Hindi Lesson 12 (Verbs and Time)

Duration: 30 mins

Lessons Hindi Lessons
Linguistic Hindi Vocabulary
Culture Hindi Phrases
Structure Hindi Grammar

This is the 12th lesson about Hindi verbs, as well as time expressions such as hours, days, and months. Finally some simple common phrases. I will try to give examples using both vocabulary and grammar. That way it will be easy for you to see the words when they are separate and when they are in a sentence. Going through the whole page should take about 30 min. Make sure to read the pronunciation and hear the audio as well. If you have any question about this course, please email me directly at Hindi Classes.


Before we move on to lessons about the present, past, and future, we need to discuss verbs in general. The verb is the second most used part of speech after the noun. That means we need to pay more attention to its different forms and tenses.

Below is a list of 16 verbs that you might come across or use very often. They are in their raw format (not conjugated yet). The table contains 3 columns (English, Hindi, and Audio). Make sure you repeat each word after hearing it by either clicking on the audio button or by reading the pronunciation. That should help with memorization as well as improving your pronunciation.

Verbs List in Hindi

Verbs Hindi
To driveड्राइव करना [ḍrāiva karanā]
To findपता करना [patā karanā]
To giveदेना [dēnā]
To haveहोना [hōnā]
To knowपता करना [patā karanā]
To learnसीखना [jānanā]
To loveप्यार करना [pyāra karanā]
To playखेलना [khēlanā]
To readपढ़ना [paṛhanā]
To seeदेखना [dēkhanā]
To smileमुस्कराना [muskarānā]
To speakबात करना [bāta karanā]
To thinkसोचना [sōcanā]
To understandसमझना [samajhanā]
To workकाम करना [kāma karanā]
To writeलिखना [likhanā]

Here is an example of the verb "to understand" conjugated into the past, present, and future.

Verb "to understand" in a Sentence

He understands meवह मुझे समझता है [vaha mujhē samajhatā hai]
He understood meउन्होंने मुझे समझा [unhōnnē mujhē samajha gayā]
He will understand meवे मुझे समझ जाएँगे [vē mujhē samajha jāē̃gē]


If you have any questions, please contact me If you simply want to ask a question, please Hindi contact form on the header above.

Vocabulary List about Time

Below is a list of 30 words related to time such as hours, days and months. If you can memorize them by heart, you will be able to discuss time related topics more easily.

Time in Hindi

Time Hindi
Daysदिन [dina]
Mondayसोमवार [sōmavāra]
Tuesdayमंगलवार [mangalavāra]
Wednesdayबुधवार [budhavāra]
Thursdayबृहस्पतिवार [bṛhaspativāra]
Fridayशुक्रवार [śukravāra]
Saturdayशनिवार [śanivāra]
Sundayरविवार [ravivāra]
Januaryजनवरी [janavarī]
Februaryफरवरी [pharavarī]
Marchमार्च [mārca]
Aprilअप्रैल [apraila]
Mayमई [maī]
Juneजून [jūna]
Julyजुलाई [julāī]
Augustअगस्त [agasta]
Septemberसितंबर [sitambara]
Octoberअक्टूबर [akṭūbara]
Novemberनवंबर [navambara]
Decemberदिसंबर [disambara]
Autumnपतझड़ [patajhaṛa]
Winterसर्दी [sardī]
Springबसंत [basanta]
Summerगर्मी [garmī]
Seasonsऋतुएँ [ṛtuē̃]
Monthsमहीने [mahīnē]
Timeसमय [samaya]
Hourघंटा [ghaṇṭā]
Minuteमिनट [minaṭa]
Secondदूसरा [dūsarā]


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Daily Conversation in Hindi

Finally, here are some popular phrases you might need to use daily. For a complete list of commonly used sentences, please visit our Hindi Phrases page. Enjoy!

Common Expressions in Hindi

English Hindi
I was born in Julyमैं जुलाई में पैदा हुआ था [maĩ julāī mē̃ paidā huā thā]
I will visit you in Augustमैं अगस्त में आपसे मिलूँगा [maĩ agasta mē̃ āpasē milū̃gā]
See you tomorrow!कल मिलते हैं! [kala milatē haĩ!]
Today is Mondayआज सोमवार है [āja sōmavāra hai]
Winter is very cold hereशीतकालीन यहाँ बहुत ठंड है [śītakālīna yahā̃ bahuta ṭhaṇḍa hai]
Yesterday was Sundayकल रविवार था [kala ravivāra thā]
Are you married?क्या आप शादीशुदा हैं? [kyā āpa śādīśudā haĩ?]
I'm singleमैं अकेला हूँ [maĩ akēlā hū̃]
Would you marry me?क्या तुम मुझसे शादी करोगे? [kyā tuma mujhasē śādī karōgē?]
Can I have your phone number?क्या मुझे अपने फोन नंबर मिल सकता है? [kyā mujhē apanē phōna nambara mila sakatā hai?]
Can I have your email?क्या मुझे अपने ईमेल मिल सकता है? [kyā mujhē apanē īmēla mila sakatā hai?]

Fun Facts

Language Quote: ❝Learn everything you can, anytime you can, from anyone you can; there will always come a time when you will be grateful you did.❞ ‒Sarah Caldwell

Congratulations! You finished your 12th lesson in Hindi about verbs, and time. Are you ready for the next lesson? We recommend Hindi Lesson 13. You can also simply click on one of the links below or go back to our Learn Hindi homepage.

Lessons Hindi Lessons
Linguistic Hindi Vocabulary
Culture Hindi Phrases
Structure Hindi Grammar