Adjectives

Hindi Lesson 2 (Adjectives and Food)

Duration: 30 mins

Lessons Hindi Lessons
Linguistic Hindi Vocabulary
Culture Hindi Phrases
Structure Hindi Grammar

This second lesson teaches many important aspect in Hindi like adjectives, vocabulary list about food and finally common phrases about greeting. I will try to give examples using both vocabulary and grammar. That way it will be easy for you to see the words when they are separate and when they are in a sentence. Going through the whole page should take about 30 min. Make sure to read the pronunciation and hear the audio as well. If you have any question about this course, please email me directly at Hindi Classes.

Adjectives

Knowing adjectives in Hindi is a powerful skill. It can make it easy to have a conversation about different topics by simply knowing some key words such as "good", "bad", "right", "wrong" etc. Adjectives are words used to describe or modify another person or thing in the sentence for example: I am happy. Hindi is easy.

Below is a list of 20 adjectives that you might come across or use very often. The table contains 3 columns (English, Hindi, and Audio). Make sure you repeat each word after hearing it by either clicking on the audio button or by reading the pronunciation. That should help with memorization as well as improving your pronunciation.

Adjectives List in Hindi

Adjectives Hindi
Tallलम्बा [lambā]
Shortछोटा [chōṭā]
Bigबड़ा [baṛā]
Wideचौड़ा [cauṛā]
Longदीर्घ [dīrgha]
Smallलघु [laghu]
Thickमोटा [mōṭā]
Thinपतला [patalā]
Newनया [nayā]
Old (opposite of new)पुराने (नए के विपरीत) [purānē (naē kē viparīta)]
Cheapसस्ता [sastā]
Expensiveमहँगा [maham̐gā]
Youngजवान [javāna]
Old (opposite of young)बूढा (युवा के विपरीत) [būḍhā (yuvā kē viparīta)]
Wrongगलत [galata]
Right (correct)राइट (सही) [rāiṭa (sahī)]
Goodअच्छा [acchā]
Badखराब [kharāba]
Difficultमुश्किल [muśkila]
Easyआसान [āsāna]

Now we will try to implement some of the words above into full Hindi sentences. That way you will be able to use the word not only by itself but embedded in a structure.

Hindi Adjectives in a Sentence

English Hindi
Am I right or wrong?मैं सही हूँ या गलत? [maĩ sahī hū̃ yā galata?]
Is he younger or older than you?क्या वह आपसे छोटा है या बड़ा? [kyā vaha āpasē chōṭā yā baṛā hai?]
Is the test easy or difficult?क्या यह परीक्षण आसान है या मुश्किल ? [kyā yaha parīkṣaṇa āsāna yā muśkila hai?]
Is this book new or old?क्या यह किताब नई है या पुरानी? [kyā yaha kitāba naī yā purānī hai?]
This is so expensiveयह बहुत महँगा है [yaha bahuta maham̐gā hai]

Questions?

If you have any questions, please contact me If you simply want to ask a question, please Hindi contact form on the header above.

Vocabulary List about Food

Below is a list of 50 words related to food such as fruits, vegetables and edible items. If you can memorize them by heart, you will be able to buy many food necessities from the supermarket or off the menu in a restaurant without a problem.

Food List in Hindi

Food Hindi
Breakfastनाश्ता [nāśtā]
Lunchदोपहर का भोजन [dōpahara kā bhōjana]
Dinnerरात का भोजन [rāta kā bhōjana]
Mealभोजन [bhōjana]
Applesसेब [sēba]
Avocadosअवोकाडोस [avōkāḍōsa]
Bananasकेला [kēlā]
Beansफलियां [phaliyā̃]
Breadरोटी [rōṭī]
Butterमक्खन [makkhana]
Carrots गाजर [gājara]
Cheeseपनीर / चीज़ [panīra / cīza]
Chickenमुर्गा (चिकन) [murgā (cikana)]
Coffeeकॉफी [kôphī]
Cornमक्का [makkā]
Cucumbersखीरे [khīrē]
Eggsअंडे [aṇḍē]
Figsअंजीर [añjīra]
Fishमछली [machalī]
Foodभोजन [bhōjana]
Fruitफल [phala]
Garlicलहसुन [lahasuna]
Grapesअंगूर [angūra]
Ice creamआइसक्रीम [āisakrīma]
Lemonsनींबू [nīmbū]
Lettuceसलाद पत्ता [salāda pattā]
Meatमांस [mā̃sa]
Milkदूध [dūdha]
Olivesजैतून [jaitūna]
Onionsप्याज़ [pyāza]
Orange juiceसंतरे का रस [santarē kā rasa]
Orangesसंतरा [santarā]
Peachesआड़ू [āṛū]
Pearsनाशपाती [rahilā]
Peppersमिर्च [mirca]
Pineapplesअनानास [anānāsa]
Pizzaपिज़्ज़ा [pizzā]
Potatoesआलू [ālū]
Pumpkinकद्दू [kaddū]
Saladसलाद [salāda]
Saltनमक [namaka]
Sandwichसैंडविच [saiṇḍavica]
Soda (like Coke)सोडा (कोक की तरह) [sōḍā (kōka kī taraha)]
Strawberriesस्ट्रॉबेरी [sṭrôbērī]
Sugarचीनी [cīnī]
Teaचाय [cāya]
Tomatoesटमाटर [ṭamāṭara]
Vegetablesसब्जियाँ [sabjiyā̃]
Waterपानी [pānī]
Watermelonतरबूज [tarabūja]

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Daily Conversation in Hindi

Finally, a list of sentences If you simply want to ask a question, please vocabulary used in this lesson plus some bonus phrases. For a complete list of commonly used sentences, please visit our Hindi Phrases page. Enjoy!

Common Expressions in Hindi

English Hindi
Are you thirsty?तुम्हे प्यास लगी है ? [tuma pyāsē hō?]
I'm hungryमुझे भूख लगी है [mujhē bhūkha lagī hai]
Do you have a bottle of water?क्या आप के पास पानी की बोतल है? [kyā āpa kē pāsa pānī kī bōtala hai?]
Breakfast is readyनाश्ता तैयार है [nāśtā taiyāra hai]
What kind of food do you like?आप किस तरह का खाना पसंद करते हैं? [āpa kisa taraha kī bhōjana pasanda karatē haĩ?]
I like cheeseमुझे पनीर पसंद है [maĩ panīra pasanda karatā hū̃]
Bananas taste sweetकेले मीठे लगते हैं [kēlē mīṭhā svāda hai]
I don't like cucumberमुझे खीरा पसंद नहीं है [maĩ kakaṛī pasanda nahī̃ karatā hū̃]
I like bananasमुझे केले पसंद हैं [maĩ kēlē pasanda karatā hū̃]
Lemons taste sourनींबू खट्टे लगते है [nīmbū khaṭṭē svāda hai]
This fruit is deliciousयह फल स्वादिष्ट है [yaha phala svādiṣṭa hai]
Vegetables are healthyसब्जियाँ स्वास्थ्यवर्धक / सेहतमंद हैं [sabjiyō̃ svastha haĩ]
Hi!नमस्ते! [namastē!]
Good morning!सुप्रभात! [suprabhāta!]
Good afternoon!शुभ अपराह्न (गुड आफ़्टरनून)! [śubha aparāhna (guḍa āfṭaranūna)!]
Good evening!शुभ संध्या! [śubha sandhyā!]
Welcome!स्वागत है! [svāgata hai!]
How are you? (informal)तुम कैसे हो ? (दोस्ताना) [tuma kaise ho? (dōstānā)]
How are you? (formal)आप कैसे हैं? (विनम्र) [āpa kaisē haĩ? (vinamra)]
What's up? (colloquial) क्या हो रहा है? (बोलचाल की भाषा) [kyā hō rahā hai? (bōlacāla kī bhāṣā)]
I'm fine, thank you!मैं ठीक हूँ, धन्यवाद! [maĩ ṭhīka hū̃, dhanyavāda!]
And you? (informal)और तुम? (दोस्ताना) [aura tuma? (dōstānā)]
And you? (formal)और आप? (विनम्र) [aura āpa? (vinamra)]
Goodअच्छा [acchā]

Fun Facts

Language Quote that a palindrome is a word, phrase, number, or other sequence of characters which reads the same backward or forward. Allowances may be made for adjustments to capital letters, punctuation, and word dividers.

Congratulations! You finished your second lesson in Hindi about adjectives, and food. Are you ready for the next lesson? We recommend Hindi Lesson 3. You can also simply click on one of the links below or go back to our Learn Hindi homepage.

Lessons Hindi Lessons
Linguistic Hindi Vocabulary
Culture Hindi Phrases
Structure Hindi Grammar