russian (nationality)रूसी [rūsī]
Russia (country)रूस [rūsa]
Spanish (language)स्पेनिश [spēniśa]
Spanish (nationality)स्पेनिश [spēniśa]
Spain (country)स्पेन [spēna]

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Daily Conversation in Hindi

Finally, a list of sentences about languages, nationalities, and countries plus some bonus phrases. For a complete list of commonly used sentences, please visit our Hindi Phrases page. Enjoy!

Common Expressions in Hindi

English Hindi
Languages
I don't speak Koreanमैं कोरियाई बात नहीं करता [maĩ kōriyāī bāta nahī̃ karatā]
I love the Japanese languageमुझे जापानी भाषा प्यार है [mujhē jāpānī bhāṣā pyāra hai]
I speak Italianमैं इतालवी बोलती हूँ [maĩ itālavī bōlatī hū̃]
I want to learn Spanishमैं स्पेनिश सीखना चाहता हुँ [maĩ spēniśa sīkhanā cāhatā hũ]
My mother tongue is Germanमेरी मातृभाषा जर्मन है [mērī mātṛbhāṣā jarmana hai]
Spanish is easy to learnस्पेनिश सीखना आसान है [spēniśa sīkhanā āsāna hai]
Origins
He has a Moroccan rugमेरे पास एक मोरक्को गलीचा है [mērē pāsa ēka mōrakkō galīcā hai]
I have an American carमेरे पास एक अमेरिकी कार है [mērē pāsa ēka amērikī kāra hai]
I love French cheeseमुझे फ्रेंच पनीर प्यार है [mujhē phrēñca panīra pyāra hai]
I'm Italianमैं इतालवी हूँ [maĩ itālavī hū̃]
My father is Greekमेरे पिता यूनानी है [mērē pitā yūnānī hai]
My wife is Koreanमेरी पत्नी कोरियाई है [mērī patnī kōriyāī hai]
Countries
Have you ever been to India?क्या तुमने कभी भारत गया है? [kyā tumanē kabhī bhārata gayā hai?]
I came from Spainमैं स्पेन से आया हुँ [maĩ spēna sē āyā hũ]
I live in Americaमैं अमेरिका में रहते हुँ [maĩ amērikā mē̃ rahatē hũ]
I want to go to Germanyमैं जर्मनी जाना चाहता हुँ [maĩ jarmanī jānā cāhatā hũ]
I was born in Italyमैं इटली में पैदा हुआ था [maĩ iṭalī mē̃ paidā huā thā]
Japan is a beautiful countryजापान एक सुंदर देश है [jāpāna ēka sundara dēśa hai]
Phrases
Long time no seeलंबे समय से मिले नहीं [lambē samaya sē milē nahī̃]
I missed youमैं तुम्हें याद किया [maĩ tumhē̃ yāda kiyā]
What's new?नया क्या है? [nayā kyā hai?]
Nothing newनया कुछ नहीं [nayā kucha nahī̃]
Make yourself at home!आराम से बैठिए! [ārāma sē baiṭhiē!]
Have a good tripएक अच्छा यात्रा लो [ēka acchā yātrā lō]

Fun Facts

Language Quote that by simply knowing how to form the plural, you can double the number of nouns in your vocabulary, without having to memorize all the plural form.

Congratulations! You finished your third lesson in Hindi about singular, plural, languages, nationalities, and countries. Are you ready for the next lesson? We recommend Hindi Lesson 4. You can also simply click on one of the links below or go back to our Learn Hindi homepage.

Lessons Hindi Lessons
Linguistic Hindi Vocabulary
Culture Hindi Phrases
Structure Hindi Grammar